Birding the Americas
Trip Report and Planning Repository
Return to the Main
Return to the North
Return to the Caribbean
7 - 21 July 1997
by Richard A Fuller & Rebecca
The island of Antigua is situated in the Caribbean Sea, at the northern
tip of the Lesser Antilles, with Anguilla and the US Virgin Islands to
the north, and Guadeloupe to the south. The nation of Antigua and Barbuda
gained independence from the UK in 1981, and also includes a third island,
Redonda. The idyllic Caribbean beaches are the primary touristic attraction
of Antigua. For the birder, Antigua holds no species which cannot be found
on other Lesser Antillean islands (e.g. Guadeloupe). However, my girlfriend
is a non-birder and we found this destination to be ideal in that a relaxing
beachy holiday can be combined with some relaxing yet relatively productive
all-round birding. We also visited Guadeloupe for 2 days (EC$389 for the
flight). Our two-week self-catering holiday with Thomson cost £409
each, a late “Square Deal” booking.
(See checklist for scientific names). The main species to look for on Antigua
is Bridled Quail Dove, apparently very difficult on the other islands in
its northern Lesser Antillean range. The nocturnal West Indian Tree Duck
apparently occurs, but I failed with this species, and I doubt it is common
here. The Tree Duck is best located on Barbuda (day trips can be arranged
from Antigua). Other uncommon local species to be sought are Scaly-breasted
and Pearly-eyed Thrashers, and Red-necked Pigeon, all of which I located
with reasonable ease.:
Habitat and Logistics:
Antigua boasts a wide range of habitats, ranging from humid forest (not
rainforest as the guides may lead you to believe) through dry woodland
and scrub, mangrove swamps and salt lagoons to a large freshwater reservoir
in the centre of the island. You will need the 1:50,000 Ordnance Survey
map, which you can purchase for EC$21 from the Map Shop in St. Mary’s Street,
St. Johns. There are no roadsigns and navigation is difficult even if you
are a proficient map-reader!
We stayed at the Jolly Harbour Hotel, on the west coast, which was of
an excellent standard. Local currency is the Eastern Caribbean Dollar,
which is pegged to the US dollar at EC$2.70 to US$1. Most places accept
US$, but all take EC$. Prices are fairly high, and throughout this report
are given in the currency we paid. We hired bikes for a few days (US$10
per day), which gave us access to a couple of sites down the coast, but
cycling long distances under the Caribbean sun is no joke. A car is definitely
needed to explore some of the more remote sites, and serves as an excellent
hide at a couple of spots. Ours cost US$50 per day. A 2-wheel drive car
is just about adequate but the roads are in a terrible state, particularly
in the south. Taxis are not really a viable option - they are very expensive
- a return trip to St. John’s from our hotel cost US$24.
Access to most areas is no problem; the people are extremely friendly
and an amiable chat should gain you free access. It is essential to remember
that it is customary in Antigua for the visitor to initiate conversation
(“morning”, “afternoon” etc. will suffice to begin with), otherwise you
will invite an uncooperative attitude.
This report is presented in three sections: Site Details, Daily Log
and finally an Annotated Species List.
Site Details for Antigua - July 1997:
These sites are arranged in no particular order. If you have only a short
time on the island, I would recommend the Wallings Reservoir area, Christian
Valley, Potsworks Reservoir and Mc Kinnons Salt Pond in that order. Landbirds
which are common to abundant in virtually all habitats are: Broad-winged
Hawk, White-crowned Pigeon, Zenaida Dove, Common Ground Dove, Green-throated
Carib, Antillean Crested Hummingbird, Grey Kingbird, Caribbean Elaenia,
Black-whiskered Vireo, Yellow Warbler, Bananaquit, Carib Grackle, Lesser
Antillean Bullfinch and Black-faced Grassquit. They are not mentioned in
the following site accounts. American Kestrel and Caribbean (Purple) Martin
are reasonably easy. Of the aquatic radiation, Brown Pelican, Magnificent
Frigatebird, Cattle Egret, Snowy Egret, Great White Egret, Least Tern and
Laughing Gull can all be seen roadside with ease.
