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31 July - 19 August 2007

by David Bell

Observers David Bell (July 31 – Aug 19), Dan Cooper (Aug 12 – Aug 19)  Guides: Rick Morales (Cana), Ken Allaire (Nusagandi, Bayano, El Valle)

Areas covered: Panama City area (briefly), Cana, Nusagandi, Lake Bayano, El Valle, and Boquete, plus several stops along in the Interamericana highway.

Best Birds There were lots of good birds, but nothing that was truly rare.  Cana: Green Manikin.  Boquete: Sepia-capped Flycatcher.

Summary I was curious to see what the rainy season (“winter” to a Panamanian) would be like, after two trips in January.  My experience was that this is a great time of year to visit, perhaps better than a dry-season visit.    My species total for the trip was 455, not counting birds that were heard but not seen.  I suspect that I would have seen slightly more species overall, but slightly fewer Neotropical species in the dry season.

I also wanted to see parts of the country that I had missed on previous trips.  If I had to pick a favorite, it would definitely be Cana.  Cana is fantastic for birding.  It is expensive: $1500 for 5 days.

The advantages of a rainy season visit include: First, there was less “background noise” from northing migrants, allowing me to focus on tropical birds.  I saw only 2 northern migrants other than shorebirds:  Purple Martin and Orchard Oriole.  Second, birding facilities are virtually deserted at this time of year, which translates to easy booking and lower costs for hotels and guides.  Remarkably, I encountered not a single birder in 19 field days in Panama’s top spots.

Panama: Panama is a very easy country to get around in.  People are friendly and helpful.  In tourist areas English is widely spoken; elsewhere it is not but pidgin Spanish and hand signals will get the job done.  The currency is the US dollar.  You can drink water directly from the tap and at restaurants without fear (really, you can); the exceptions to this rule are Bocas del Toro and remote eastern Darien.  The food is not challenging, consisting mostly of non-spicy rice, beans, vegetables, fried fish and chicken.

Weather: The weather was no more of a factor than it was on my prior visits.  On all of my trips, rain has been frequent.   On this trip, I had rain on all but four days.  Most mornings were not rainy.  I experienced just three or four downpours so heavy that they made birding impossible.  In general, weather was not much of a factor because rain tends to occur in what would otherwise be an oppressively hot time of day in the lowlands.  I tried to schedule lunch and longer drives during the mid afternoon in order to minimize the impact of rain.

Equipment, essential and otherwise I’m a fan of traveling light, and the following list is based upon that idea.

1)    Books:
a.    A Bird-finding Guide to Panama by Angehr, Engleman and Engleman.  This book is excellent, especially for a first edition.  Directions to find birding spots are excellent, as are the species accounts.   Areas for improvement: a map of Panama showing all the spots would be helpful in the front; better guidance on how to bird each spot, like the information found in an ABA guide.

b.    A Guide to the Birds of Panama by Ridgely and Gwynne.  I brought Birds of Columbia and didn’t use it, even in Cana (they have a copy there).  A couple of times in Boquete I felt I could have used Birds of Costa Rica.   If I had to do it over again, I would just bring Panama and research other stuff on the web.  It’s a good book.

c.    Ken Allaire’s annotated checklist/birdfinding guide to the Canal area.  This is a the best resource I could find for status and distribution and bird finding in the canal area and is newly published (on the web) this year.  You can download this guide for free (as of the time of this writing).

2)    iPod and Speakers: It is a good idea to study bird voices prior to your trip. is by far the best resource I know of for this purpose.   I did not employ much playback on my trip, but still an iPod + speaker with calls was great to have as a field reference.  Note that Ken Allaire has a nearly complete library of Panamanian bird calls, most of which he recorded himself.

3)    Recording and playback device: I did not bring one and regretted it.  This is a critical tool in Panama.  Ideally, you want a small, lightweight device with a directional mic and wide dynamic range (ie more than just human voice range) that you can use to record and play back sounds.  Without such a device, some species, such as many wrens, are difficult/impossible to see.

