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VENEZUELA

18 June -2 July 2000

by Roger Ahlman

Introduction

Going to such a big and bird-rich country as Venezuela for just two weeks is of course not enough and therefore we decided to concentrate on the Bolívar province in the southeast, with just "skimming the cream" of some of the other sites more or less en route.  The main targets were the Escalera Road and the surrounding forests and the Harpy Eagle near Rio Grande.  To add some more to the total trip list and our lifer-lists we spent one and a half day at Henri Pittier and about the same time in the vast Llanos area and also two days near the Oilbird cave and in the Sucre province.  Two full days was spent in the car with just some roadside birding stops.

We faced no serious problems during the trip, just the normal stuff with flat tyres and some minor car problems.  We had some fears that last years heavy rain and landslides, which killed a lot of people, could cause us some problems and delays but the only signs of this was that a bridge was missing between Barcelona and Caracas and we had to make a detour.  In the Guatapo NP southeast of Caracas one road had just been open to traffic and some, probably private, roadwork was still going on.  People were maintaining the road with shovelers and asking for some money when we passed.  We usually paid 100 Bolivares and they seemed happy with that.

At San Isidro (km 88) at the foot of the Escalera road we run out of local currency and tried to change money at the bank at km 87 but they didn't change dollars!  Nor did they accept VISA or Mastercard!  Money, 200 USD at the time, could be changed at the Corpoven gas station at San Isidro by Augustino Jesuso.  The gas station is just opposite Hotel Pillanera at which we stayed.  A good idea is to change money in one of the larger cities like Ciudad Bolívar or Guayana before going south.

Fuel is very cheap, about 80 bolivares (about 12 cents!) for a litre and readily available.  On the south side of Orinoco gas stations and habitations are few and one should fill up the tank whenever opportunity is given.

We didn't and ran out fuel in the middle of nowhere, but fortunately a small truck came within a minute, and he had a 20-litre can on the back which we bought for about double price, which was a true bargain in our situation.

We had a Ford Festive rented from Budget and pre-booked from Sweden.  The total cost was 711 USD and the car was just about enough for four persons with not too much luggage and four telescopes.

Food was generally rather cheap and good and easy to find.  In the bigger cities western food like hamburgers and pizzas could be found.  In San Isidro we had lunch and dinner every day at restaurant Tasca, which is just across the street from the hotel and next door to the gas station.  They served the best food on the trip and also had excellent Chilean wine.  In Sucre and at El Palmar we had dinner where we stayed at Klaus Mullerís place and Hotel Parador.  We ate fresh vegetables all the time without being sick.  We drank bottled water, which is found everywhere and Polar beer, which is sold in 22 cl bottles.  At Rancho Grande in Henri Pittier we even drank tap water as they said it was perfectly all right and it was.

Itinerary

18 June

We departed from Sweden and Landvetter Airport and via Frankfurt arrived in Caracas in early evening.  The pre-booked car, a Ford Festive, from Budget was waiting for us.  We went straight to Maracay 2 hours west of Caracas and spent the night in Hotel Pipo, which is a four-star luxury hotel that cost 93USD per night for a double room.  We didn't bother to find a cheaper hotel as it was getting late.  The hotel is situated at the outskirts of town towards the Choroní Road through Henri Pittier NP.

19 June

We made a pre-dawn start up the Choroní Road to the pass (1/2 hour from the hotel) and birded both sides of the pass.  Afternoon was spent at Rancho Grande and the Ocumare road in the western part of the park.  We spent the night at Rancho Grande, which was very basic and cost only 7 USD.

20 June

We birded from the roof of the building in the morning which was not as rewarding as mentioned in other reports.  We also did the trail which starts immediately behind the far building.  Later in the morning we birded the Ocumare road on the north side.  Afternoon was transport to near San Fernando in the Llanos.  Of course, 1 1/2 day in HPNP is much too little but we got a taste of it and saw about half of the endemics there.