Mc Kinnons Salt Pond
Best visited in the evening, this is the premier site for waders on Antigua.
Head north out of St. John’s following the signs to Miller’s-by-the-Sea
(Fort James). Just after passing the drive-thru KFC, turn left (signed
to Miller’s). After about ½ mile, turn right onto the metalled road
and follow this towards Runaway Beach to view the saltpond on the right.
There are various pull-ins where you can stop and scan the pool. I visited
this site twice and considered it suprisingly productive for the time of
year: maxima were c50 Bahama Pintail, 7 Greater Yellowlegs, 4 Lesser Yellowlegs,
1 Stilt Sandpiper, 65 Short-billed Dowitcher, 50 Semipalmated Sandpiper,
with 1 Least and 2 Westerns, 20 Semipalmated Plover, 15 Wilson’s Plover
(with chicks), 20 Black-necked Stilt, 50 Sandwich Tern, 25 Least Tern,
50 Laughing Gull, 1 Great White Egret, 2 Yellow-crowned Night Heron and
2 Snowy Egret. Dark Wood Salt Pond contained a greater variety of herons
This mangrove swamp area is situated south of the airport. Take the minor
road running from south of the terminal building through St. Georges to
St. George Hill and stop en route at likely-looking spots. This site has
Clapper Rail, but I unfortunately visited at high tide, thus greatly hampering
my efforts. I tried to reach the mangroves by skirting around the US Air
Force building north of St. George’s Church, but the thorny Acacias were
impossible. However this was a brilliant area for photography as the birds
were readily brought in by pishing here. The mangroves and brackish ponds
by the road around St. George’s Hill (use the car as a hide) had a Spotted
Sandpiper, 10 Snowy Egret, 3 Green-backed Heron, a Willet and 20 Black-necked
On the Five Islands Peninsula to the west of St. Johns, the pool inland
from the Galley Bay Hotel held a variety of waterbirds, primarily herons
and waterfowl and could be worth a visit if you have time. Take the right
fork heading west out of Five Islands Village to view.
A must. This site has both Scaly-breasted and Pearly-eyed Thrashers. Bridled
Quail Dove has also occurred, but I could not find any in my two visits.
Take the well-defined track south from the main road, about 3 miles S of
St. Johns. If you have trouble locating the track, get to the Caribbean
Radio Lighthouse building by the side of the road between Bolans and Jennings
and then drive towards St. Johns. The track is about 500m away on the right.
If you are driving, do not take the track opposite the Radio Lighthouse
as this is impassable at the creek crossing where it joins the main Christian
Valley track. The main track is gated about a mile and half from the main
road, and the area which is an agricultural station opens at 7.00am. You
could climb the gate or sneak through along the creek bed, but be prepared
to do some explaining. I had both thrashers at about 8am.
Jolly Harbour Marina Club Hotel
If you struggle for Caribbean Martin, which is certainly not abundant,
try this hotel as there were usually a few over the marina itself, or around
the car park area by the security barrier. Access to all beaches in Antigua
is public, so don't worry about going into hotel grounds. Jolly Harbour
is on the west coast about 4 miles south of St. Johns.
Dark Wood Salt Pond
Very good for herons and waterfowl, but contained few migratory waders
(for which try Mc Kinnons Salt Pond) and possibly deteriorated since previous
reports I was using. Viewable from the coast road about 6 miles south of
St. Johns. Maxima here were: 4 Yellow-crowned Night Heron, 1 Black-crowned
Night Heron, 15 Wilson’s Plover (with chicks), 1 Semipalmated Plover, 80
Least Tern, 2 Black-necked Stilt (with chick), 8 Bahama Pintail, 3 Great
Blue Heron, 1 Tricoloured Heron, 3 Snowy Egret, 2 Green-backed Heron, 1
Little Blue Heron. Clapper Rail has been seen here. A female Masked Duck
was present for three days on the second roadside pond north of the salt
pond, and a pair of American Kestrel were breeding in the further ruined
windmill from the road towards Ffryes Bay. The pools and mangrove swamps
by the coast road between Crab Hill and Old Road are worth exploring if
you have time.