4)    Camera.  I’m not a photographer, but I’m glad I brought a camera.  My Sony 10x optical zoom snap and shoot was great for taking record shots.   My recommendation: if you just want record shots, leave the SLR and big lens at home.  If on the other hand you are going to Panama to photograph birds rather than watch them, then load yourself down like a pack mule and go for it!

5)    Clothing: Bring 4-5 days worth of clothes.  It is easy and cheap to get your clothes cleaned.  Don’t bring anything that requires dry cleaning or special treatment.  Every town has a Lavanderia that will wash, dry and fold 3 days worth of clothes for $2-3k.  It will be 10 to 25 times that much in your hotel.

a.    Boots: you want comfortable shoes or flip-flops, hiking boots and ideally a pair of calf-high galoshes.  Note that you will be walking long distances in all of the above (except the flip-flops), so make sure you bring good, thick socks that will keep your feet comfortable even when wet and break in the boots before arrival.  Galoshes are essential at Cana.  The lodge provides pairs, but I was glad I had my own.  The biggest advantage of galoshes is that they ward off chiggers, which are the most significant pest I encountered on my trip.

b.    Long pants:  Forget shorts.  Walking around in Panama requires protection for your legs. I brought two pairs of shorts and didn’t wear them once.  Columbia Sportswear sells excellent, durable, quick-drying pants that are marketed to fishermen.  Lots of pockets.  By the way, leather belts are useless in tropical rain.  Bring something synthetic that won’t turn into a wet noodle in the rain.

c.    Long-sleeve shirts.  Again, regardless of the heat, you need protection for your arms.  Columbia sells some really great fishing shirts called “Omni-shade” that are the most comfortable shirts I have ever encountered.

d.    Rain jacket.  Make sure your jacket is RAINPROOF: It needs to keep you dry in pounding rain that lasts hours.  Something long enough to keep your pants pockets dry is idea.  A friend of mine had a “water resistant” windbreaker and got completely soaked.  By the way: I brought rain pants but never used them.

e.    Hat: you’ll need a hat that protects you from sun and rain.  I personally prefer a broad-brimmed hat, but most people prefer a baseball cap because they interfere less with your directional hearing.

6)    Phone/Blackberry.  It is relatively inexpensive to get your blackberry to work in Panama.  A good signal is available in virtually every town and along the whole length of the InterAmericana Highway.  You may need to buy a new phone that is compatible with world-wide phone systems.  Getting your phone to work in Panama is more difficult and expensive.  I only made a few calls to check my messages – but I sent a ton of emails and text messages.  I would recommend talking to your service provider IN ADVANCE of your trip because this is not something you can do easily once you are in Panama.  I wrapped my Blackberry in saran wrap and it stayed good as new even though I had it on me 100% of the time I was in the field.

7)   Backpack or vest: I experimented with a fisherman’s mesh vest rather than a backpack and liked it.  It is cooler.  I put all my gear in Ziploc bags to keep them dry.  Bring a bunch of Ziplocs.

8)    Water bottles: staying hydrated is a constant battle.  I bought several small plastic water bottles and refilled them each night in my hotel. 

9)    Binoculars: In tropical birding you spend a lot of time looking at mixed flocks moving around the canopy.  Canon Image-stabilized binoculars are unmatched for this purpose.  I brought 15x, but 12x probably would have been more suitable.  Many (most?) people find the Canon IS binoculars to be difficult to use and heavy.  If you don’t like them, then bring your regular high-quality optics.  Note that if you bring these, you can leave the scope at home (see below for more on scopes).

10)    Mosquito repellant: some people go without, but I consider it a necessity.  I brought a mosquito head net but never needed it.

