Birding the Americas Trip Report and Planning Repository
Return to the Main Index

Return to the South America Index
Return to the Brazil Index


8 - 16 March 2005

by Patty O’Neill
Milton, MA
I had a free ticket on American Airlines I could use to go anywhere AA flies, but there were lots of blackout dates and I had to use it by April 15, 2005.   I only had a week and I did not want to waste daylight hours in the air.   The Atlantic Forest of Brazil near Sao Paulo fit the bill very nicely.   There were lots of endemic birds.   The distances between sites were not great.   I had read a trip report by Mark Lockwood who had visited Itatiaia and Ubatuba with Edson Endrigo as a guide.  I knew from Mark’s brother Ron, who lives here in the Boston area, that Mark had been satisfied.  I emailed Edson, found mutually agreeable dates, worked out an itinerary and found two friends, Ted Raymond of Dedham, MA, and Barbara DeWitt of Plantation, FL, who agreed to join me on this adventure.

The plan was to spend three nights at Intervales State Park in the South of Sao Paulo state, two nights at Ubatuba on the coast, and three nights at Itatiaia National Park in Rio de Janeiro state, about halfway between Rio and Sao Paulo.

I left Boston on a 2:52 p.m. flight on Tuesday, March 8, 2005, changed planes in Miami, and arrived in Sao Paulo ahead of the scheduled 6:44 a.m. arrival time.   Although I had heard horror stories about going through customs in Brazil, we flew through and were in the lobby waiting for Edson at about 7:00 a.m.  He arrived at 7:30 a.m., which should have been ample time.  He presented each of us with a photographic guide to the birds of greater Sao Paulo.  Edson is a superb photographer and most, if not all, of the photographs in the book were his work.   He had also prepared a checklist for us to use throughout the trip.   As two of us had birthdays during the trip, he later gave each of us with a calendar featuring his photographs.

Edson’s car was a comfortable four door Volkswagen sedan.   He had given us the option of a van with a driver, but thought that we would make better time with his car.   We did.   Edson’s middle name should be “Mario”; he is a fast, but very good, driver.   It took about an hour to get through the city of Sao Paulo.  It was about noon when we got to Intervales with a quick breakfast stop and a stop at the marsh at Capoa Bonito, about 30 kilometers from Intervales, where I had my first two life birds, a pair of displaying streamer-tailed flycatchers and a small flock of yellow-rumped marshbirds.

We got to Intervales at about noon, and before we had the bags out of the car, had green-chinned euphonia, large-tailed antshrike and the ferrugineigula subspecies of red-eyed thornbird in the scrub around the Pousada Pica Pau.    After lunch we drove out to the Carmo Road and the birds came fast and furious: rufous-capped spinetail; spotted bamboowren; a stunning helmeted woodpecker that appeared out of nowhere with its funky, punky crest; a rusty-breasted nunlet – my first nunlet ever; the beautiful and common yellow-fronted woodpecker; short-tailed antthrush; both pale-browed and sharp-billed treehunters; ferruginous antbird, whose “tuituwee” call was with us most of the trip.

By the time we headed back, it was getting dark so we tried for owls.   We heard tropical screech-owl and mottled owl, but only got the barest of grunts from a rusty-barred owl.  Each of the three nights at Intervales, we stopped to call owls on our way back to the lodge.  We saw mottled and tropical screech, but never got more than a grunt or two from rusty-barred.   There were no nightjars or nighthawks in evidence except for a very brief appearance of a short-tailed nighthawk the first night.   Apparently long-trained nightjar can be expected, but it did not happen.

Edson makes excellent use of his tape recorder and was quite successful in calling in birds.  He also has good ears that enable him to use the tape recorder effectively.

The next two days, March 10 and 11, we followed the same pattern: breakfast at 5:30 a.m., in the field by six, back for lunch and a two-hour break, and then bird until after dark.    Thursday, March 10, we returned to the Carmo area in the morning and birded Bocaina in the afternoon.  Morning birding brought us great looks at white-bearded antshrike; a pair of giant antshrikes although the male put in only the briefest of appearances; rufous-capped antshrike; Bertoni’s antbird ; streak-capped antwren; squamate antbird; scalloped woodcreeper, a recent split from scaled woodcreeper; rufous gnateater; Oustalet’s and bay-ringed tyrannulets; brown-breasted bamboo-tyrant; hangnest tody-tyrant, and Temminck’s, and buffy-fronted seedeaters.  At Bocaina, we added white-browed foliage-gleaner, star-throated antwren, Sao Paulo tyrannulet, a small flock of three-striped flycatchers, and a pair of black-cheeked gnateaters, bathing in a streamlet – totally oblivious to the peering eyes above.  We had several good looks at feeding blue-bellied parrots in the early morning.   Pileated parrots were not so cooperative.  Both here and Itatiaia, there were small numbers, but always too high overhead.  On the way back, there was a rufous-breasted leaftosser, a cooperative slaty-breasted wood-rail in the road just before dark, and dusky-legged guans at eye level in the trees along the road as we returned to the lodgings.

