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21 January - 4 February 2007

by Mike Mulligan

You can’t go wrong taking bird folks to Costa Rica. The daily birdlife spectacle is overwhelming, especially for first-timers. Throw in some phenomenal scenery, an excellent guide, fine food and pleasant weather and you’ve got a sure-fire winner. We had all that on this tour, and more. Organized by Kim Risen of Naturescape Tours and guided by my good friend Kevin Easley of Costa Rica Gateway, we enjoyed 13 days of widely varied habitats from treeless (cold!) páramo to humid lowland rainforests.

The group was composed of six Alberta birders, three Minnesotans and one from Colorado. All but one were friends of mine, and three had been in Costa Rica with me before. I’d worked with Kevin Easley on many prior tours, in Costa Rica and elsewhere. He and I designed this itinerary to give us maximum bird diversity, physical comfort and reasonable pace. Here’s our story. (Only a few birds are included in each day’s narrative – entire list follows separately.)

January 14    I arrive in San José and spend several days trying to add to my country list. Blustery winds and rain are a daily challenge, luckily ending just before our group arrives.

January 21    It’s “pretrip” day for Ben, Dave, Bob and his son Mike. Kevin picks us up at Hotel Orquídeas and we drive up through coffee and flower-growing plantations to Volcán Poás. The sky is clear, the view is fine, and we spot some birds: Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher, Yellow-thighed and Large-footed Finch, Black-cheeked Warbler. At a stop on the way down we find Highland Tinamou and catch a fleeting look at a Barred Forest-Falcon. At La Paz Waterfall Gardens we see Bronzy Hermit, Magenta-throated Woodstar and Slaty Flowerpiercer. Overnight Hotel Bougainvillea.

January 22    Everyone’s up and birding the hotel grounds at 6am; from the tower Kevin finds us both Prevost’s and White-eared Ground-Sparrows and we see our first Blue-crowned Motmot. After breakfast we meet our affable driver Shampu, load the Coaster bus and head for the Pacific lowlands. A stop at the Orotina town square gives us a pair of Black-and-white Owls, residents here. At the Rio Tarcoles bridge we admire a number of crocodiles, and then drive on a couple miles for a quick stop at the Carara National Park entrance. In the afternoon boat operator Luis takes us on a delightful cruise of the river mouth area and mangrove forest; we spot our only Double-striped Thick-knee, an uncommon Southern Lapwing and – rarest of all – a knockout close Agami Heron. Panama and Northern Scrub-Flycatchers, both mangrove specialties, are also seen. We overnight at the comfortable Hotel Villa Lapas.

January 23    At early dawn we’ve no electricity, so Jay and I venture out early and spot a low-flying Short-tailed Nighthawk. We bus to the River Trail at Carara NP, return for breakfast, then try the Headquarters Trail. After lunch and a rest break we return to the Figure Eight Trail and the manakin pools. Carara, one of the finest birding sites in the country, gives us (among others) Great Tinamou, our only Double-toothed Kite, Black Hawk-Eagle, several iconic Scarlet Macaws, Spectacled Owl, Baird’s Trogon and a very special Streak-chested Antpitta. Cedric finds us a White-whiskered Puffbird and Laura comes up with a Golden-crowned Spadebill. The magical pools yield Blue-crowned and Red-capped Manakins, White-shouldered Tanager and Orange-billed Sparrow. O/N Punta Leona Resort.

January 24    On the hotel grounds a Three-wattled Bellbird bongs in the distance but remains hidden. We walk trails through the Tarcoles mangrove forest and visit the Carara NP entrance, finding Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet, Masked Tityra, Long-tailed Manakin, “Mangrove” Warbler, Mangrove Vireo, White-lored Gnatcatcher. An afternoon drive north to Guacimo, a deciduous dry-forest habitat, gives us a nice assortment of raptors: Plumbeous Kite, Collared Forest-Falcon (super look), Yellow-headed Caracara, Laughing Falcon; plus several White-throated Magpie-Jays and a close King Vulture. At dinner we’re entertained by a family of capuchin monkeys and a huge iguana on a nearby tree. After dark our nightbird search brings us a perched Barn Owl near Jaco. O/N Punta Leona.

January 25    Our early walk through the resort property turns up Crested Guan, Steely-vented Hummingbird, Slaty-tailed Trogon, Fiery-billed Aracari, Riverside Wren and Yellow-crowned Euphonia. After loading up we head down the coast. South of Jaco we find a rare American Wigeon, and a White Hawk is spotted on the way to Quepos (where we pick up lunch supplies). We bump along the coast road to Dominical, leave the soaring frigatebirds and turn uphill toward San Isidro. On our way to Talari Mountain Lodge we find Tawny-crowned Greenlet, Scaled Pigeon and a pair of Turquoise Cotingas. We O/N at the slightly funky Talari Lodge (altitude 660m/2200ft) and note a skulking Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush on the grounds before supper.