Wallings Reservoir Area
By the road between John Hughes and Old Road, this area contains Red-necked
Pigeon and Bridled Quail Dove, and is a must. I did not visit the reservoir
itself as prior permission was necessary. I parked at the pull-in by the
hairpin 100m west of the western pumping station. Walk back to the roadside
pond, cross the marshy inlet at the NE corner, and follow the track up
into the humid forest. The resonant call of Bridled Quail Dove can be heard
from a great distance, but the bird is hard to pin down, and it took me
half an hour to get a brief glimpse of this bird. I had two flyover Red-necked
Pigeon. This forest looks like the best bet on Antigua for Antillean Euphonia,
but I couldn’t locate any.
Very productive and well worth a visit, this site has patently improved
since previous reports - you can drive to the water’s edge and use the
car as a hide. The road from St. Johns via the Sugar Factory is the best
way to approach this reservoir. I spent about 3 hours here, and noted 47
Pied-billed Grebe, 30 Moorhen, 2 Caribbean Coot, 30 Cattle Egret, 50 Great
White Egret, 3 Great Blue Heron, 75 Black-necked Stilt, 100 Laughing Gull,
7 Semipalmated Plover, 8 Turnstone, 13 Snowy Egret, 6 Willet, 5 Short-billed
Dowitcher, 20 Least Tern, 4 Brown Pelican and 1 Little Blue Heron as well
as a remarkable 117 Ruddy Duck. The nearby Collin’s Reservoir held of note
3 Green-backed Heron, 3 Pied-billed Grebe and 2 Bahama Pintail.
Daily Log for Antigua - July 1997:
Arrived on schedule early afternoon at Antigua International Airport,
noting 4 adult summer Laughing Gulls upon leaving the 767. A couple of
Carib Grackles were feeding outside the airport as we waited for a taxi.
Reeling from our first experience of Antiguan roads, we recorded 2 Magnificent
Frigatebirds, 2 Broad-winged Hawks, 8 Cattle Egrets and a Great White Egret
on the way to the hotel. Antigua is dry, and there is little avian activity
during the middle part of the day. Our accommodation was allocated on arrival
and we were somewhat relieved to find ours was to be the Jolly Harbour
Hotel. Our apartment was spacious, airy and clean. A walk round the hotel
grounds produced Caribbean Martin, White-crowned Pigeon, Zenaida Dove,
Brown Pelican, Least Tern, Bananaquit, Black-faced Grassquit, Grey Kingbird
and Lesser Antillean Bullfinch. Had an excellent burger and a beer in the
evening at the barbecue.
Up at 5.30am and walked to the Christian Valley. A cracking singing
male Yellow Warbler was by the track to the valley and Common Ground Dove
was common here. A tiny Antillean Crested Hummingbird was an amazing sight
as it flitted at unbelievable speed between flowering bushes. 3 Brown Rats
were present in a ramshackle roadside building and Indian Mongoose was
abundant here. A couple of Caribbean Elaenias were singing along the small
track off to the left before reaching the buildings in the valley, and
a calling Broad-winged Hawk was there. No sign or sound of any thrashers
or Bridled Quail Dove. We hired a couple of bikes and after lunch headed
south to Picarts Bay. Crashing out on the beach, only c25 Least Tern, c10
Magnificent Frigatebirds and c25 Laughing Gulls were noted. Attempted to
construct our own meal this evening. Hmm.
Got up at a not-so-enthusiastic 7am and cycled to Dark Wood Salt Pond.
The pond was fairly dry, and probably not performing as well as it can.