On Friday, March 11, we drove out to Barra Grande in the opposite direction from the lodgings.   We had a pair of river warblers displaying too close to focus by a small pond, with ochre-faced tody-flycatcher and hooded berryeater both within ear shot.   We saw both.   We had been hearing the berryeater whenever we were in the forest so it was good to finally see one.   We had tufted antshrike, a pair of large-tailed antshrikes, wing-barred piprites, and gray-headed attila.  At an antswarm, we got a too poor view of a brown tinamou scrambling up a shrubby bank at our arrival, but better views of white-collared foliage-gleaner.  Back near the lodgings, a sharp-tailed streamcreeper watched us as we watched a slaty bristlefront, stopping every so often to sing, sneak in and out of cracks between large boulders by a forested stream.  As night fell, we managed to come up with a dusky-tailed antbird, but another hard-sought bird, gray-bellied spinetail appeared nonexistent.   The next to last bird of the day was a white-breasted tapaculo that practically crawled over my feet without ever letting me see more than a tiny black blob in the leaf litter.  The last bird of the day was a black-billed scythebill, seen mostly in silhouette, probing a bamboo trunk for insects.   During the lunch break, we had finally caught up with azure-shouldered tanagers feeding in the fruit trees by the lodge.  They seemed to have been absent and to have just arrived, because we had been looking for them.   A yellow-billed cuckoo along the trail was the only northern migrant of the trip.   Although there had been reports of black-fronted piping guan in the Barra Grande area, we did not come across any. 

Saturday morning, March 12, 2005, we left after breakfast for the long ride to Ubatuba with only a few short birding and snacking stops.  We ate well on this trip, and the first stop when we got to Ubatuba about 1:00 p.m. was at a churrascaria across from the ocean.   Bananaquits and kelp gulls were about the only birds around.

After checking into the pousada and time for a swim, we drove south to the Folha Seca trail.   The insects were bad!   Our first stop was at a house where the hummingbird feeders were very active: the large saw-billed hermits and the diminutive festive coquettes were the highlights for me.   White-eyed foliage-gleaners were common; we were never out of an earshot of the squeaky rubber toy sound of this bird.   We were trolling and listening for unicolored antwren, but had no luck.   Scaled antwren joined the list of drymophila antbirds.  We had good looks at rufous-capped antthrush and tawny-throated leaftosser.  We saw another slaty bristlefront; Edson told us these coastal birds will be split from the bird seen at Intervales.  After dark, we got a great look at a tawny-browed owl and heard mottled owl in the distance.   A variable screech-owl was singing its fast trill very close to us but remained buried in the heavy foliage.

Sunday morning, March 13, 2005, we birded Fazenda Angelim, an area largely of second growth and open areas.   Highlights were spot-backed antshrike; three buff-bellied purpletufts that came down to almost eye level to show off their purple tufts with a planalto tyrannulet and a gray-capped tyrannulet joining us to watch the display; fork-tailed tody-tyrant; eye-ringed tody-tyrant; the “other red-eyed thornbird; white-collared foliage gleaner; a displaying white-bearded manakin with females in attendance, and rufous-winged antwren.  The showy tanagers of the Atlantic Forest were in short supply; we saw our first red-necked and green-headed tanagers of the trip.  No unicolored antwren.

In the late afternoon we returned to Folha Seca, and saw our first thrushlike and white-throated woodcreepers of the trip.   A distant unicolored antwren was heard by Edson.  We dipped. Again, the variable screech-owl was singing nearby, probably within five feet of us, but totally invisible. 

Monday, March 14, 2005, we departed after breakfast for Itatiaia via Pereque about two hours North on a drive with spectacular views of the bays along this steep coast.   At Pereque, we drove inland following the Paraiba River a few kilometers through disturbed secondary woodlands in search of the black-hooded antwren, an endangered formicivora antwren.   We found a pair easily in a scrubby area of grasses and short trees and bushes.  Also added on this detour were chestnut-backed antshrike, rough-legged tyrannulet, yellow-olive flycatcher, long-billed wren, and lemon-chested greenlet.

We arrived at Itatiaia, with a stop at a marsh by the town of Itatiaia for tail-banded hornero and yellow-bellied elaenia, in time for lunch.   In the afternoon we birded the grounds and adjoining trails near the Hotel Simon and the Hotel Donati as well as hummingbird feeders in the area.   We heard white-bibbed antbird.   We saw several dusky-legged guans, including one perched on a roof top, waiting for the home owner to throw out corn.

Tuesday, March 15, 2005, we left the hotel at 3:45 a.m. to look for a rusty-barred owl in the upper reaches of the park on the Agulhas Negras Road.   This requires returning to the highway at Itatiaia for an exit or two and then taking the old road toward Ouro Preto for about an hour.   Once on the Agulhas Negras Road we drove about ten kilometers, passing two concrete guard rails on the left and continuing to a spot where the hillside on the left is grass.   If you reach the turn for Casa da. Pedra you have gone too far.  My somewhat quirky altimeter registered 1875 m.   It had been raining, but it stopped.   We got out.  Edson played the tape and almost immediately there was a response.   The owl flew over our head and landed in a bare lichen- encrusted tree.   We put it briefly in the spotlight, perched in a vee, framed by pale green and rust lichen. 

Then it began to rain again, and I became a bit despondent.   The prediction was for rain all day long.  After all we had come in the rainy season.   But the rain stopped and we had a great day with lots of great birds starting with black and gold cotinga, rufous-tailed antbird, black-capped-piprites, mouse- colored tapaculo, serra do mar and greenish tyrannulets; olivaceous elaenia, robust woodpecker, thick-billed saltator, bay-chested and red-rumped warbling finches, and plovercrest.