January 26    Early on the lodge grounds we turn up a pair of Pearl Kites, Gray-necked Wood-Rail, Snowy-bellied Hummingbird, Olivaceous Piculet, Cherrie’s Tanager. Along a back road near San Isidro Kevin stops to encourage a Smooth-billed Ani into the open, and finds a Tropical Screech-Owl roosting in a fence post (weird!). A bit farther along a local woman points out a nesting Long-billed Starthroat, and several Fork-tailed Flycatchers wing over a field. Swallow-tailed Kites glide overhead as we pull into Vista del Valle for lunch. Their feeders bring us Violet Sabrewing (abundant), White-tailed Emerald and Speckled Tanager. Higher up at Georgina’s Roadhouse on the PanAmerican Highway we watch Green Violet-ear, Fiery-throated and Magificent Hummingbirds plus a couple Sooty Robins. Stops along the road down to Savegre Lodge (“Chacon’s”, altitude 2200m/7200ft) yield Spot-crowned Woodcreeper, Mountain Elaenia, Flame-throated Warbler. O/N Savegre Lodge, a lovely mountain retreat.

January 27    In bright sunshine and crisp air we bird around the lodge and the feeders, pause for breakfast, then walk the Waterfall Trail. Later in the day Kevin takes us along the entrance road. A few of today’s sightings are Sulphur-winged Parakeet, an Olive-striped Flycatcher found by Dave, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Ochraceous Wren and Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher. Feeder birds include Volcano and Scintillant Hummingbirds and Gray-tailed Mountain-gem, and Slaty Flowerpiercers work the blossoms. Three pairs of Resplendent Quetzals are simply breathtaking. An evening attempt for a Dusky Nightjar is highly successful when one lands just a few feet from us. O/N Savegre Lodge (yummy desserts here).

January 28    Mercifully we’re transported up the trail to the primary rainforest reserve (a climb of over 1000 feet). We add Ruddy Pigeon, Buffy Tuftedcheek, Ruddy Treerunner, Black-cheeked Warbler and Golden-browed Chlorophonia. A Spotted Wood-Quail crosses cautiously in front of us. Kevin shows us copulating Costa Rican Pygmy-Owls and several Silvery-throated Jays, two outstanding highlands specialties. Later we explore the treeless, chilly páramo habitat (3400m/11,000ft) on the Tower Road. In light rain, fog and thin air we manage to find Timberline Wren, Peg-billed Finch and Volcano Junco. O/N Savegre Lodge.

January 29    After breakfast we load up and drive north along the PanAmerican Highway to Providencia Road. This productive highlands habitat gives us Streak-breasted Treehunter, Silvery-fronted Tapaculo (heard), Barred Becard, Mountain Robin, Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher, Large-footed Finch; and Kevin patiently coaxes out a secretive Wrenthrush. On our way to La Selva we stop at the Cinchona “Restaurante”. At these marvelous feeders we add Green Hermit, Green Thorntail, White-bellied Mountain-gem and Green-crowned Brilliant. Red-headed and Prong-billed Barbets hang out at the banana platform and a pair of Blue-throated Toucanets perch close by. On our way to La Selva our driver Shampu spots a Black Guan, and after supper we listen to the call of a Mottled Owl. O/N in comfortable quarters at the famed La Selva Biological Station.

January 30    At dawn we’re gathered near a yard light, watching birds feeding on attracted insects. Fasciated Antshrike, Bright-rumped Attila and an oblivious Great Curassow pair are a few. Others spotted on the grounds and trails include Green Ibis, a perched Semiplumbeous Hawk, Western Long-tailed Hermit, Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer, a Chestnut-colored Woodpecker pair, Rufous Mourner, Cinnamon Becard, male Snowy Cotinga, Long-billed Gnatwren, Blue Dacnis, Chestnut-headed Oropendola. Little Tinamou is heard-only. Shampu takes us south to Rio San José and we pick up Fasciated Tiger-Heron and Buff-rumped Warbler. We finish the busy, birdy day at El Tigre Marsh with White-tailed Kite, Gray-crowned Yellowthroat and Nicaraguan Seed-Finch. O/N La Selva.