Additionally the level of disturbance here was unfortunately very high
with kids regularly crossing straight through the area scaring the birds
for fun. I noted 4 Yellow-crowned Night Herons, a juvenile Black-crowned
Night Heron, 5 Wilson’s Plover, including a pair with two young chicks,
c80 Least Tern, 4 Bahama Pintail, 2 Great Blue Herons (1 white phase),
3 Snowy Egret, 2 Green-backed Heron and 39 Laughing Gulls. A Black-necked
Stilt was very agitated in defence of its half-grown chick. Landbirds around
the pond were 4 Caribbean Elaenia, 5 Black-faced Grassquit, 2 Bananaquit,
7 Zenaida Doves, 2 White-crowned Pigeon, a Grey Kingbird, 2 singing Yellow
Warblers and a Common Ground Dove. A half-hour seawatch off Picarts Bay
produced 2 Audubon’s Shearwater, 7 Magnificent Frigatebirds, 9 Laughing
Gulls and a Least Tern. The rest of the day was spent relaxing on the beach!
Up at 6am and cycled to the Christian Valley again. Arrived at the gate
at about 6.30 and birded around the entrance area for a while. A Pearly-eyed
Thrasher was singing from the hillside to the N of the gate. Lost patience
when the gate hadn't opened by 7.00 and wheeled the bike along the creek
bed bypassing the main fence. Carried on up the valley, taking the right
hand track just before the road reaches the buildings. About 100m up this
track, got crippling views of a juvenile Broad-winged Hawk as it perched
in low trees calling. Single Scaly-breasted and Pearly-eyed Thrashers were
singing either side of the narrow footpath between the clearing and the
"fields" and had good views of a singing male Yellow Warbler. We visited
Picarts Bay again in the afternoon, and I briefly looked at the salt pond
from the southern edge. There were 25 Brown Pelicans, 3 Snowy Egrets, 2
Wilson's Plover and an immature Little Blue Heron. Got some good photos
of a pair of Caribbean Elaenias and a Green-throated Carib whizzed by.
A Black-whiskered Vireo was in the pondside vegetation.
Visited the York Salt Pond on the way back to the hotel. It was fairly
dry and contained only 2 Wilson's Plovers. A flock of 25 Carib Grackles
was drinking it a freshwater puddle nearby. A shrill call brought three
American Kestrels to my attention along the approach road. They perhaps
had bred in the more seaward of the two ruined windmills, as two juveniles
were eating prey and an adult was in attendance. A female Masked Duck was
an unexpected find on the small pond by the main road opposite the end
of the track. This species is quite different to Ruddy Duck - very noticeably
smaller, with a more barred face, barred back and large white flashes in
the wings. I saw both species of Oxyura on Antigua during this trip.
We cycled out to Pearns Point for the day, finding some superb unspoilt
and deserted beaches. Two American Oystercatchers were on the Five Islands
off Pearns Point, along with about 20 Magnificent Frigatebirds perched
on the rocks. The common passerines were at their most abundant on this
Another late rise, and a day spent touring the southern part of Antigua.
The main birding event of the day was finding the Masked Duck still present
in the afternoon on the small roadside pond near Dark Wood Salt Pond. It
concealed itself very quickly in the vegetation as soon as it saw me approaching.
It is amazing how a Masked Duck and 5 Moorhen can disappear into such a
small area of vegetation.
Up at 6am for a look around the Wallings Reservoir area. Stopped to
look at the Masked Duck pool, but there was no sign of the bird, and I
did not see it subsequently. Just after parking the car by the lookout
a Red-necked Pigeon overflew. I made my way up the track into the humid
woodland and soon heard a Bridled Quail Dove calling. Following the sound,
I eventually managed to get a brief glimpse of the bird in the transitional
zone between the humid and dry forest after about half and hour of searching.
Another Red-necked Pigeon was observed at the top of the track, and brilliant
views of an adult Broad-winged Hawk with a prey item were had on the way
back down. Black-whiskered Vireo was abundant in this area. On the way
back, I dropped in at Dark Wood Salt Pond which produced of note a fine
adult Tricoloured Heron, 3 Great Blue Herons, 8 Bahama Pintail and an adult
Semipalmated Plover. The Jolly Harbour Hotel produced 2 Caribbean Martins
over the car park at about midday. After a beachy afternoon, I visited
Mc Kinnons Salt Pond in the evening. Viewed from the western side, this
proved to be an excellent site for waders, “migrants” including a Stilt
Sandpiper (with a broken leg) 7 Greater Yellowlegs, 1 Lesser Yellowlegs,
18 Short-billed Dowitchers, c50 Semipalmated Sandpiper, with a couple of
possible Westerns and 3 Semipalmated Plover.