In the higher reaches, we found araucaria spinetails, atop a small stand of Araucaria trees, and Itatiaia thistletail.   As the road climbs, the habitat changes from moist forest to lower shrubs and then grassland.   The flowers were incredible including one very beautiful, pale blue flower that I believe to be a bulb and that resembled one of the narcissus-type daffodils.   Unfortunately, I did not get a good picture, but if anyone has an idea what it is I would love to know.   Where the habitat becomes grassy, we had a glimpse of a long-tailed reed-finch, but it was a glimpse that didn’t even rise to “better view desired” status.   Again, there was no sign of gray-bellied spinetail.

That afternoon we had a young male frilled coquette at  feeders down the road from the Hotel Simon.

The last morning, Wednesday, March 16, 2005, we climbed the Tres Picos Trail near the hotel and caught up with the last drymophila on the checklist, ochre-rumped antbird, and had a female white-bibbed antbird (although her bib was ochre) hopping through the ground litter, stopping to pick an insect from an overhead leaf or off the ground as we watched.    We saw spot-winged wood-quail running by us, a rufous-tailed antthrush in the path, a pair of blackish-blue seedeaters in the bamboo, and a stunning black-capped foliage-gleaner.    A Such’s antthrush afforded minimal views as we followed its progress through the underbrush from the path.    A uniform finch appeared too minimally to make my list.

Our flight to Miami did not leave from Sao Paulo until 11:55 p.m., and Edson gave us two choices for the afternoon.   One was to go to Campo do Jordao to look for vinaceous parrot.   The other was to go to a marsh only about 50 kilometers from the airport where a population of marsh antwren, stymphalornis acutirostris, had recently been discovered.   We opted for the marsh wren.   It turned out to be farther than we had estimated, and “Mario” had to put on his driving gloves.   We got off the highway at Mogi das Cruzes, drove through the city following signs for McDonald’s, and then turned off for Biritibi Mirim, another 16 kilometers.   In Biritibi, we stopped to ask directions and were told we had yet another 20 kilometers to go.   It was 5:30 p.m. and getting dark.   However, the turn for Casa Grande was less than 5 kilometers beyond town, but it was a dirt road and we did not know how far we had to go.   Not far, it turns out.  The marsh was only a few hundred yards up the road, and there was a path (no doubt made by the researchers studying these birds) leading down into the marsh.   Down the path we went almost to the edge of the cattails.   We played the tape.   Nothing.   We played it again.  We waited.   The grasses moved.   A small charcoal gray and dull brown bird emerged.   A few white wing spots, some marbling on the throat, brown above, charcoal below.   A very nice marsh antwren!  And a great bird to the end the trip.

We wound up with 309 species of which I saw 266, and heard another two that I could recognize by call.   Another 20 species were seen by someone in the group, and there were an 20 additional heard-only birds, probably heard only by Edson.   Especially on the last day of the trip, we did not try to see every heard bird, but to get good looks at the birds that were specialties of the area or life birds.   The list includes 44 endemics, 26 antbirds and 29 species on the Birdlife International list.  I had 57 life birds.   Despite the fact that this is probably not the best season to bird this area, as many of the specialties such as swallow-tailed cotinga and rufous-tailed attila are not present, it was the time I had and it was a very successful trip.

I have not written much about the habitat but will note that there is good forest in all three locations that we visited.  I don’t know the tropical tree species, but there were lots of melastomes, bamboo, tree ferns, and cecropias.   The trees were festooned with moss, lianas and big bromeliads.   There were yellow-flowering and pink-flowering (manaca?) canopy trees.   It was all quite beautiful.  At Intervales, there were at three morpho butterflies:  a very large pale blue – almost white, a smaller electric blue with rusty orange underwings, and another bright blue with black spotted edgings on the upper wings.   Sweet-smelling white ginger flowers were in bloom in all the forested areas.


Edson Endrigo, guide, can be contacted at   Website: 

At Intervales State Park, we stayed at the Pousada Pica Pau (Woodpecker Inn), one of several lodgings inside the park.   It was close to the headquarters at the entrance and even closer to the dining room, which served breakfast, lunch and dinner, all buffet-style.   The Pica Pau was very nice.  Our room had three beds and a balcony overlooking the swimming pool.  On the first floor was a large parlor with a fireplace and a kitchen.   We did not have air-conditioning and slept with the balcony doors open.   The shower in the bathroom had hot water but it was difficult to adjust; it was either too hot or not hot enough.
Phone: (55) (15) 3542.1511 or  35421245

In Ubatuba, we stayed at the at the Pousada Recanto das Palmeiras, which was very nice and had a nice swimming pool.  It was two or three blocks back from the fishing beach where there was a very good churrascaria with a make-your-own ice cream sundae shop next door.

Phone: (55) (12) 3832.2812

In Itatiaia National Park, we stayed at the Hotel Simon, a big old four story rectangle, but very nice with great birds, fantastic views and the hugest swimming pool I have ever seen.   There was no air-conditioning here, but it was not needed.   We slept with the window wide-open.   It was cool enough at night that I used a light coverlet.
Phone: (55) (24) 3352.1122


Unfortunately, the only field guide that completely covers the area is All the of Birds of Brazil by Souza.   The illustrations are minimally adequately.   We supplemented with copies of plates made from various other books including Ridgely & Tudor’s Birds of South America, vols. 1 & 2, and Handbook of the Birds of World, vols. 1-9.


The skeleton of this birdlist is from Avisys.   I have included in many cases what I believe to be the subspecies, using Clements, Avisys, Ridgely and the Handbook of the World as sources, and would welcome any thoughts or corrections.  The place listed corresponds to the date the bird was first seen followed by other dates on which the bird was seen.   /EN denotes that the bird is an endemic and I have tried to note that in each case.