January 31
    Early-birding the grounds is productive today. In addition to several noisy Red-throated Ant-Tanagers near our cabins, we spot Gray-headed Kite, Blue-chested Hummingbird, Violaceous Trogon, White-ringed Flycatcher. Then we’re off to La Virgen del Socorro road, but make two stops on the way. The first is Pozo Azul for Crimson-fronted and Olive-throated Parakeets and Giant Cowbirds, and the second is Laguna de la Luna (Slaty-Spinetail after some effort, and Nimali finds us a White-throated Flycatcher). It’s a fine day at La Virgen, and we see Barred Hawk, White-necked Jacobin, Smoky-brown Woodpecker, Plain Xenops, Brown-billed Scythebill, Torrent Tyrannulet, Blue-and-gold Tanager, our only Scarlet-thighed Dacnis, Sooty-faced Finch and a Shining Honeycreeper thanks to Ben. At Cinchona we find Brown Violet-ear, Black-bellied Hummingbird and the endemic Coppery-headed Emerald (14 hummers today). At dusk we prowl La Selva trails, listen to a reluctant Vermiculated Screech-Owl and watch a vocal Great Potoo wing overhead. It’s our biggest day with over 150 species tallied. O/N La Selva and sleep well.

February 1    We make the most of our last shot at La Selva: Gray-headed Chachalaca, Ruddy Quail-Dove, Spot-fronted Swift, Pied Puffbird, Collared Aracari, Wedge-billed Woodcreeper, Long-tailed Tyrant (exactly where I saw my first 16 years ago), Black-headed Saltator, Yellow-tailed Oriole, Scarlet-rumped Cacique and a striking Crimson-collared Tanager. We drive a decent highway to La Fortuna, a busy tourist town near Volcán Arenal, and on to Arenal Observatory Lodge. Along the way we find Brown-hooded and Mealy Parrots, and near Fortuna we finally locate a couple foraging Tropical Mockingbirds. The lodge feeders attract Yellow-throated and Olive-back Euphonias and Golden-hooded Tanagers, and we note a hovering Stripe-throated Hermit. The grounds are meticulously landscaped and the facilities are first-class; our rooms face the active volcano, although clouds obscure our view. Jay says “I might bring my wife here.” O/N Arenal Observatory Lodge.

February 2    Kevin prepares early coffee on the deck. In the garden a Band-tailed Barbthroat displays beautifully, a Black-crested Coquette feeds on the verbena and we watch an uncommon White-throated Robin searching for breakfast. The day’s “best” bird is a rare Rufous-winged Tanager. On the Hanging Bridges trails we find Broad-billed and Rufous Motmots, Streak-crowned Antvireo, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Common Tody-Flycatcher, Song Wren (great view) and Montezuma Oropendola. An Ornate Hawk-Eagle shows well for us, and a vagrant Hooded Warbler is my 747th country bird (muchas gracias, Kevin). From our lunch vantage point we watch huge belched-up boulders crashing down the flank of Volcan Arenal. On the Waterfall Trail we hear the melody of the Nightingale Wren; most of us get a decent look at this secretive singer. Those who persevere find a Green-fronted Lancebill near the falls. We also pick up Violet-crowned Woodnymph, Purple-crowned Fairy, Russet Antshrike and Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher. It’s hard to believe that our adventure is almost over. O/N Arenal Observatory Lodge.

February 3    The climate in this part of the Caribbean lowlands is generally pleasant --the lodge is just high enough for comfortable days and cool evenings. But early morning today it’s drizzly and windy, the first time weather has interfered with our birding. We check the garden, then take the road near Lake Arenal. For a travel day we do see some birds: Muscovy Duck (distant on the lake), a shy White-throated Crake, Gray-chested Dove, Violet-headed Hummingbird, Keel-billed and Chestnut-mandibled Toucans, Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner, a female Great Antshrike, Bicolored and Spotted Antbirds, Black-throated Wren, Emerald and Bay-headed Tanagers, Yellow-billed Cacique. As we’re driving along the lake road Kevin leaps to his feet and shouts “Crested Owl!” We quietly exit the bus and there it is, perched right over the road. We are treated to a first-class view of a secretive bird that normally inhabits dark forest. Following lunch in La Fortuna Shampu points the Coaster toward San José. We manage to pick up a Plain Wren at a gift-shop stop along the way. Nice words are spoken at our final dinner. O/N Hotel Bougainvillea.

February 4    Fly home, happy and tired.