Up early for a visit to Potsworks Reservoir in the centre of the island.
The reservoir held 47 Pied-billed Grebe, 30 Moorhen, 2 Caribbean Coot,
30 Cattle Egret, 50 Great White Egret, 3 Great Blue Heron, 75 Black-necked
Stilt, 100 Laughing Gull, 7 Semipalmated Plover, 8 Turnstone, 13 Snowy
Egret, 6 Willet, 5 Short-billed Dowitcher, 20 Least Tern, 4 Brown Pelican
and 1 Little Blue Heron as well as a remarkable 117 Ruddy Duck. Nearby
Collins Reservoir was also checked, but produced no more than 3 Green-backed
Herons, 3 Pied-billed Grebes and 2 Bahama Pintail. Two American Kestrels
were noted from on the journey back in the Belmont area, just east of St.
Johns. During an afternoon visit to Long Bay Beach in the eastern part
of Antigua, a Common Tern was fishing along the beach front, and I got
some good photos of a very aggressive Green-throated Carib which was chasing
off Grey Kingbirds and Carib Grackles with gusto! Back to Mc Kinnons Salt
Pond in the evening where 65 Short-billed Dowitchers, 4 Lesser Yellowlegs,
2 Greater Yellowlegs, c50 Semipalmated Sandpipers, with 1 Least and 2 Westerns,
and c20 Semipalmated Plover were notable, and the Stilt Sandpiper was still
An early morning visit to Fitches Creek in search of mangrove species
(Mangrove Cuckoo and Clapper Rail) proved largely unsuccessful. Rather
carelessly, my visit coincided with high tide, and the mangrove swamp was
inaccessible and little mud was exposed. A Spotted Sandpiper photographed
at close range and a Willet flying low overhead were the highlights. An
attempt to reach the mangrove swamp via the US Air Force building proved
a non-starter; the Acacia bushes were extremely thorny and the swamp edges
were inaccessible. However, I got some pretty good photos of passerines
in this area (particularly Yellow Warbler) which were relatively easy to
We visited Betty's Hope Sugar Mill in the afternoon, where we discovered
a pair of American Kestrels which seemed to be nesting in one of the windmill
towers. We spent the later part of the afternoon on the Hawksbill Bay Resort
beach, where I noted a splendid Red-billed Tropicbird offshore. Dropped
in at Galley Bay Lake at dusk to look for West Indian Tree Duck without
success and then went to Millers-by-the-sea that evening for a beer.
Having to take the hire car back to Hertz, we spent the whole day relaxing
on the beach and drinking fine Antiguan Cavalier Rum! 3 Feral Doves which
overflew the Jolly Harbour Hotel were possibly of direct domestic origin.
17th - 19th July
We made a brief trip to Guadeloupe.
Another day spent on the beach, an evening seawatch from the hotel beach
produced 6+ Audubon’s Shearwaters and 2 Bahama Pintails. A couple of Caribbean
Martins were again over the Jolly Harbour Hotel.
The final morning of trip was spent packing, and the only observation
of note was a couple of Sandwich Terns visiting the marina briefly. We
left Antigua on the 1530 brown, refreshed and with 52 new species (this
was my first trip to the New World).
1. Pied-billed Grebe - Podilymbus podiceps antillarum. Good
numbers in appropriate freshwater habitat - flocks of 47 and 3 on Potsworks
and Collins Reservoirs respectively on 14th
2. Audubon’s Shearwater - Puffinus lherminieri lherminieri.
Just 2 birds off Picarts Bay on 9th, and 6+ off Jolly Harbour beach on
3. Red-billed Tropicbird - Phaethon aethereus mesonauta.
A single from the Hawksbill Resort Beach on 15th
4. Brown Pelican - Pelecanus occidentalis occidentalis. A
common bird throughout Antigua on salt ponds and freshwater lakes.