Mar. 09, 2005 Airport via Capoa Bonito to Intervales; Carmo Road.
Mar. 10, 2005 Intervales: a.m. Carmo Road; p.m. Bocaina
Mar. 11, 2005 Intervales: a.m. Barra Grande; p.m. various sites
Mar. 12, 2005 Intervales to Ubatuba; p.m. Folha Seca
Mar. 13, 2005 a.m.  Fazenda Angelim with brief stop at Fazenda Capricornio; p.m. Folha Seca
Mar. 14, 2005  Intervales to Itatiaia via Pereque; p.m. environs of Hotel Simon
Mar. 15, 2005 Itatiaia: a.m. Agulhas Negra Rd., p.m. environs of Hotel Simon
Mar. 16, 2005 Itatiaia: a.m Tres Picos & Maromba trails; p.m. Airport via Biritiba Mirim

Sighting Record Listing - 3/9/2005 - 3/16/2005  269 records


Scientific Name



Anhinga anhinga

Mar 14 en rte to Itatiaia

Magnificent Frigatebird

Fregata magnificens

Ubatuba Mar 13 & 3/14

Capped Heron

Pilherodius pileatus

Ubatuba Mar 13 2 flying over at Angelim

Great Egret

Ardea alba

Mar 9 & 3/12, 14; roadside birds

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis

Mar 9 & 3/12, 14, 16; roadside birds

Brazilian Teal

Amazonetta brasiliensis

Mar 12 road from Intervales

Black Vulture

Coragyps atratus

Mar 9 daily

Turkey Vulture

Cathartes aura

Mar 10 3/10-15 small #s

Swallow-tailed Kite

Elanoides forficatus

Itatiaia Mar 10 & 3/11

White-tailed Kite

Elanus leucurus

Mar 12 Rd. from Intervales

Savanna Hawk

Buteogallus meridionalis

Mar 15 Rd. to Agulhas Negras

Roadside Hawk

Buteo magnirostris

Mar 13 roadside & forest; seen or heard almost daily

Black Hawk-Eagle

Spizaetus tyrannus

Ubatuba Mar 10

Southern Caracara

Caracara plancus

Mar 9 & 3/10, 12, 14

Yellow-headed Caracara

Milvago chimachima

Mar 9 & 3/12, 14-16

American Kestrel

Falco sparverius

Mar 9 & 3/12 roadside

Aplomado Falcon

Falco femoralis

Itatiaia Mar 15 town

Dusky-legged Guan

Penelope obscura bronzina

Intervales Mar 10 & Itatiaia

Spot-winged Wood-Quail

Odontophorus capueira capueira

Itatiaia Mar 16

Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail

Aramides saracura

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11

Blackish Rail

Pardirallus nigricans

Itatiaia Mar 15 town

Common Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus

Ubatuba Mar 12 on the road & 3/15 Itatiaia town marsh

Wattled Jacana

Jacana jacana

Mar 12 Rd. from Intervales

Southern Lapwing

Vanellus chilensis

Mar 9 Sao Paulo, almost daily

Kelp Gull

Larus dominicanus

Ubatuba Mar 12 & 3/13

Royal Tern

Sterna maxima

Ubatuba Mar 13

Rock Pigeon

Columba livia

Mar 9 & 3/13-14 towns

Picazuro Pigeon

Patagioenas picazuro

Ubatuba Mar 10 & 3/12, 14-16 common at Itatiaia

Plumbeous Pigeon

Patagioenas plumbea

 Itatiaia Mar 15

Eared Dove

Zenaida auriculata

Mar 12 Rd. from Intervales

Ruddy Ground-Dove

Columbina talpacoti

Mar 9 & 3/12-14

Maroon-bellied Parakeet

Pyrrhura frontalis

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10-11, 13, 16

Blue-winged Parrotlet

Forpus xanthopterygius

Intervales Mar 9 vividus & 3/14

Plain Parakeet

Brotogeris tirica

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11, 14

Scaly-headed Parrot

Pionus maximiliani melanobelpharus

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/12-16

Blue-bellied Parrot

Triclaria malachitacea

Intervales Mar 10 -

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Coccyzus americanus

Intervales Mar 11 barra grande

Squirrel Cuckoo

Piaya cayana macroura

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/13

Smooth-billed Ani

Crotophaga ani

 Mar 9 & 3/12-14, 16 roadside

Guira Cuckoo

Guira guira

Mar 9 & 3/12-13, 16 roadsides

Tropical Screech-Owl

Megascops choliba uruguaiensis

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10

*Variable Screech-Owl

Megascops atricapillus

Ubatuba Mar 12-13 /h a fast trill

Rusty-barred Owl

Strix hylophila

Itatiaia Mar 15 Agulhas Negras

Mottled Owl

Ciccaba virgata borelliana

Intervales Mar 10 heard as well on 3/9, 12-13

Tawny-browed Owl

Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana

Ubatuba Mar 12 & 3/14

Least Pygmy-Owl

Glaucidium minutissimum

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10, 13

Burrowing Owl

Athene cunicularia borelliana

Mar 9 roadside grallaria

White-collared Swift

Streptoprocne z. zonaris