Mammals recorded include Hoffman’s two-toed sloth, tent-making bat, mantled howler monkey, white-faced capuchin, spider monkey, variegated squirrel, red-tailed squirrel, Central American agouti, white-nosed coati, collared peccary. Other life forms seen are Central American crocodile, green iguana, spiny-tailed iguana, basilisk lizard, emerald swift lizard, house gecko, pug-nosed anole, green tree anole, slender anole, olive tree frog, marine toad, fer-de-lance (dead), leafcutter ant, bullet ant, army ant, bess beetle, sphinx moth, helicopter damselfly, blue morpho and other butterflies.


The accompanying list of over 470 species represents birds recorded on this trip, including several heard only. For most of them I’ve indicated one or more locations, usually including our initial sighting. More common species are marked daily, almost daily, frequently, or several.

473 species
(birds seen on 21 January pretrip only marked with *)

Great Tinamou – Carara NP, La Selva
*Highland Tinamou – near Poás NP
Little Tinamou – heard Punta Leona, La Selva

Least Grebe – pond near Jaco
Pied-billed Grebe – Lake Arenal

Brown Pelican – Pacific coast

Neotropic Cormorant – Rio Tarcoles, coastal

Anhinga – Rio Tarcoles, Lake Arenal

Magnificent Frigatebird – Pacific coast

Great Blue Heron – frequently
Great Egret – frequently
Tricolored Heron – Rio Tarcoles
Little Blue Heron – Rio Tarcoles
Snowy Egret – Rio Tarcoles
Cattle Egret – almost daily
Green Heron – Rio Tarcoles
Agami Heron – Rio Tarcoles, rare
Black-crowned Night-Heron – Rio Tarcoles
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron – Rio Tarcoles
Boat-billed Heron – Rio Tarcoles
Bare-throated Tiger-Heron – Rio Tarcoles
Fasciated Tiger-Heron – Rio San José

Wood Stork – Rio Tarcoles

Green Ibis – La Selva
White Ibis – Rio Tarcoles
Roseate Spoonbill – Rio Tarcoles

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck – near Jaco
Muscovy Duck – Lake Arenal
American Wigeon – female near Jaco, uncommon
Blue-winged Teal – near Jaco

Black Vulture – daily (“bingo” bird)
Turkey Vulture – daily
King Vulture – Carara, Guacimo

Osprey – frequently

Gray-headed Kite – several times
Swallow-tailed Kite – near San Isidro
Pearl Kite – pair Talari Lodge
White-tailed Kite – near San Isidro, El Tigre
Double-toothed Kite – Carara NP
Plumbeous Kite – Rio Tarcoles, Guacimo
Barred Hawk – La Virgen
Semiplumbeous Hawk – La Selva
White Hawk – La Virgen, Arenal
Mangrove Black-Hawk – Rio Tarcoles
Harris's Hawk – SE of La Fortuna
Gray Hawk – Carara, seen frequently
Roadside Hawk – near San Isidro
Broad-winged Hawk – seen frequently
Short-tailed Hawk – seen several times
Zone-tailed Hawk – Carara, Puerto Viejo
Red-tailed Hawk – Savegre road, several
Black Hawk-Eagle – Carara, immature
Ornate Hawk-Eagle – La Virgen, Arenal

Crested Caracara – seen frequently
Yellow-headed Caracara – Rio Tarcoles
Laughing Falcon – seen frequently
*Barred Forest-Falcon – near Poás NP
Collared Forest-Falcon – Guacimo
*Merlin – Hotel Orquídeas
Bat Falcon – La Selva
Peregrine Falcon – Rio Tarcoles

Gray-headed Chachalaca – La Selva
Crested Guan – Punta Leona, frequently
Black Guan – way to La Selva
Great Curassow – close pair, La Selva

Spotted Wood-Quail – Savegre Lodge

White-throated Crake – Arenal
Gray-necked Wood-Rail – Talari Lodge
Purple Gallinule – Rio Tarcoles

Northern Jacana – seen frequently

Black-necked Stilt – Rio Tarcoles, Jaco

Double-striped Thick-knee – Rio Tarcoles

Southern Lapwing – Rio Tarcoles
Black-bellied Plover – Rio Tarcoles
Semipalmated Plover – Rio Tarcoles

Whimbrel – Rio Tarcoles
Solitary Sandpiper – near Jaco
Spotted Sandpiper – Rio Tarcoles, several
Willet – Rio Tarcoles
Ruddy Turnstone – Rio Tarcoles
Western Sandpiper – Rio Tarcoles
Least Sandpiper – Rio tarcoles