11)    Rite-in-the-rain notebooks or some other way of recording sightings.   The number of species and individuals encountered can be overwhelming, which makes record-keeping in the field both more difficult and more important than at home.   Trying to drink from a firehose is a good analogy.   Keeping up requires diligence.  Some people can keep one or more days of data their heads, but I find that it works best for me to record a species list at each stop.  Otherwise it all runs together, especially on days with multiple stops. I used a note-taking system based on sending emails to myself using my Blackberry.  Rite-in-the-Rain notebooks worked well for Dan.  I personally find it easiest to use the email method and copy the email to .  EZbird recognizes bander’s codes (see Pyle and DeSante  for bander’s codes) and 6-letter codes and full species names.  I get an email back from EZBird within 5 minutes containing an ebird-formatted excel file.  See for details.  See above for more on Blackberries.

Optional or nice-to-have items:

1)    Flashlight:  For owling, super-bright police flashlights are great.  For getting around in the dark, something much smaller and lighter works better.  I personally prefer to not bring a small flashlight and instead use the light from my blackberry screen to get around in the dark.  It is more than adequate for that purpose.

2)    4WD: If you plan to explore back roads in the rainy season, which we did, then a four-wheel drive vehicle is essential.   Angehr et. al. provide great guidance on which locations require 4WD.  Note that many locations do not require 4WD and you can save about 50% on your rental by sticking to 2WD.  You can have a fantastic birding trip in Panama with 2WD.

3)    Computer.  Not necessary, especially if you have a blackberry for email.  If you do bring a computer, bring something small like a 8 or 10 inch notpad.  There are internet cafes everywhere these days and they are cheap.  $0.50 per hour for internet was a typical rate.   Many hotels have free WIFI.

4)    GPS: helpful for keeping track of where you are, especially if you plan to enter your data into ebird.  Mine was too low-end and old (Garmin 210) to work in the forest and I would have appreciated a better unit.  The smaller the better because you will be carrying it many miles.  Water-resistant.  Note: I feel that a GPS unit is a useful safety device in the event that I got lost.  In forested areas, especially in the mountains, navigation by any other method is difficult or impossible for outsiders.  People can and do get seriously lost.  At a minimum, you should have a cheap miniature compass.  If I were going again, I think I would get one of those GPS watches for runners.

5)    Scope: My recommendation is to think seriously about leaving it at home.  If you want to set up on raptors, toucans, trogons, etc and take extended looks, then a scope is great.  I personally was more interested in getting to know the tropical flycatchers, warblers, Thamnophilids, Woodcreepers, etc and for that kind of birding a scope is not useful.  A scope is also one more expensive piece of equipment to worry about in your car or hotel room.  Note that many guides carry scopes.  We did a little shorebirding and scanning fields, but the bottom line is that I was with guides who carried a scope for about 10 days and we encountered zero birds that couldn’t be identified without a scope.  Besides, my 15x Image stabilized binoculars provided looks comparable to what I could see in a scope at lower magnification.

6)    Tent: if you are going to be camping outside in or near forest, then you should bring a hammock tent.  Good hammock tents are available in the US (but not in Panama – I looked) that allow the hammock and mosquito net to be zipped together and also provide protection from rain.  If I had one with me, I would have used it at the high camp on Pirre and at Nusagandi.   After my return I purchased a Hennesey Ultralight and love it.

Places visited: 

Cana:  Cana is incredible for birding and I would recommend it.  Cana is right on the Columbia border, so there are a large number of species for which Cana is the only safe, reliable spot in the AOU area.  Note that all of the interesting birding in Cana requires hiking for 3-10 kilometers each day (much of it on steep, muddy slopes) so people with mobility issues should be aware that they will be limited to birding around camp – and even that can be steep and muddy!   Believe me, you will need to literally crawl up muddy slopes.  There is no communication in or out of Cana.  Make sure you bring enough batteries for all your stuff.  ANCON provides scopes, galoshes (though I was glad I brought my own), bird books and food.  Your clothes will become unrecognizably filthy.  You can wash your own clothes, but getting them to dry was a challenge. 

In five days, we saw over 225 species in Cana, which included many not easily found elsewhere in Panama or the AOU area, such as Pirre Warbler, Pirre Bush-Tanager, Green-naped Tanager, Crimson-bellied Woodpecker, Green Manakin, all four Macaws, etc.  We heard what was probably a Choco Toucan on two occasions but didn’t see it.  I have heard that people have seen over 350 species on 8 day trips.