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10-11

Gray-rumped Swift

Chaetura c. cinereiventris

Itatiaia Mar 14-15

Ashy-tailed [Sick’s] Swift

Chaetura andrei meridionalis

Itatiaia Mar 14 & 3/15-16

Saw-billed Hermit

Ramphodon naevius

Ubatuba Mar 12 & 3/13 /EN Folha Seca

Scale-throated Hermit

Phaethornis e. eurynome

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10-11, 14-15

Dusky-throated Hermit

Phaethornis squalidus

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10, 16 /EN

Reddish Hermit

Phaethornis r. ruber

Ubatuba Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim

Swallow-tailed Hummingbird

Eupetomena macrourus cyanoviridis

Ubatuba Mar 12 & 3/13-14

Black Jacobin

Florisuga fuscus

Ubatuba Mar 12 & 3/13-16

Black-throated Mango

Anthracothorax nigricollis

Ubatuba Mar 13 Folha Seca


Stephanoxis l. lalandi

Itatiaia Mar 15 Agulhas Negras

Frilled Coquette

Lophornis magnificus

Itatiaia Mar 15 Norma's feeders; subadult male

Festive Coquette

Lophornis chalybeus

Ubatuba Mar 12 & 3/13 Folha Seca,

Glittering-bellied Emerald

Lophornis chalybeus berlepschi

Intervales Mar 11 & 3/12, 15i

Violet-capped Woodnymph

Thalurania glaucopis

Intervales Mar 9 daily

White-throated Hummingbird

Leucochloris albicollis

Intervales Mar 10

Versicolored Emerald

Agyrtria versicolor [?brevirostris]

Ubatuba Mar 12 & 3/13-4 Folha Seca

Glittering-throated Emerald

Polyerata fimbriata tephrocephala

Ubatuba Mar 12&13

Brazilian Ruby

Clytolaema rubricauda

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/14-15

Black-throated Trogon

Trogon rufus chrysochloros

Itatiaia Mar 16 Maromba

Surucua Trogon

Trogon s. surrucura

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10

Rufous-capped Motmot

Baryphthengus ruficapillus

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/13

Buff-bellied Puffbird

Notharchus swainsoni

Ubatuba Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim

Rusty-breasted Nunlet

Nonnula r. rubecula

Intervales Mar 9

Saffron Toucanet

Baillonius bailloni

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/13

Red-breasted Toucan

Ramphastos dicolorus

Intervales Mar 11 Barra Grande

White-barred Piculet

Picumnus c. cirratus

Ubatuba Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim

Ochre-collared Piculet

Picumnus temminckii

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10-11

Yellow-fronted Woodpecker

Melanerpes flavifrons

Ubatuba Mar 9 & 3/10, ll, 13

White-spotted Woodpecker

Veniliornis spilogaster

Intervales Mar 9

Yellow-browed Woodpecker

Piculus aurulentus

Intervales Mar 11 Barra Grande

Campo Flicker

Colaptes c. campestris

Intervales Mar 11 & 3/12

Helmeted Woodpecker

Dryocopus galeatus

Ubatuba Mar 9

Tail-banded Hornero

Furnarius f. figulus

Itatiaia Mar 14 town

Rufous Hornero

Furnarius rufus albogularis

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10, 12

Araucaria Tit-Spinetail

Leptasthenura setaria

Itatiaia Mar 15 /EN Agulhas Negras

Rufous-capped Spinetail

Synallaxis ruficapilla

Intervales Mar 9

Pallid Spinetail

Cranioleuca pallida

Intervales Mar 11 & 3/15

Itatiaia Thistletail

Oreophylax moreirae

Itatiaia Mar 15 /EN Agulhas Negras

Red-eyed Thornbird

Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus ferrugineigula

Intervales Mar 9 /EN

Red-eyed Thornbird

Phacellodomus e. erythrophthalmus

Ubatuba Mar 13 /EN

Streaked Xenops

Xenops r. rutilans

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/13-14

Sharp-billed Treehunter

Heliobletus contaminatus

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10, 15

White-browed Foliage-gleaner

Anabacerthia amaurotis

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/16 Tres Picos

Pale-browed Treehunter

Cichlocolaptes leucophrus

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10

Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner

Philydor r. rufus

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/20-11

Black-capped Foliage-gleaner

Philydor atricapillus

Itatiaia Mar 16 Tres Picos

White-collared Foliage-gleaner

Anabazenops fuscus

Intervales Mar 12 & 3/16

White-eyed Foliage-gleaner

Automolus l. leucophthalmus

Intervales Mar 9 & 13 “squeaky toy”