Laughing Gull – Quepos

Sandwich Tern – Quepos
Royal Tern – Quepos

Rock Dove – seen frequently
Scaled Pigeon – near San Isidro
Band-tailed Pigeon – Savegre, several
Pale-vented Pigeon – La Selva
Red-billed Pigeon – seen frequently
Short-billed Pigeon – La Selva
Ruddy Pigeon – Savegre trails
*Mourning Dove – near Heredia (Dave)
White-winged Dove – several days
Common Ground-Dove – Guacimo
Ruddy Ground-Dove – seen frequently
Inca Dove – seen several days
Blue Ground-Dove – Tarcoles, heard
White-tipped Dove – seen several times
Gray-chested Dove – Carara, several times
Ruddy Quail-Dove – Carara, La Selva

Scarlet Macaw – Carara NP, La Selva
Crimson-fronted Parakeet – Tarcoles, Pozo Azul
Olive-throated Parakeet – Pozo Azul
Sulphur-winged Parakeet – Savegre
Orange-chinned Parakeet – seen frequently
Brown-hooded Parrot – Savegre, La Fortuna
White-crowned Parrot – Arenal, several
White-fronted Parrot – Rio Tarcoles
Red-lored Parrot – Arenal, several
Yellow-naped Parrot – Rio Tarcoles
Mealy Parrot – La Selva

Squirrel Cuckoo – seen frequently
Smooth-billed Ani – near San Isidro
Groove-billed Ani – seen frequently
Striped Cuckoo – Guacimo heard

Barn Owl – night near Jaco

Tropical Screech-Owl – near San Isidro in post
Vermiculated Screech-Owl – La Selva heard
Mottled Owl – La Selva heard
Black-and-white Owl – pair Orotina
Crested Owl – near Lake Arenal, rare
Spectacled Owl – Carara NP
Costa Rican Pygmy-Owl – pair Savegre, rare
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl – Hotel Bougainvillea

Great Potoo – night La Selva

Short-tailed Nighthawk – Villa Lapas
Lesser Nighthawk – Guacimo
Pauraque – seen, heard frequently
Dusky Nightjar – Savegre

Spot-fronted Swift – La Selva
White-collared Swift – seen frequently
Gray-rumped Swift – La Selva
Vaux's Swift – seen several times
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift – La Selva

*Bronzy Hermit – La Paz Gardens
Band-tailed Barbthroat – La Selva, Arenal
Green Hermit – Cinchona
Western Long-tailed Hermit – Carara, La Selva
Stripe-throated Hermit – Arenal
Green-fronted Lancebill – Arenal waterfall
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird – Carara, Talari
Violet Sabrewing – Vista del Valle, several
White-necked Jacobin – La Virgen, Arenal
Brown Violet-ear – Cinchona
Green Violet-ear – Georgina’s, Savegre
Green-breasted Mango – Guacimo
Violet-headed Hummingbird – Arenal
Black-crested Coquette – Arenal
Green Thorntail – Cinchona
Fiery-throated Hummingbird – Georgina’s
White-tailed Emerald – Vista del Valle
Coppery-headed Emerald – Cinchona
Black-bellied Hummingbird – Cinchona
Violet-crowned Woodnymph – La Selva, Arenal
Blue-throated Goldentail – Carara, several
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird – almost daily
Cinnamon Hummingbird – Guacimo
Blue-chested Hummingbird – La Selva
Steely-vented Hummingbird – Villa Lapas
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird – Talari Lodge
Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer – La Selva
White-bellied Mountain-gem – Cinchona
Gray-tailed Mountain-gem – Savegre
Green-crowned Brilliant – Cinchona
Magnificent Hummingbird – Savegre
Purple-crowned Fairy – La Virgen, Arenal
Plain-capped Starthroat – Guacimo
Long-billed Starthroat – near San Isidro
*Magenta-throated Woodstar – La Paz Gardens
Ruby-throated Hummingbird – Guacimo
Scintillant Hummingbird – Savegre
Volcano Hummingbird – Savegre

Black-headed Trogon – Guacimo
Baird's Trogon – Carara NP
Violaceous Trogon – La Selva
Collared Trogon – La Virgen
Black-throated Trogon – La Selva
Slaty-tailed Trogon – Punta Leona
Resplendent Quetzal – Savegre Lodge

Belted Kingfisher – Pacific coastal
Ringed Kingfisher – Talari Lodge
Amazon Kingfisher – Rio Tarcoles
Green Kingfisher – Rio Tarcoles
American Pygmy Kingfisher – Rio Tarcoles

Blue-crowned Motmot – Hotel Bougainvillea
Rufous Motmot – Arenal
Broad-billed Motmot – Arenal
Turquoise-browed Motmot – Guacimo