21 June

Driving through San Fernando to Mantecal with several roadside stops.  The road goes through good bird habitat all the time.  Wetlands mixed with patches of forests and grazed areas.  In the afternoon we went to Hato El Cedral, which is a big ranch southeast of Mantecal.  They charged us 25 USD each for entering the ranch, which we at the beginning thought was rather expensive, but it turned out to be well worth the money.  At the ranch we were met by an English-speaking guide who gave us free soft drinks and together with a very bird knowledgeable companion of his, we went through the list of species we hadn't seen.  The endemic White-bearded Flycatcher occurs around the ranch buildings and was soon ticked off.  We embarked a truck with seats on the back and went out on the ranch manors.  Excellent views of the wetland birds and Caymans and råttor.  We went with a motorboat in a small river and only after 100 meters we saw a four meter Anaconda which the guides pulled out from a hole in the brink.  Many other goodies were seen during this little trip; several Hoatzins and Sunbitterns, superb views of Yellow-knobbed Currasow.  We went ashore twice to walk beside some smaller streams in search of Agami and Zigzag herons.  We failed on those unfortunately.  In the late afternoon and evening we went back to San Fernando.  Like Henri Pittier, 1 1/2 days in the Llanos is too little, but we saw most of the birds anyway.

22 June

A day of traveling.  The original plan was to go to El Palmar but we only reached Ciudad Bolívar after 14 hours.  We had to go south to Porto Paez by Orinoco near Colombia and then up along the south side of the mighty Orinoco River.  Between San Fernando and Porto Paez two rivers has to be crossed by ferry.  When we came to the second crossing there were no warnings that the road would end, which almost made us drive straight into the river!

There is very good bird habitat south of San Fernando all the way to the Orinoco and we made several stops.  South of the river the habitat is drier and more boring.  Make sure to fill up with gas as soon as you see a gas station.  We didn't and consequently run out of fuel in the middle of nowhere.  Luckily a small truck came within a minute, and he happened to have 20 liters on the back which we bought for about double price, which was a true bargain in this situation.

23 June

Early departure from Ciudad Bolívar and some hours driving to El Palmar where we checked in at Hotel Parador on the outskirts of the town.  The owner is apparently familiar with birdwatchers (pajaneros in Spanish), and we booked the Harpy guide through him.  Afternoon was spent on the logging road around Rio Grande.  We almost made it to the river with our car, it had been raining quite a lot the last days and the road was flooded in some places so we couldn't make it all the way.  If it's a bit drier or with a 4 WD it's no problems.

24 June

Departure at 6.00 in a Toyota jeep with the guide Javier.  It took 1 hour 20 minutes to drive several kilometres past Rio Grande and an additional 1 1/2 hour jungle walk before we came to the Harpy nest.  The female was standing on the nest and made a short flight and perched on a big branch.  We had gripping views for about 20 minutes before we left.  We continued birdwatching along the road for some kilometres before going back to the hotel and had lunch and freshened up a bit before going the last 250 kilometres to San Isidro (km 88).  Some roadside birding en route and a stop on the bridge over Rio Cauroni (with Black-collared swallow).  We paid 70000 bolivares (105 USD) for the Harpy guide and jeep.  That was what he asked for and we didn't negotiate.  The time in San Isidro was spent at Hotel Pillanera (6500 B/single room).

25 June

Rain until 11.00.  We made some desperate attempt to bird along the Escalera road but didn't see much.  Afternoon was spent on a logging road at km 66 which was rather rewarding.

26 June

A fine morning on the Gran Sabana.  During the morning we worked ourselves slowly down the Escalera, birding different altitudes.  The usual midday shower while having lunch and afternoon was spent along a logging road at km 87.  Every evening we had dinner at restaurant Tasca just south of the gas station which is across the street from our hotel.  This restaurant turned out to serve the best food we had on the entire trip.  We especially enjoyed their Bisteka with Papas fritas and 2 bottles of Chilean red wine Tucornal 1997.  For 8000 B/bottle this was a fine ending to the days.