5. Magnificent Frigatebird - Fregata magnificens rothschildi.
Common coastally with one or two birds almost always in sight
6. Great Blue Heron - Ardea herodias occidentalis. Two (including
one white phase bird) at Dark Wood Salt Pond on 9th, three there on 13th
and three at Potsworks Reservoir on 14th
7. Green-backed Heron - Butorides virescens virescens. A
common bird, noted at all freshwater and saltwater sites, often in very
small roadside ponds.
8. Little Blue Heron - Egretta caerulea. An immature was
on Dark Wood Salt Pond on 10th, and an adult was at Potsworks Reservoir
9. Cattle Egret - Bubulcus ibis ibis. An abundant bird on
10. Great White Egret - Egretta alba egretta. Common in fresh
and saltwater habitats in Antigua - maximum count was c50 at Potsworks
Reservoir on 14th
11. Snowy Egret - Egretta thula. Again, common in aquatic
habitats, maximum count was 13 at Potsworks Reservoir on 14th. I checked
all birds for Little Egret, and identified none of the latter.
12. Tricoloured Heron - Egretta tricolor ruficollis. A fine
adult was noted at Dark Wood Salt Pond on 13th
13. Black-crowned Night Heron - Nycticorax nycticorax hoactii.
Small numbers of birds seen at the coastal sites of Mc Kinnons and Dark
Wood Salt Ponds.
14. Yellow-crowned Night Heron - Nycticorax violaceus bancrofti.
More common than Black-crowned Night Heron, with a maximum of 4 birds at
Dark Wood Salt Pond. Both night herons seem to have declined in Antigua.
15. Bahama Pintail - Anas bahamensis bahamensis. A common
bird coastally, and at any substantial area of water. Maximum count was
c50 at Mc Kinnons Salt Pond on 13th
16. Ruddy Duck - Oxyura jamaicensis jamaicensis. A flock
of 117 birds was on Potsworks Reservoir on 14th
17. Masked Duck - Oxyura dominica. A female was present on
the second small pond north of Dark Wood Salt Pond from 10th - 12th, but
18. Broad-winged Hawk - Buteo platypterus insulicola. A common
and widespread species in Antigua, perched birds often heard calling. The
form insulicola is restricted to Antigua island.
19. American Kestrel - Falco sparverius caribaearum. Widespread
and relatively common in Antigua. Two probable nesting sites were in two
of the ninety ruined windmills dotted across the island. Two juveniles
were observed with an adult in close attendance at Dark Wood on 10th.
20. Moorhen - Gallinula chloropus cerceris. A common species
in suitable freshwater habitat across the island.
21. Caribbean Coot - Fulica caribaea. Two birds were on Potsworks
Reservoir on 14th.
22. American Oystercatcher - Haematopus palliatus palliatus.
were on the Five Islands off Pearn’s Point on 11th.
23. Semipalmated Plover - Charadrius semipalmatus. 1 at Dark
Wood Salt Pond on
24. Wilson’s Plover - Charadrius wilsonia rufinucha. A total
of 48 “bird days” - Observed at Mc Kinnons Salt Pond (max=15), Dark Wood
Salt Pond (max=15), York Salt Pond (2) and roadside in southern Antigua
25. Turnstone - Arenaria interpres morinella. Eight birds
were at Potsworks Reservoir on 14th
26. Black-necked Stilt - Himantopus mexicanus. A total of
125 “bird days” - Observed at many salt at freshwater sites - maximum 75
at Potsworks Reservoir on 14th.
27. Greater Yellowlegs - Tringa melanoleuca. 7 birds at Mc
Kinnons Salt Pond on 13th and 2 there the following evening.
28. Lesser Yellowlegs - Tringa flavipes. 1 at Mc Kinnons
Salt Pond on 13th and 4 there the following evening.
29. Willet - Catoptrophorus semipalmatus semipalmatus. 6
at Potsworks Reservoir on the 14th and a single bird at Fitches Creek the
30. Least Sandpiper - Calidris minutilla. A single at Mc
Kinnons Salt Pond on 14th.