Rufous-tailed Jacamar – Carara, La Selva

Pied Puffbird – La Selva
White-whiskered Puffbird – Carara NP

Red-headed Barbet – Cinchona
Prong-billed Barbet – Cinchona

Blue-throated Toucanet -- Cinchona
Collared Aracari – La Selva, several
Fiery-billed Aracari – Punta Leona, Talari
Keel-billed Toucan – La Selva, several
Chestnut-mandibled Toucan – Carara, several

Olivaceous Piculet – Talari Lodge
Acorn Woodpecker – Savegre Lodge
Black-cheeked Woodpecker – La Selva. several
Red-crowned Woodpecker – Talari Lodge
Hoffmann's Woodpecker – Carara NP
Hairy Woodpecker – Savegre Lodge
Smoky-brown Woodpecker – La Virgen
Rufous-winged Woodpecker – La Selva
Golden-olive Woodpecker – La Virgen
Cinnamon Woodpecker – La Selva
Chestnut-colored Woodpecker – La Selva
Lineated Woodpecker – La Selva
Pale-billed Woodpecker – Carara NP

Slaty Spinetail – Laguna de la Luna
Red-faced Spinetail – La Virgen
Ruddy Treerunner – Savegre Lodge
Plain Xenops – Carara NP, La Virgen
Buffy Tuftedcheek – Savegre Lodge
Streak-breasted Treehunter – Providencia Road
Lineated Foliage-gleaner – Savegre Lodge
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner – Arenal

Olivaceous Woodcreeper – La Virgen
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper – La Selva
Northern Barred-Woodcreeper – La Selva
Cocoa Woodcreeper – Carara NP, several
Spotted Woodcreeper – La Virgen
Streak-headed Woodcreeper – Carara, several
Spot-crowned Woodcreeper – Savegre Lodge
Brown-billed Scythebill – La Virgen

Fasciated Antshrike – La Selva
Great Antshrike – Arenal
Barred Antshrike – pair Tarcoles forest
Black-hooded Antshrike – pair Carara NP
Western Slaty-Antshrike – La Selva
Russet Antshrike – La Virgen, Arenal
Streak-crowned Antvireo – Arenal
Dot-winged Antwren – Carara NP
Dusky Antbird – Carara NP
Chestnut-backed Antbird – Carara, several
Bicolored Antbird – Arenal
Spotted Antbird – Arenal

Black-faced Antthrush – Carara NP
Streak-chested Antpitta – Carara NP
Thicket Antpitta – Arenal

Silvery-fronted Tapaculo – Savegre heard

Rufous Piha – Carara NP heard
Turquoise Cotinga – pair near San Isidro
Snowy Cotinga – m&f La Selva
Three-wattled Bellbird – Punta Leona heard

White-collared Manakin – poor look La Selva
Orange-collared Manakin – on lek Carara NP
White-ruffed Manakin – female La Virgen
Long-tailed Manakin – Carara(?)
Blue-crowned Manakin – Carara pools
Red-capped Manakin – Carara pools

Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet – Tarcoles forest
Yellow Tyrannulet – Talari Lodge
Greenish Elaenia – Tarcoles forest
Yellow-bellied Elaenia – Quepos, several
Lesser Elaenia – near San Isidro
Mountain Elaenia – Savegre, several
Torrent Tyrannulet – Savegre, La Virgen
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher – Carara, La Selva
Olive-striped Flycatcher – Savegre Lodge
Slaty-capped Flycatcher – La Virgen
Rufous-browed Tyrannulet – La Virgen
Paltry Tyrannulet – Talari, several
Northern Scrub-Flycatcher – Rio Tarcoles
Black-capped Pygmy-Tyrant – La Selva
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant – Arenal heard
Northern Bentbill – Carara NP
Slate-headed Tody-Tyrant – Carara NP
Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher – La Selva heard
Common Tody-Flycatcher – frequently
Yellow-olive Flycatcher – Carara, La Virgen
Yellow-margined Flycatcher – La Selva
Golden-crowned Spadebill – Carara NP
Northern Royal-Flycatcher – a few see, Carara
Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher – Arenal
Tufted Flycatcher – Savegre Lodge
Olive-sided Flycatcher – La Virgen
Dark Pewee – Savegre Lodge
Tropical Pewee – Arenal
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher – Carara NP heard
White-throated Flycatcher – Laguna de la Luna
Yellowish Flycatcher – Savegre Lodge
Black-capped Flycatcher – highlands
Black Phoebe – Rio San José
Long-tailed Tyrant – La Selva
Bright-rumped Attila – La Selva
Rufous Mourner – Carara NP, La Selva
Dusky-capped Flycatcher – Tarcoles forest
Panama Flycatcher – Rio Tarcoles
Nutting's Flycatcher – Tarcoles forest
Great Crested Flycatcher – Carara, several
Brown-crested Flycatcher – Tarcoles forest
Great Kiskadee – almost daily
Boat-billed Flycatcher – frequently
Social Flycatcher – frequently
Gray-capped Flycatcher – Carara, several
White-ringed Flycatcher – La Selva
Golden-bellied Flycatcher – Savegre Lodge
Streaked Flycatcher – Tarcoles forest
Piratic Flycatcher – Talari Lodge
Tropical Kingbird – daily
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher – Guacimo
Fork-tailed Flycatcher – near San Isidro
Thrush-like Schiffornis – Carara pools
Barred Becard – Savegre, Arenal
Cinnamon Becard – La Selva
White-winged Becard – Talari, La Selva
Rose-throated Becard – Carara NP
Masked Tityra – Talari, La Selva
Black-crowned Tityra – La Selva