Tawny-throated Leaftosser

Sclerurus mexicanus bahiae

Ubatuba Mar 12 Folha Seca

Rufous-breasted Leaftosser

Sclerurus s. scansor

Intervales Mar 10

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper

Lochmias n. nematura

Intervales Mar 11 ; 3/15 in the rd Agulhas Negras

Thrush-like Woodcreeper

Dendrocincla turdina

Ubatuba Mar 13 & 3/14 Itatiaia

Olivaceous Woodcreeper

Sittasomus griseicapillus sylviellus

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10, 14-16

White-throated Woodcreeper

Xiphocolaptes a. albicollis

Ubatuba Mar 13 & 3/14 Fazenda Angelim

Planalto Woodcreeper

Dendrocolaptes platyrostris

Intervales Mar 10 -

Lesser Woodcreeper

Xiphorhynchus f. fuscus

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/13, 14

Scaled Woodcreeper

Lepidocolaptes s. squamatus

Itatiaia Mar 14

Scalloped Woodcreeper

Lepidocolaptes falcinellus

Intervales Mar 10

Spot-backed Antshrike

Hypoedaleus guttatus

Ubatuba Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim

Giant Antshrike

Batara cinerea

Intervales Mar 10

Tufted Antshrike

Mackenziaena severa

Ubatuba Mar 11

Large-tailed Antshrike

Mackenziaena leachii

Ubatuba Mar 9 & 3/11

White-bearded Antshrike

Biatas nigropectus

Ubatuba Mar 10

Chestnut-backed Antshrike

Thamnophilus p. palliatus

Mar 14 Pereque

Variable Antshrike

Thamnophilus c. caerulescens

Intervales Mar 11 & 3/14, 15 no tawny on belly

Rufous-capped Antshrike

Thamnophilus r. ruficapillus

Intervales Mar 10

Spot-breasted Antvireo

Dysithamnus stictothorax

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11, 13

Plain Antvireo

Dysithamnus m. mentalis

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10-11, 14, 16

Star-throated Antwren

Myrmotherula gularis

Intervales Mar 10 /EN & 3/16 Tres Picos

Rufous-winged Antwren

Herpsilochmus r. rufimarginatus

Intervales Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim

Marsh [Parana] Antwren

Stymphalornis acutirostris

 Mar 16 Biritiba Mirim

Black-hooded Antwren

Formicivora acutirostris

Mar 14 /EN Pereque

Ferruginous Antbird

Drymophila ferruginea

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10, 13-14, 16 "tueetuweet"