27 June

Light rain until 9.00.  We did km 132-135 in the morning and made several birding stops on the way down.  At this time we where run out of local currency and had to go to the bank at km 87 only to be informed that they couldn't change dollars!  Nor could we get money on VISA or Mastercard!  But the good news was that there is a guy at the gas station in San Isidro that could change dollars.  He could only change 200 USD at the time so we went back to him the next couple of days with 200 each time.  Afternoon was spent, with light rain, around km 111, which is supposed to be a good place for Guianan C-o-t-R.  We failed to see any though.  Dinner as usual.

28 June

A fine morning at km 111.  Lasse saw a female C-o-t-R and Roger had a nice flock a bit further away including 2 Sharpbills.  Birding up to km 128 before going back for lunch and changing money.  We had Spaghetti Bolognese every day for lunch at restaurant Tasca.  Afternoon was spent north of km 88 with rather unproductive birding as we couldn't find any good trails into the forest.  The trail at km 67 which is mentioned in several reports, was heavily flooded in the beginning and the trails at km 71 and 73 we couldn't find.  Kalle celebrated his 50th birthday.

29 June

We started at 6.30 from San Isidro and drove more or less non- stop for 12 hours to Cueva de los Guacharos and made it, with 10 minutes margin, to the big flyout of the Oilbirds.  Night at Hotel Venezia in nearby Caripe (9000 B/double).

30 June

We walked the main trail opposite the cave up and down a couple of times in search of the Grey-headed warbler but in vain.  It was surprisingly quiet in the forest.  A few hours transport to Guarounos and Vuelta Larga where German-born Klaus Muller has a ranch and accommodates tourists.  We did some afternoon birding in a swamp in the outskirts of the village and in the garden with some new hummingbirds.

1 July

Birding with Daniel Muller at the ranch nearby.  Daniel knows the birds perfect in this area and where to find them.  The habitat is wetlands and some forest and much of the birds are the same as in the Llanos but goodies includes Crimson-hooded Manakin and Cream-coloured Woodpecker.  Afternoon was driving towards Caracas and we stopped for the night at Piritu just west of Barcelona.  Evening along the beach with a lot of local people.  Some stops along the road gave some North American waterbirds near the coast.

2 July

Driving with some birding stops towards Caracas.  We made a little detour through Guatupo NP before going into Caracas and in the evening fly back to Sweden.

Miscellaneous

We faced no serious problems during the trip, just the normal stuff with the car.  South of the Orinoco is a long stretch with very few people and habitations.  We run out of petrol here and luckily a truck came within a minute and had a 20-litre can which we could buy.  This stop could have caused us a long delay, so fill up the tank whenever opportunity is given.  There is a gas station just on the south shore of the river near Pto Paez.  The next one is at Caicara, which one will pass about 10 kms east of and this means a detour.  After that is a rather long way to an obscure "gas station".

The food was generally good and none of us suffered from any stomach illness, although we ate fresh vegetables in many places.  Bottled water is readily available and at Rancho Grande the tap water was good for drinking (I know, I tried).  In the major cities hamburgers can be found.  We had Chilean wine in several places and found it to be both very good for a reasonable price.  Otherwise the local beer, Polar, is available anywhere.

The people were generally very friendly and helpful.  We didn't feel unsafe in any place nor did we have any problems with the police or military, apart from a checkpoint near the Colombian border which took about 10 minutes.  It is rather necessary to know some Spanish.  At least to be able to ask for the way, order food, etc.  We only had this basic knowledge in Spanish.  During the trip we only met five people who could speak English.

BIRDS

Great Tinamou Tinamus major
Heard Escalera 25-26 June

Red-legged Tinamou Crypturellus erythropus
1 Heard Sucre 1 July

Variegated Tinamou Crypturellus variegatus
1 heard Escalera 27-28 June

Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
5 along the coast east of Barcelona 1 July

Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis
Common along the coast.

Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax olivaceous
Common in the Llanos and along the coast.

Anhinga Anhinga anhinga
Fairly common in the Llanos.

Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
Common along the coast.

Whistling Heron Syrigma sibilatrix
Singles in the Llanos.

Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus
1 Sucre 1 July

Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi
Singles in the Llanos, 2 Guarounous, Sucre 1 July

Great Egret Egretta alba
Common in wetlands.  About 500 in one wetland south of San Fernando 22 June

Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor
About 25 along the coast.

Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Fairly common in the Llanos, 1 along the coast west of Barcelona 2 July

Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Fairly common in the Llanos and Guarounous, Sucre.

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Common

Striated Heron Butorides striatus
Singles in suitable habitat.

Yellow-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax violaceus
4 on a boat trip at Hato el Cedral, Llanos 21 June

Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Singles in suitable habitat.  About 25 in the same wetland as the huge number of Great Egrets south of San Fernando.

Rufescent Tiger-heron Tigrisoma lineatum
Singles in the Llanos

Least Bittern Ixobrynchus exilis
1 male Guarounous, Sucre 1 July

Wood Stork Mycteria americana
About 50 in the Llanos.

Maguari Stork Ciconia maguari
Common in the Llanos, 1 near the Orinoco 29 June

Jabiru Ephippiorhynchus mycteria
Common near Hato el Cedral and singles elsewhere in the Llanos.

Buff-necked Ibis Theristicus caudatus
Fairly common in the Llanos.

Sharp-tailed Ibis Cercibis oxycerca
6 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21 June

Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis
1 heard Guarounous, Sucre 1 July

Bare-faced Ibis Phimosus infuscatus
Fairly common Llanos.

American White Ibis Eudicmus albus
2 im Hato el Cedral and 3 in a big flock of Scarlet Ibises between San Fernando and Mantecal 21 June

Scarlet Ibis Eudicmus ruber
Some flocks in the Llanos.  5 Guarounous 1 July, 5 along the coast west of Barcelona 2 July.

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
10 Llanos 20 June and 1 south of San Fernando 22 July

Roseate Spoonbill Ajaia ajaja
Singles in the Llanos and along the north coast.

American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
1 along the north coast west of Barcelona 2 July

White-faced Whistling-duck Dendrocygna viduata
Common in the Llanos.

Black-bellied Whistling-duck Dendrocygna autumnalis
Common in the Llanos.

Orinoco Goose Neochen jubatus
30 at Hato el Cedral 21 June and 6 south of San Fernando 22 June

Muscovy Duck Carinia moschata
3 south of San Fernando 22 June

Brazilian Duck Amazonetta brasiliensis
2 Hato el Cedral 21 June

White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis
10 along the coast east of Barcelona 1 July and 200 west of Barcelona 2 July

Blue-winged Teal Anas discors
1 male along the coast east of Barcelona 1 July

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Common

Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus
Fairly common in the Llanos and open country south of Orinoco.

Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus
Singles in the rainforest at Rio Grande and Escalera area.

American Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Common

King Vulture Sarcorhampus papa
Singles in forested areas.  1 im in the Llanos 21 June

Osprey Pandion haliaetus
1 Llanos 21 June

American Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
Fairly common in small groups.

Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii
1 by the ferry north of Orinoco 22 June, 2 between Ciudad Guayana and El Palmar 23 June, 1 along the road west of Barcelona 2 July.

White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus
Singles in the Llanos and Sucre

Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis
2 Llanos 20 June and 5 21 June

Slender-billed Kite Rostrhamus hamatus
1 Vuelta Larga, Guarounous, Sucre 1 July

Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus
At least 2 different birds at the Escalera 25-28 June

Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea
Fairly common in small flocks from Llanos and eastwards.