Gray-breasted Martin – Orotina, frequently
Mangrove Swallow – coastal, frequently
Blue-and-white Swallow – almost daily
Northern Rough-winged Swallow – Tarcoles
Southern Rough-winged Swallow – La Selva
Barn Swallow – Guacimo, several

Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher – Providencia
Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher -- Savegre

American Dipper – La Virgen

Band-backed Wren – La Selva, Arenal
Rufous-naped Wren – Tarcoles area
Black-throated Wren – La Selva
Rufous-breasted Wren – Carara NP
Riverside Wren – Carara, Punta Leona
Bay Wren – La Selva heard
Stripe-breasted Wren – La Selva, Arenal
Rufous-and-white Wren – Carara NP
Plain Wren – SE of La Fortuna
“Southern” House Wren – Talari, Arenal
Ochraceous Wren – Savegre, La Virgen
Timberline Wren – Tower Road
White-breasted Wood-Wren – Arenal
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren – Savegre
Nightingale Wren – Arenal
Song Wren – Arenal

Tropical Mockingbird – La Fortuna

Black-faced Solitaire – Savegre Lodge
Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush – Talari
Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush – Savegre
Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush – Savegre
Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush – Arenal
Wood Thrush – Carara, La Selva
Sooty Robin – Georgina’s, Savegre
Mountain Robin – Savegre Lodge
Clay-colored Robin – daily
White-throated Thrush – Arenal Lodge

Long-billed Gnatwren – Carara NP
White-lored Gnatcatcher – Carara NP
Tropical Gnatcatcher – Carara, Punta Leona

White-throated Magpie-Jay – Guacimo, Arenal
Brown Jay – Villa Lapas
Silvery-throated Jay – Savegre, rare

Mangrove Vireo – Tarcoles forest
Yellow-throated Vireo – Savegre, Arenal
Yellow-winged Vireo – Savegre Lodge
Warbling Vireo – La Virgen, rare
Brown-capped Vireo – Savegre Lodge
Philadelphia Vireo – Talari Lodge
Yellow-green Vireo – Talari Lodge
Scrub Greenlet – Talari Lodge
Tawny-crowned Greenlet – Punta Leona
Lesser Greenlet – Carara NP, La Selva
Green Shrike-Vireo – Carara NP heard
Rufous-browed Peppershrike – Savegre

Golden-winged Warbler – Talari, La Virgen
Tennessee Warbler – almost daily
Flame-throated Warbler – Savegre Lodge
Tropical Parula – Arenal Lodge
Yellow Warbler – Rio Tarcoles
Mangrove Warbler – Rio Tarcoles
Chestnut-sided Warbler – frequently
Black-throated Green Warbler – Talari, Savegre
Townsend's Warbler – Savegre Lodge
Blackburnian Warbler – La Virgen(?)
*Palm Warbler – Hotel Orquídeas
Black-and-white Warbler – frequently
American Redstart – Rio Tarcoles
Prothonotary Warbler – Rio Tarcoles
Northern Waterthrush – Rio Tarcoles
Mourning Warbler – Talari Lodge
Olive-crowned Yellowthroat – Laguna de la Luna
Gray-crowned Yellowthroat – El Tigre marsh
Hooded Warbler – Arenal
Wilson's Warbler – frequently
Slate-throated Redstart – La Virgen
Collared Redstart – Savegre Lodge
Black-cheeked Warbler – Savegre Lodge
Buff-rumped Warbler – La Selva, Arenal
Wrenthrush – Providencia Road