31. Semipalmated Sandpiper - Calidris pusilla. c50 at Mc
Kinnons Salt Pond on 13th & 14th.
32. Western Sandpiper - Calidris mauri. 2 at Mc Kinnons Salt
Pond on 14th.
33. Stilt Sandpiper - Micropalama himantopus. A single bird
with a broken leg on Mc Kinnons Salt Pond on 13th & 14th.
34. Spotted Sandpiper - Actitis macularia. Single at Fitches
Creek on 15th.
35. Laughing Gull - Larus atricilla. A very common bird coastally.
Maximum number was a group of c100 birds at Potsworks Reservoir on 14th.
36. Common Tern - Sterna hirundo hirundo. A breeding-plumaged
adult fishing along the beach at Long Bay on 14th.
37. Least Tern - Sterna antillarum antillarum. A common species
of coastal areas, the largest concentration was at Dark Wood Salt Pond
where c80 were seen on 9th.
38. Sandwich Tern - Sterna sandvicensis acuflavidus. Observed
at Mc Kinnons Salt Pond and Jolly Harbour Hotel. Max was c50 on 13th at
the former site.
39. Brown Noddy - Anous stolidus stolidus. A single past
Jolly Harbour Hotel beach on 20th was the only record.
40. White-crowned Pigeon - Columba leucocephala. A thinly-spread
but not uncommon bird all over Antigua, usually seen in singles and pairs,
and often overflying. Maximum was 4 birds at Jolly Harbour Hotel on 7th.
41. Red-necked Pigeon - Columba squamosa. Two birds overflying
the Wallings Reservoir area on 13th.
42. Feral Dove - Columba livia. Three birds, possibly of
direct domestic origin, overflew the Jolly Harbour Hotel on 16th.
43. Zenaida Dove - Zenaida aurita aurita. A very common species
in all habitats.
44. Common Ground Dove - Columbina passerina nigrirostris.
Common in all habitats.
45. Bridled Quail Dove - Geotrygon mystacea. A single bird
heard and subsequently glimpsed briefly at Wallings Reservoir on 13th.
46. Green-throated Carib - Sericotes holosericeus holosericeus.
A not uncommon species, although perhaps reduced in recent years. Found
in all terrestrial habitats. No sign of any Purple-throated Caribs on Antigua.
47. Antillean Crested Hummingbird - Orthorhynchus cristatus exilis.
Commoner than Green-throated Carib and frequently observed in hotel grounds.
Found in all terrestrial habitats.
48. Grey Kingbird - Tyrannus dominicensis vorax. Another
common species, frequently seen perched on telegraph wires. Found in all
49. Caribbean Elaenia - Elaenia martinica risii. Common,
but sings mainly in the mornings and afternoons. Max count of nine birds
in Christian Valley on 10th
50. Caribbean Martin - Progne dominicensis. Uncommon species.
Strangely, I only encountered it at the Jolly Harbour Hotel, where up to
7 birds were present throughout the trip.
51. Scaly-breasted Thrasher - Margarops fusca. A single bird
heard from the footpath to the farm plots at Christian Valley on 10th.
52. Pearly-eyed Thrasher - Margarops fuscatus ssp. Two at
Christian Valley on 10th.
53. Black-whiskered Vireo - Vireo altiloquus ssp. A common
species on Antigua in many habitats, but perhaps at its commonest in the
Wallings Road area.
54. Yellow Warbler - Dendroica petechia bartholemica. Common
and frequently observed in mainly dry habitats.
55. Bananaquit - Coereba flaveola bartholemica. An abundant
species in all terrestrial habitats.
56. Carib Grackle - Quiscalus lugubris fortirostris. A common
species of open habitats. Introduced to Antigua from Barbados.
57. Lesser Antillean Bullfinch - Loxigilla noctis ridgwayi.
Common in all terrestrial habitats. A male was observed building a nest
in the Christian Valley.
58. Black-faced Grassquit - Tiaris bicolor ssp. Ubiquitous.