Tiny Sparrowhawk Accipiter superciliosus
1 seen at about km 112 Escalera 26 June

White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis
2-3 seen at Gran Sabana 25-27 June

Grey-lined Hawk Asturnia (Buteo) nitidus
1 Rio Grande 23 June

Common Black Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus
1 Guatapo NP 2 July

Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga
1 Ocumare Rd, Henri Pittier 19 June, 2 Hato el Cedral 21 June

Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis
About 20 in the Llanos 20-22 June

Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis
Common in the Llanos.  2 Vuelta Larga, Sucre 1 July

Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus
1 Hato el Cedral 21 June, 1 Vuelta Larga, Sucre 1 July

Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
Singles throughout

Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus
1 Rio Grande 24 June, 1 near Maturin, Monegas 29 June

White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus
Singles in most places

Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja
1 female on the nest at Rio Grande 24 June
According to the guide the birds have an egg in the nest.  3 nests are Known in the area.

Black Hawk-eagle Spizaetus tyrannus
1 Guatapo NP 2 July

Red-throated Caracara Daptrius americanus
4 in the forest near the Harpy nest, Rio Grande 24 June

Crested Caracara Polyborus cheriway
Common in open areas.

Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima
Common in open areas.

Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans
1 north of San Isidro 28 and 29 June, 2 heard Vuelta Larga 1 July

Collared Forest-falcon Micrastur semitorquatus
1 near Rancho Grande, HP 20 June

American Kestrel Falco sparverius
About 10 seen in the open areas on transport days 22-23 June and 29 June

Bat Falcon Falco rufigullaris
2 along the road north of San Isidro 24 June and 3 Guarounous 30 June

Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis
1 Llanos 21 June and 2 south of San Fernando 22 June

Rufous-vented Chachalaca Ortalis ruficauda
3 Hato el Cedral 21 June, 1 heard Vuelta larga 1 July and 1 seen along the road east of Piritu.

Band-tailed Guan Penelope argyrotis
7 in a group on the Choroní Rd, HP 19 June

Spix's Guan Penelope jacquacau
1 seen and heard on the Escalera 26 June

Yellow-knobbed Curassow Crax daubentoni
Gripping views of one walking along the riverbank at Hato el Cedral 21 June

Crested Bobwhite Colinus cristatus
2 on the road south of El Palmar 24 June

Venezuela Wood-quail Odontophorus columbianus
1-2 heard on the Choroní Rd, HP 19 June

Limpkin Aramus guarauna
About 25 seen in the Llanos 20-22 June and 10 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Grey-necked Wood-rail Eulabeornis cajaneus
1 Llanos 20 June, 6 Hato el Cedral 21 June and 1 Rio Grande 24 June

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
5 in the Llanos 20 June, 25 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Azure Gallinule Gallinula flavirostris
1 Hato el Cedral 21 June, 1 south of San Fernando 22 June and 2 Vuelta Larga 1 July

American Purple Gallinule Gallinula martinica
2 Llanos 20 June, 1 Hato el Cedral 21 June, 2+4 near El Palmar 23-24 June

Caribbean Coot Fulica caribaea
6 along the coast east of Bacelona 1 July

Sunbittern Eurypyga helias
3 Hato el Cedral 21 June

Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana
Common in wetlands

Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus
20 along the coast east of Barcelona 1 July, 100 west of Piritu 2 July

Double-striped Stone-curlew Burhinus bistriatus
2 south of San Fernando 22 June

Pied Lapwing Vanellus cayanusa
Common in the Llanos

Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis
Fairly common to common in wetlands

Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
10 west of Piritu 2 July

Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia
3 along the coast east of Barcelona 1 July

Collared Plover Charadrius collaris
2 Hato el Cedral 21 June, 1 on the Orinoco 22 June, 10 along the coast east of Barcelona 1 July, 10 along the coast west of Piritu 2 July

Hudsonian Wimbrel Numenius hudsonicus
2 along the coast west of Piritu 2 July

Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
2 near the coast in barcelona 1 July, 8 along the coast west of Piritu 2 July

Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
1 along the coast west of piritu 2 July

South American Snipe Gallinago paraquaiae
4 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21 June, 1 south of San Fernando 22 June

Laughing Gull Larus atricilla
3 on the Orinoco 29 June, 3 Guarounous 30 June, 4 along the coast east of Barcelona 1 July, 10 along the coast west of Piritu 2 July

Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex
Common in the Llanos with about 50 seen 21 June and 300 22 June, most of these south of San Fernando but also a few along the Orinoco.
4 Vuelta Larga 1 July, 10 along the coast west of Piritu 2 July

Common Tern Sterna hirundo
10 near the coast west of Piritu 2 July

Yellow-billed Tern Sterna superciliaris
4 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Royal Tern Sterna maximus
2 along the coast east of Barcelona 1 July, 4 west of Piritu 2 July

Black Skimmer Rynchops niger
4 in the Llanos 21 June and 20 south of San Fernando 22 June, 1200 east of Barcelona in a huge flock, 100 west of Piritu 2 July

Rock Dove Columba livia
Seen daily

Bare-eyed Pigeon Columba corensis
3 along the road west of Piritu 2 July

Pale-vented Pigeon Columba cayennensis
Fairly common in most places.

Ruddy Pigeon Columba subvinacea
1 on a nest at the Harpy site, Rio Grande 23 June

Eared Dove Zenaida ariculata
fairly common in open places.

Ruddy Ground-dove Columbina talpacoti
Common

Scaly Dove Scardafella squammata
Fairly common in Llanos and open places.

White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
1 HP 20 June, 10 Llanos 21 June, 1 Vuelta larga 1 July

Lined Quail-dove Geotrygon linearis
2 heard Ocumare Rd, HP 20 June

Ruddy Quail-dove Geotrygon montana
2 Rio Grande 23-24 June

Scarlet Macaw Ara macao
3 between San Fernando and Mantecal 20 June

Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloroptera
2+2 Escalera 26-27 June
About 10 more large, red macaws where seen on the Escalera but could not be safely identified.

Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severa
9 south of the Orinoco 22 June

Red-bellied Macaw Ara manilata
6 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Red-shouldered Macaw Ara nobilis
1 with the Chestnut-fronted Macaws south of the Orinoco 22 June

Red (Scarlet) -fronted Parakeet Aratinga wagleri
About 50 on the Choroní Rd, HP 19/1

White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus
2 Guarounous 30 June and 300 vuelta Larga 1 July

Brown-throated Parakeet Aratinga perintax
20 along the road near a café south of Maturin 29 June

White-eared (Maroon-faced) ParakeetPyrrhura leucotis
20 around the Oilbird cave near Caripe 30 June

Painted Parakeet Pyrrhura picta
25 Rio Grande 23 June and 2 24 June

Fiery-shouldered Parakeet Pyrrhura egregia
8 Escalera 26 June

Red-eared Parakeet Pyrrhura hoematotis
50 HP 19 June mainly near the pass on the Choroní Rd, 10 Rancho Grande 20 June

Green-rumped Parrotlet Forpus passerinus
20 HP 19 June and 15 in HP and along the way south 20 June, 25 in the Llanos 21 June

Dusky-billed Parrotlet Forpus sclateri
1 Rio Grande 23 June

Orange-chinned Parakeet Brotogeris jugularis
20 in the Llanos 20 June and 5 21 June

Golden-winged Parakeet Brotogeris chrysopterus
5 Rio Grande 23 June and 10 24 June, 4 Escalera 26 June

Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus
1 Escalera 26 June, 9 north of San Isidro 28 June

Red-billed Parrot Pionus sordidus
20 HP 19 June and 5 20 June

Dusky Parrot Pionus fuscus
9 just north of San Isidro 26 June

Blue-cheeked Amazon Amazona dufresniana
Seen just north of San Isidro 4+5+2 25-27 June

Festive Amazon Amazona festiva
2 flying across the Orinoco 22 June

Yellow-crowned Amazon Amazona ochrocephala
4 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21 June

Orange-winged Amazon Amazona amazonica
Small groups in the lowlands, more common in the northeast.