My guide in Cana was Rick Morales, who was excellent.  Rick is a top-notch guide.  He was a really good guy, knows the birds very well and worked hard to help me 24/7.  I felt incredibly lucky to be one-on-one with him for 5 days in Cana.  Rick has one of the best ears of any birder I have ever met, which is a critical skill anywhere in Panama but especially in Cana.  He is the author of the ANCON Checklist of the Birds of Panama.  I’m sure there are other good guides to Cana, but if you have a chance to go with Rick, take it!

Panama City area:  Ivan’s Ecolodge in Gamboa was great for inexpensive lodging – about $35 per night.  Highly recommended.  It is the closest hotel to Pipeline road.  I walked the first 3 km of Pipeline and hiked one of the streams (use galoshes or just get wet).  My best birding was at the Rainforest Discovery Center which is located about 2.5 km along Pipeline road.  Costa del Este was a great stop for shorebirds, waders and boobies.    I picked up a few Pacific Deciduous forest species on ANCON hill, such as Lance-tailed Manikin.   I tried to visit the Summit ponds on Old Gamboa Road, but got the directions messed up and never made it.  From what I hear they are a great place and I’m sure I would have added 5-10 species to my trip list if I had made it.

Nusagandi and Lake Bayano: My guide for Nusagandi, Bayano, El Valle and points inbetween was Ken Allaire.  Ken has what may be the most authoritative library of recordings of Panamanian birds, including many that he recorded himself.  Ken is extremely knowledgeable about the status and distribution of brids in the Canal area, Nusagandi and El Valle (where he lives).  His excellent annotated checklist/birdfinding guide  is the most authoritative work on this subject that I was able to find and it is excellent (not to mention free!).   Ken is an American living in Panama and an avid lifelong birder, so he is extremely easy to relate to.   He is as passionate about birds as I am, and worked incredibly hard to help me.  If you are planning to be in the Gamboa area or El Valle, you couldn’t do better than to have Ken at your side.

In Nusagandi stayed in the bunkhouse and shared the kitchen with the Kuna staff.  It was extremely primitive – probably too much so – but I’m glad I got the experience and the birding was fantastic.  The Buryabar lodge is the way to go in this area if you can afford it.  Nusagandi/Bayano is one of the best places in Panama to find Xenornis, although we missed it.  Nevertheless, we had lots of eastern Panama birds here, including Black Antshrike, Rufous-winged Antwren, Bare-throated Tiger-Heron and Cocoi Heron.

El Valle: There are lots of good spots in the El Valle / Altos del Maria area, and Ken knows them well since he lives there.  Best birds: Black-capped Antpitta, Snowcap and Sicklebill.  This was the only place I saw Emerald and Black-and-Yellow Tanagers.  I stayed in a cheap hotel, but the best place to stay for birders is the Canopy Lodge if you can afford it.

Boquete: Dan and I were surveying coffee farms, so we spent most of our time in areas not mentioned by  Angehr et al.  We visited Finca Lerida (which is in the book), Finca Las Esmeraldas Jaramillo and Cana Verde areas, Finca Barbara, Finca  and Finca Kotowa.  By far the best birding was at Finca Lerida (which is in Angehr), both because they were the only Finca set up for birding, but also because they had the best forest.  Notable birds at Lerida included Blue Seedeater and Quetzal (common).   Slivery-fronted Tapaculos were abundant although difficult to see. Lerida has beautiful rooms for rent and is highly recommended as the place to stay in Boquete for birders.

Our best “discovery” was the new Kotowa Zipline, which offers good access to higher elevation birds (above 2000m) and elfin forest.  The management and staff of Kotowa was very welcoming of birders and would love to host birders in the future.  They even have a couple of nice cabins for rent. We saw several birds here that we missed elsewhere: Black-and-yellow Silky Flycatcher (common above 1800m), Prong-billed Barbet (common above 1700m), Collared Redstart (common above 1800m), Sooty-headed Bush-Tanager (common above 1900m), Red-tailed Hawk (not seen by me) and Barred Hawk.