Bertoni's Antbird

Drymophila rubricollis

Intervales Mar 10

Rufous-tailed Antbird

Drymophila genei

Itatiaia Mar 15 Agulhas Negras

Ochre-rumped Antbird

Drymophila ochropyga

Itatiaia Mar 16 Tres Picos

Dusky-tailed Antbird

Drymophila malura

Intervales Mar 11

Scaled Antbird

Drymophila squamata

Ubatuba Mar 12 Folha Seca

Streak-capped Antwren

Terenura maculata

Intervales Mar 10

White-shouldered Fire-eye

Pyriglena leucoptera

Intervales Mar 11 Barra Grande

White-bibbed Antbird

Myrmeciza loricata

Itatiaia Mar 16 Tres Picos

Squamate Antbird

Myrmeciza squamosa

Intervales Mar 10 /EN & 3/11

Rufous-capped Antthrush

Formicarius colma ruficeps

Ubatuba Mar 12 & 3/13 Folha Seca

Short-tailed Antthrush

Chamaeza c. campanisona

Intervales Mar 9

Brazilian Antthrush

Chamaeza ruficauda

Itatiaia Mar 16 /EN Tres Picos

Such's Antthrush

Chamaeza meruloides

Itatiaia Mar 16 /EN Tres Picos BVD

Rufous Gnateater

Chamaeza meruloides vulgaris

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11

Black-cheeked Gnateater

Conopophaga m. melanops

Intervales Mar 10 /EN & 3/12

Spotted Bamboowren

Conopophaga melanops

Intervales Mar 9

Slaty Bristlefront

Merulaxis ater

Intervales Mar 11 /EN possibly new species; 3/12 Ubatuba a. ater

Mouse-colored Tapaculo

Scytalopus speluncae

Itatiaia Mar 15 /EN Agulhas Negras

Black-and-gold Cotinga

Tijuca atra

Itatiaia Mar 15 /EN Agulhas Negras

Hooded Berryeater

Carpornis cucullatus

Intervales Mar 11 /EN Barra Grande

Buff-throated Purpletuft

Iodopleura pipra leucopygia

Ubatuba Mar 13 /EN Faz. Angelim display’g tufts

Cinnamon-vented Piha

Lipaugus lanioides

Intervales Mar 10

White-bearded Manakin

Manacus manacus gutturosus

Ubatuba Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim displaying

Blue Manakin

Chiroxiphia caudata

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11-12

Pin-tailed Manakin

Ilicura militaris

Intervales Mar 11 Barra Grande

Black-capped Piprites

Piprites pileatus

Itatiaia Mar 15 Agulhas Negras

Wing-barred Piprites

Piprites c. chloris

Intervales Mar 11 Barra Grande

Gray Elaenia

Myiopagis caniceps

Intervales Mar 10 caniceps

Yellow-bellied Elaenia

Elaenia f. flavogaster

Itatiaia Mar 14 & 15 town

Small-billed Elaenia

Elaenia parvirostris

Intervales Mar 11

Olivaceous Elaenia

Elaenia mesoleuca

Itatiaia Mar 15 Agulhas Negras

White-crested Tyrannulet

Serpophaga subcristata straminea

Mar 12 Rd. from Intervales

Gray-hooded Flycatcher

Mionectes rufiventris

Intervales Mar 11 Barra Grande

Sepia-capped Flycatcher

Leptopogon a. amaurocephalus

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10-11, 14

Sao Paulo Tyrannulet

Phylloscartes paulistus

Intervales Mar 10

Oustalet's Tyrannulet

Phylloscartes oustaleti

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11

Serra do Mar Tyrannulet

Phylloscartes difficilis

Intervales Mar 10-11 /EN

Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet

Phylloscartes v. ventralis

Itatiaia Mar 15 Agulhas Negras

Bay-ringed Tyrannulet

Phylloscartes sylviolus

Intervales Mar 10

Planalto Tyrannulet

Phyllomyias fasciatus brevirostris

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10-11, 13

Rough-legged Tyrannulet

Phyllomyias burmeisteri

Mar 14 Pereque

Greenish Tyrannulet

Phyllomyias virescens

Itatiaia Mar 15 Agulhas Negras

Gray-capped Tyrannulet

Phyllomyias griseocapilla

Intervales Mar 11 & 3/13

Eared Pygmy-Tyrant

Myiornis a. auricularis

Intervales Mar 10

Brown-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant

Hemitriccus o. obsoletus

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11

Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant

Hemitriccus orbitatus

Ubatuba Mar 13 /EN

Hangnest Tody-Tyrant

Hemitriccus nidipendulus paulistus

Intervales Mar 10-11

Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant

Hemitriccus furcatus

Ubatuba Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim

Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher

Todirostrum plumbeiceps

Intervales Mar 13 Barra Grande

Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher

Todirostrum poliocephalum

Ubatuba Mar 13 & 3/14 Fazenda Angelim

Large-headed Flatbill

Ramphotrigon m. megacephala

Itatiaia Mar 16 Tres Picos

Yellow-olive Flycatcher

Tolmomyias s. sulphurescens

Mar 14 Pereque

White-throated Spadebill

Platyrinchus mystaceus cancromus

Itatiaia Mar 16 Tres Picos

Bran-colored Flycatcher

Myiophobus fasciatus flammiceps

Intervales Mar 11

Cliff Flycatcher

Hirundinea ferruginea bellicosa

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/13-16

Euler's Flycatcher

Lathrotriccus euleri

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/16

Blue-billed Black-Tyrant

Knipolegus cyanirostris

Itatiaia Mar 14 town

Velvety Black-Tyrant

Knipolegus nigerrimus

Itatiaia Mar 15 Agulhas Negras

Masked Water-Tyrant

Fluvicola nengeta

Itatiaia Mar 15 town

Streamer-tailed Tyrant

Gubernetes yetapa

Mar 9 Capao Bonito

Long-tailed Tyrant

Colonia colonus

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/22, 13-14, 16

Cattle Tyrant

Machetornis rixosus

Ubatuba Mar 12 & 3/13-15

Gray-hooded Attila

Attila rufus

Intervales Mar 11 /EN Barra Grande


Sirystes sibilator

Intervales Mar 10 Barra Grande

Swainson's Flycatcher

Myiarchus swainsoni

Intervales Mar 10

Short-crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus ferox

Intervales Mar 10

Great Kiskadee

Pitangus sulphuratus

Intervales Mar 9 daily

Boat-billed Flycatcher

Megarynchus pitangua

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10-11

Social Flycatcher

Myiozetetes similis pallidiventris

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/13, 15

Three-striped Flycatcher

Conopias trivirgata

Intervales Mar 11

Streaked Flycatcher

Myiodynastes maculatus solitarius

Intervales Mar 11 & 3/13

Variegated Flycatcher

Empidonomus v. varius

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/13

Tropical Kingbird

Tropical Kingbird

Intervales Mar 9 daily

Greenish Schiffornis

Schiffornis virescens

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11

Chestnut-crowned Becard

Pachyramphus c. castaneus

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10-11

White-winged Becard

Pachyramphus polychopterus spixii

Intervales Mar 10

Crested Becard

Pachyramphus validus

Intervales Mar 10

Black-tailed Tityra

Tityra cayana

Intervales Mar 10

Black-crowned Tityra

Tityra inquisitor

Intervales Mar 11


Oxyruncus c. cristatus

Intervales Mar 10 /h

Gray-breasted Martin

Progne chalybea

Intervales Mar 11 &3/13-15

Blue-and-white Swallow

Pygochelidon cyanoleuca

Intervales Mar 11 & 3/12-16

White-thighed Swallow

Neochelidon t. tibialis

Ubatuba Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim

Southern Rough-winged Swallow

Stelgidopteryx r. ruficollis

Intervales Mar 11 & 3/13

Long-billed Wren

Ramphocaenus melanurus longirostris

Mar 14 Pereque

House Wren

Troglodytes aedon

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/12, 14

Chalk-browed Mockingbird

Mimus saturninus

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/12

Rufous-bellied Thrush

Turdus r. rufiventris

Intervales Mar 9 daily

Pale-breasted Thrush

Turdus l. leucomelas

Itatiaia Mar 14 & 3/15

Long-billed Gnatwren

Ramphocaenus melanurus

Intervales Mar 10

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus

Mar 12 towns, & 3/13-14

Common Waxbill

Estrilda astrild

Ubatuba Mar 14

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus diversus

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/13

Rufous-crowned Greenlet

Hylophilus poicilotis

Intervales Mar 11

Lemon-chested Greenlet

Hylophilus t. thoracicus

Mar 14 Pereque

Rufous-browed Peppershrike

Cyclarhis gujanensis ochrocephala

Intervales Mar 11 crown almost concolor w/eyestripe

Hooded Siskin

Carduelis magellanica icterica

Itatiaia Mar 14

Tropical Parula

Parula pitiayumi pitiayumi ?

Intervales Mar 10

Masked Yellowthroat

Geothlypis aequinoctialis velata

Ubatuba Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim

Golden-crowned Warbler

Basileuterus culicivorus azarae?