Bananaquit – frequently

Common Bush-Tanager – Savegre Lodge
Sooty-capped Bush-Tanager – Savegre Lodge
Olive Tanager – Arenal Lodge
Gray-headed Tanager – Carara NP
White-shouldered Tanager – Carara pools
Red-throated Ant-Tanager – La Selva
Hepatic Tanager – Arenal feeders
Summer Tanager – almost daily
Western Tanager – Pacific coastal
Flame-colored Tanager – Savegre Lodge
Crimson-collared Tanager – La Selva, Arenal
Passerini's Tanager – frequently
Cherrie's Tanager – Talari Lodge
Blue-gray Tanager – daily
Palm Tanager – frequently
Blue-and-gold Tanager – La Virgen
Scrub Euphonia – Carara NP
Yellow-crowned Euphonia – Punta Leona
Yellow-throated Euphonia – Arenal
Olive-backed Euphonia – Arenal
Tawny-capped Euphonia – La Virgen
Golden-browed Chlorophonia – Savegre
Plain-colored Tanager – La Selva
Emerald Tanager – Arenal
Silver-throated Tanager – frequently
Speckled Tanager – Vista del Valle
Bay-headed Tanager – Talari Lodge
Rufous-winged Tanager – Arenal, rare
Golden-hooded Tanager – frequently
Spangle-cheeked Tanager – Savegre
Scarlet-thighed Dacnis – La Virgen
Blue Dacnis – La Selva
Green Honeycreeper – frequently

Shining Honeycreeper – La Virgen
Red-legged Honeycreeper – frequently

Blue-black Grassquit – near San Isidro
Variable Seedeater – frequently
White-collared Seedeater – Guacimo
Nicaraguan Seed-Finch – El Tigre Marsh
Yellow-faced Grassquit – Vista del Valle
Peg-billed Finch – Tower Road
Slaty Flowerpiercer – Savegre Lodge
Sooty-faced Finch – La Virgen
Yellow-thighed Finch – Savegre Lodge
Large-footed Finch – Georgina’s
Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch – Vista del Valle

Orange-billed Sparrow – Carara ponds
Black-striped Sparrow – Talari, Arenal
Prevost's Ground-Sparrow – Hotel Bouginvillea
White-eared Ground-Sparrow – Bougainvillea
Stripe-headed Sparrow – Guacimo
Rufous-collared Sparrow – frequently
Volcano Junco – Georgina’s

Streaked Saltator – Talari Lodge
Grayish Saltator – Hotel Bougainvillea
Buff-throated Saltator – Talari, several
Black-headed Saltator – La Selva
Slate-colored Grosbeak – Arenal heard
Black-thighed Grosbeak – Savegre
Rose-breasted Grosbeak – frequently
Blue-black Grosbeak – Carara NP
Blue Grosbeak – Guacimo
Indigo Bunting – Talari Lodge
Painted Bunting – Talari Lodge

Red-winged Blackbird – Rio Tarcoles
Eastern Meadowlark – Guacimo
Melodious Blackbird – La Selva, several
Great-tailed Grackle – almost daily
Bronzed Cowbird – Pozo Azul
Giant Cowbird – Pozo Azul
Yellow-tailed Oriole – La Selva
Baltimore Oriole – daily
Orchard Oriole – Guacimo
Black-cowled Oriole – La Selva
Yellow-billed Cacique – La Selva
Scarlet-rumped Cacique – La Selva
Chestnut-headed Oropendola – La Selva
Montezuma Oropendola – La Selva, Arenal

Yellow-bellied Siskin

House Sparrow

Additional birds noted January 15 – 19 by Mike
Ring-necked Duck
Lesser Scaup
Cooper’s Hawk
Black-breasted Wood-Quail
Blue-headed Parrot
Chestnut-collared Swift
Purple-throated Mountain-gem
Yellow-eared Toucanet
Spotted Barbtail
Streaked Xenops
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner
Plain-brown Woodcreeper
Plain Antvireo
Slaty Antwren
Dull-mantled Antbird
Immaculate Antbird
Black-headed Antthrush
Scaled Antpitta
Ochre-breasted Antpitta
White-crowned Manakin
Eye-ringed Flatbill
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher
Tawny-chested Flycatcher
Black-and-white Becard
Tawny-faced Gnatwren
Azure-hooded Jay
Louisiana Waterthrush
Golden-crowned Warbler
Rufous-capped Warbler
Three-striped Warbler
Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager
Black-and-yellow Tanager
White-lined Tanager
Elegant Euphonia
White-naped Brush-Finch
Black-faced Grosbeak

Mike Mulligan    
Calgary  Alberta  Canada

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