List of birds seen (does not include birds heard):

Little Tinamou
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck
Gray-headed Chachalaca
Crested Guan
Black Guan
Crested Bobwhite
Marbled Wood-Quail
Black-eared Wood-Quail
Black-breasted Wood-Quail
Spotted Wood-Quail
Blue-footed Booby
Brown Booby
Brown Pelican
Neotropic Cormorant
Magnificent Frigatebird
Bare-throated Tiger-Heron
Great Blue Heron
Cocoi Heron
Great Egret
Snowy Egret
Little Blue Heron
Tricolored Heron
Cattle Egret
Green Heron
Striated Heron
Black-crowned Night-Heron
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron
White Ibis
Glossy Ibis
Wood Stork
Black Vulture
Turkey Vulture
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture
King Vulture
Gray-headed Kite
Swallow-tailed Kite
Pearl Kite
White-tailed Kite
Snail Kite
Double-toothed Kite
Plumbeous Kite
Bicolored Hawk
Barred Hawk
Semiplumbeous Hawk
White Hawk
Common Black-Hawk
Great Black-Hawk
Savanna Hawk
Roadside Hawk
Short-tailed Hawk
Zone-tailed Hawk
Black Hawk-Eagle
Red-throated Caracara
Crested Caracara
Yellow-headed Caracara
American Kestrel
Aplomado Falcon
Bat Falcon
White-throated Crake
Gray-necked Wood-Rail
Purple Gallinule
Common Moorhen
Southern Lapwing
Black-bellied Plover
Collared Plover
Wilson's Plover
Semipalmated Plover
Black-necked Stilt
Northern Jacana
Wattled Jacana
Spotted Sandpiper
Solitary Sandpiper
Greater Yellowlegs
Marbled Godwit
Semipalmated Sandpiper
Western Sandpiper
Least Sandpiper
Short-billed Dowitcher
Laughing Gull
Franklin's Gull
Gull-billed Tern
Sandwich Tern
Elegant Tern
Rock Pigeon
Pale-vented Pigeon
Scaled Pigeon
Band-tailed Pigeon
Ruddy Pigeon
Plumbeous Pigeon
Short-billed Pigeon
Plain-breasted Ground-Dove
Ruddy Ground-Dove
Blue Ground-Dove
White-tipped Dove
Gray-headed Dove
Gray-chested Dove
Chiriqui Quail-Dove
Russet-crowned Quail-Dove
Violaceous Quail-Dove
Ruddy Quail-Dove
Sulphur-winged Parakeet
Crimson-fronted Parakeet
Olive-throated Parakeet
Brown-throated Parakeet
Chestnut-fronted Macaw
Great Green Macaw
Red-and-green Macaw
Blue-and-yellow Macaw
Orange-chinned Parakeet
Brown-hooded Parrot
Blue-headed Parrot
Red-lored Parrot
Mealy Parrot
Little Cuckoo
Squirrel Cuckoo
Striped Cuckoo
Greater Ani
Smooth-billed Ani
Groove-billed Ani
Tropical Screech-Owl
Spectacled Owl
Mottled Owl
Common Pauraque
Rufous Nightjar
Common Potoo
White-collared Swift
Vaux's Swift
Short-tailed Swift
Band-rumped Swift
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift
Band-tailed Barbthroat
Green Hermit
Long-billed Hermit
Stripe-throated Hermit
White-tipped Sicklebill
Green-fronted Lancebill
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird
Violet Sabrewing
White-necked Jacobin
Brown Violetear
Green Violetear
Violet-headed Hummingbird
Green Thorntail
Garden Emerald
Violet-crowned Woodnymph
Green-crowned Woodnymph
Fiery-throated Hummingbird
Violet-bellied Hummingbird
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird
Blue-chested Hummingbird
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Stripe-tailed Hummingbird
Black-bellied Hummingbird
White-tailed Emerald
White-vented Plumeleteer
White-throated Mountain-gem
Green-crowned Brilliant
Greenish Puffleg
Purple-crowned Fairy
Scintillant Hummingbird
White-tailed Trogon
Orange-bellied Trogon
Black-throated Trogon
Black-tailed Trogon