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11, 15

White-rimmed Warbler

Basileuterus leucoblepharus

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11, 15

Neotropical River Warbler

Basileuterus rivularis

Intervales Mar 11 Barra Grande too close to focus


Coereba flaveola

Ubatuba Mar 12 & 3/14-15

Brown Tanager

Orchesticus abeillei

Intervales Mar 12

Magpie Tanager

Cissopis leveriana major

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10-11, 14

Rufous-headed Tanager

Hemithraupis r. ruficapilla

Intervales Mar 9

Hooded Tanager

Nemosia pileata caerulea

Itatiaia Mar 15 town

Olive-green Tanager

Orthogonys chloricterus

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/13-14

Flame-crested Tanager

Tachyphonus cristatus brunneus

Ubatuba Mar 13-14 Folha Seca

Ruby-crowned Tanager

Tachyphonus coronatus

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/13

Black-goggled Tanager

Trichothraupis melanops

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/11, 16

Brazilian Tanager

Ramphocelus bresilius dorsalis

Ubatuba Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim

Sayaca Tanager

Thraupis s. sayaca

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11, 14

Azure-shouldered Tanager

Thraupis cyanoptera

Intervales Mar 11

Golden-chevroned Tanager

Thraupis ornata

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10, 14-16

Palm Tanager

Thraupis palmarum

Ubatuba Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim & 3/14

Diademed Tanager

Stephanophorus diadematus

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/11, 15

Violaceous Euphonia

Euphonia violacea auranticollis

Ubatuba Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim

Green-chinned Euphonia

Euphonia chalybea

Intervales Mar 9 & 3/10-11

Golden-rumped Euphonia

Euphonia cyanocephala

Itatiaia Mar 16 Tres Picos

Chestnut-bellied Euphonia

Euphonia pectoralis

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/13-14, 16

Green-headed Tanager

Tangara seledon

Intervales Mar 13-14 Fazenda Angelim

Red-necked Tanager

Tangara cyanocephala

Intervales Mar 13 Fazenda Angelim

Brassy-breasted Tanager

Tangara desmaresti

Itatiaia Mar 14 & 3/16

Burnished-buff Tanager

Tangara cayana chloroptera

Itatiaia Mar 14 & 3/15

Blue Dacnis

Dacnis cayana paraguayensis

Intervales Mar 11 & 3/13-14, 16


Tersina v. viridis

Itatiaia Mar 10

Bay-chested Warbling-Finch

Poospiza thoracica

Itatiaia Mar 15 Agulhas Negras

Red-rumped Warbling-Finch

Poospiza l. lateralis

Itatiaia Mar 15 Agulhas Negras

Blue-black Grassquit

Volatinia j. jacarina

Intervales Mar 11 & 3/12, 15

Buffy-fronted Seedeater

Sporophila frontalis

Intervales Mar 10

Temminck's Seedeater

Temminck's Seedeater

Intervales Mar 10

Lined Seedeater

Sporophila l. lineola

Intervales Mar 11

Double-collared Seedeater

Sporophila caerulescens

Intervales Mar 9 daily

Blackish-blue Seedeater

Amaurospiza moesta

Itatiaia Mar 16 Tres Picos

Saffron Finch

Sicalis flaveola

Ubatuba Mar 13

Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch

Emberizoides h. herbicola

Itatiaia Mar 15 town

Half-collared Sparrow

Half-collared Sparrow

Intervales Mar 10

Rufous-collared Sparrow

Zonotrichia capensis subtorquata

Intervales Mar 9 daily

Green-winged Saltator

Saltator similis

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11

Thick-billed Saltator

Saltator maxillosus

Itatiaia Mar 15 Agulhas Negras

Black-throated Saltator

Saltator atricollis

Intervales Mar 11

Chestnut-capped Blackbird

Agelaius r. ruficapillus

Mar 12 , & 3/15 road from Intervales

White-browed Blackbird

Sturnella superciliaris

Mar 14 road from Ubatuba

Shiny Cowbird

Molothrus bonariensis

Ubatuba Mar 13

Golden-winged Cacique

Cacicus chrysopterus

Intervales Mar 10 & 3/11

Crested Oropendola

Psarocolius decumanus

Mar 14 Rd. from Ubatuba

Yellow-rumped Marshbird

Pseudoleistes guirahuro

Mar 9 Capao Bonito

* =s heard only
Seen too poorly for me to count

Brown Tinamou    Intervales
Pileated Parrot    Intervales & Itatiaia
Robust Woodpecker   Itatiaia
White-breasted Tapaculo   Intervales
Southern Beardless Tyrannulet Intervales
Whiskered Flycatcher Intervales & Ubatuba
Long-tailed Reed-Finch   Agulhas Negras
Uniform Finch Tres Picos

Seen by someone in the group but not me

Striated Heron    Road
White-tailed Hawk   Road
Pale-vented Pigeon   Intervales
Gray-fronted Dove   Road
Short-tailed Nighthawk   Intervales
Lineated Woodpecker   Itatiaia
Buff-browed Foliage Gleaner   Intervales & Itatiaia
Piratic Flycatcher   Ubatuba
Donacobius   Biritiba Mirim
Creamy-bellied Thrush    Intervales
Gilt-edged Tanager   Itatiaia
Green Honeycreeper   Ubatuba

Heard by someone, probably Edson, but I either did not hear or, if heard, do not know the call

Laughing Falcon     Intervales
Barred Forest-Falcon   Intervales
White-vented Violet-ear  Agulhas Negras
White-tailed Trogon  Ubatuba
White Woodpecker   Itatiaia town
Green-barred Woodpecker    Intervales
Blond-crested Woodpecker   Ubatuba
Chicli Spinetail   Agulhas Negras
Plain Xenops   Ubatuba
Ochre-breasted Foliage-Gleaner   Intervales
Rufous-backed Antvireo   Agulhas Negras
Unicolored Antwren   Ubatuba
Variegated Antpitta   Intatiaia
Speckle-breasted Antpitta   Itatiaia
Red-ruffed Fruitcrow   Ubatuba
Yellow Tyrannulet   Itatiaia
Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant   Itatiaia
White-necked Thrush   Ubatuba
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager   Ubatuba
Blue-naped Chlorophonia   Intervales

Birding Top 500 Counter