Slaty-tailed Trogon
Resplendent Quetzal
Tody Motmot
Blue-crowned Motmot
Rufous Motmot
Broad-billed Motmot
Ringed Kingfisher
Amazon Kingfisher
Green Kingfisher
American Pygmy Kingfisher
Barred Puffbird
Black-breasted Puffbird
Pied Puffbird
White-whiskered Puffbird
Gray-cheeked Nunlet
White-fronted Nunbird
Dusky-backed Jacamar
Great Jacamar
Spot-crowned Barbet
Red-headed Barbet
Prong-billed Barbet
Blue-throated Toucanet
Collared Aracari
Yellow-eared Toucanet
Keel-billed Toucan
Chestnut-mandibled Toucan
Olivaceous Piculet
Acorn Woodpecker
Black-cheeked Woodpecker
Red-crowned Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker
Red-rumped Woodpecker
Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker
Cinnamon Woodpecker
Lineated Woodpecker
Crimson-bellied Woodpecker
Crimson-crested Woodpecker
Tawny-throated Leaftosser
Slaty Spinetail
Red-faced Spinetail
Spotted Barbtail
Beautiful Treerunner
Ruddy Treerunner
Lineated Foliage-gleaner
Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner
Slaty-winged Foliage-gleaner
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner
Plain Xenops
Plain-brown Woodcreeper
Tawny-winged Woodcreeper
Olivaceous Woodcreeper
Long-tailed Woodcreeper
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper
Northern Barred-Woodcreeper
Cocoa Woodcreeper
Black-striped Woodcreeper
Spotted Woodcreeper
Streak-headed Woodcreeper
Spot-crowned Woodcreeper
Barred Antshrike
Black Antshrike
Western Slaty-Antshrike
Russet Antshrike
Plain Antvireo
Pacific Antwren
White-flanked Antwren
Slaty Antwren
Checker-throated Antwren
Rufous-winged Antwren
Dot-winged Antwren
Dusky Antbird
Jet Antbird
White-bellied Antbird
Chestnut-backed Antbird
Dull-mantled Antbird
Immaculate Antbird
Spotted Antbird
Bicolored Antbird
Ocellated Antbird
Black-faced Antthrush
Black-crowned Antpitta
Streak-chested Antpitta
Silvery-fronted Tapaculo
Brown-capped Tyrannulet
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet
Forest Elaenia
Gray Elaenia
Greenish Elaenia
Yellow-bellied Elaenia
Lesser Elaenia
Mountain Elaenia
Olive-striped Flycatcher
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher
Sepia-capped Flycatcher
Yellow-green Tyrannulet
Rough-legged Tyrannulet
Paltry Tyrannulet
Black-capped Pygmy-Tyrant
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant
Pale-eyed Pygmy-Tyrant
Southern Bentbill
Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher
Common Tody-Flycatcher
Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher
Brownish Twistwing
Eye-ringed Flatbill
Olivaceous Flatbill
Yellow-olive Flycatcher
Yellow-margined Flycatcher
Golden-crowned Spadebill
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher
Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher
Tufted Flycatcher
Dark Pewee
Tropical Pewee
Yellowish Flycatcher
Black Phoebe
Long-tailed Tyrant
Rufous Mourner
Dusky-capped Flycatcher
Panama Flycatcher
Lesser Kiskadee
Great Kiskadee
Boat-billed Flycatcher
Rusty-margined Flycatcher
Social Flycatcher
Gray-capped Flycatcher
White-ringed Flycatcher
Streaked Flycatcher
Piratic Flycatcher
Tropical Kingbird
Fork-tailed Flycatcher
Thrush-like Schiffornis
Rufous Piha
Speckled Mourner
Cinnamon Becard
White-winged Becard
Black-and-white Becard
One-colored Becard
Masked Tityra
Black-crowned Tityra
Blue Cotinga
Black-tipped Cotinga
Purple-throated Fruitcrow
Three-wattled Bellbird
Green Manakin
Golden-collared Manakin
White-ruffed Manakin
Lance-tailed Manakin
Blue-crowned Manakin
Golden-headed Manakin
Red-capped Manakin
Yellow-winged Vireo
Brown-capped Vireo
Yellow-green Vireo
Scrub Greenlet
Golden-fronted Greenlet
Lesser Greenlet
Green Shrike-Vireo
Yellow-browed Shrike-Vireo
Rufous-browed Peppershrike
Black-chested Jay
Purple Martin
Gray-breasted Martin
Mangrove Swallow
Blue-and-white Swallow
White-thighed Swallow
Southern Rough-winged Swallow
White-headed Wren
Black-bellied Wren
Bay Wren
Stripe-throated Wren
Rufous-breasted Wren
Rufous-and-white Wren
Plain Wren
House Wren
Ochraceous Wren
White-breasted Wood-Wren
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren
Nightingale Wren
Song Wren
Tawny-faced Gnatwren
Long-billed Gnatwren
Tropical Gnatcatcher
Slate-throated Gnatcatcher
Black-faced Solitaire
Varied Solitaire
Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush
Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush
Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush
Mountain Thrush
Pale-vented Thrush
Clay-colored Thrush
White-throated Thrush
Tropical Mockingbird
Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher
Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher
Flame-throated Warbler
Tropical Parula
Gray-crowned Yellowthroat
Slate-throated Redstart
Collared Redstart
Golden-crowned Warbler
Rufous-capped Warbler
Black-cheeked Warbler
Pirre Warbler
Buff-rumped Warbler
White-eared Conebill
Common Bush-Tanager
Pirre Bush-Tanager
Sooty-capped Bush-Tanager
Yellow-backed Tanager
Black-and-yellow Tanager
Rosy Thrush-Tanager
Dusky-faced Tanager
Lemon-spectacled Tanager
Scarlet-browed Tanager
White-shouldered Tanager
Tawny-crested Tanager
White-lined Tanager
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager
Hepatic Tanager
Flame-colored Tanager
White-winged Tanager
Crimson-backed Tanager
Cherrie's Tanager
Flame-rumped Tanager
Blue-gray Tanager
Palm Tanager
Gray-and-gold Tanager
Golden-hooded Tanager
Speckled Tanager
Green-naped Tanager
Spangle-cheeked Tanager
Plain-colored Tanager
Bay-headed Tanager
Emerald Tanager
Silver-throated Tanager
Scarlet-thighed Dacnis
Blue Dacnis
Green Honeycreeper
Shining Honeycreeper
Red-legged Honeycreeper
Blue-black Grassquit
Slate-colored Seedeater
Variable Seedeater
Yellow-bellied Seedeater
Ruddy-breasted Seedeater
Thick-billed Seed-Finch
Blue Seedeater
Yellow-faced Grassquit
Slaty Flowerpiercer
Saffron Finch
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch
Yellow-thighed Finch
White-naped Brush-Finch
Orange-billed Sparrow
Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch
Stripe-headed Brush-Finch
Black-striped Sparrow
Rufous-collared Sparrow
Streaked Saltator
Buff-throated Saltator
Slate-colored Grosbeak
Black-faced Grosbeak
Black-thighed Grosbeak
Blue-black Grosbeak
Red-breasted Blackbird
Eastern Meadowlark
Great-tailed Grackle
Shiny Cowbird
Bronzed Cowbird
Orchard Oriole
Yellow-backed Oriole
Yellow-billed Cacique
Scarlet-rumped Cacique
Crested Oropendola
Chestnut-headed Oropendola
Yellow-crowned Euphonia
Thick-billed Euphonia
Elegant Euphonia
White-vented Euphonia
Tawny-capped Euphonia
Golden-browed Chlorophonia
Yellow-bellied Siskin
Lesser Goldfinch
House Sparrow

David Bell

Birding Top 500 Counter