Mealy Amazon Amazona farinosa
2 Rio Grande 24 June

Red-fan Parrot Deroptyus accipitrinus
4 km 86 25 June and 3 km 70 28 June

Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin
About 30 Hato el Cedral 21 June

Dwarf Cuckoo Coccyzus pumilus
1 by the guard station at Hato el Cedral 21 June

Dark-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus melacoryphus
2 by the ferry on the north bank of the Orinoco 22 June

Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
Singles in most places.  9 seen in total.

Little Cuckoo Piaya minuta
1 Guarounous 30 June

Greater Ani Crotophaga major
25 in the Llanos and Hato el Cedral 21 June and 5 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
Common

Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris
Fairly common in the Llanos Most of the Anis where not specifically identified.

Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia
10 south of San Fernando 22 June

Stygian Owl Asio stygius
2 heard Rancho Grande 19 June

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
1 south of San Fernando 22 June

Oilbird Steatornis caripensis
At least 1000 at the cave near Caripe 29 June  This was a spectacular experience!

Blackish Nightjar Caprimulgus nigrescens
1 ad + 1 chick near the Harpy nest, Rio Grande 24 June

White-chinned Swift Cypseloides cryptus
1 seen in a flock with other swifts at km 70 28 June

Chestnut-collared Swift Cypseloides rutilus
30 Rancho Grande 19 June

Tepui Swift Cypseloides phelpsi
10 km 123 Escalera 25 June and 25 28 June

White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
Common HP and Escalera

Band-rumped Swift Chaetura spinicauda
50 Rio Grande 23 June and 50 km 70 28 June

Grey-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris
15 Rancho Grande 20 June

Ashy-tailed Swift Chaetura andrei
10 km 70 28 June

Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura
Seen in lowlands with 20 south of the Orinoco 22 June and near El Palmar
24 June and 30 June  15 Vuelta Larga 1 July

White-tipped Swift Aeronautes montivagus
About 50 Rancho Grande; HP 20 June, common Oilbird cave, Caripe 30 June

Fork-tailed Palm-swift Tachornis squamata
5 Maracay 19 June, 50 south of the Orinoco 22 June, 5 daily in Sucre 30 June-1 July

Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis
1 north of San Isidro 26 June

Green Hermit Phaethornis guy
5 along the main trail opposite the Oilbird cave 30 June

Eastern Long-tailed Hermit Phaethornis superciliosus
1 near the Harpy nest, Rio Grande 24 June

Pale-bellied Hermit Phaethornis anthophilus
1 Ocumare Rd, HP 20 June

White-bearded Hermit Phaethornis hispidus
1 Escalera 26 June and 1 ad feeding a fledged juvenile at km 111 28 June

Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber
1 north of San Isidro 25 June

Little Hermit Phaethornis longuemareus
5 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Stripe-throated Hermit Phaethornis striigularis
2 Choroní Rd, HP 19 June  This is a split from Little Hermit.

White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora
4 Ocumare Rd, HP 20 June, 1 Rio Grande 24 June, 2 km 92 26 June

Green-throated Mango Anthrocothorax viridigula
1 Guarounous 30 June

Black-throated Mango Anthrocothorax nigricollis
5 Ocumare Rd, HP 20 June, 1 El Palmar 23 June, 4 Guarounous 30 June, 5 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Ruby-topaz Hummingbird Chrysolampis mosquitus
1 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Tufted Coquette Lophornis ornata
1 female in the garden at Muller's, Guarounous 30 June

Peacock Coquette Lophornis pavonina
2 females in a flowering tree upper Escalera 26 June

Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus
1 by the ferry on the north bank of the Orinoco 22 June and 1 Rio Grande 23 June

Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thaluraina furcata
Singles on the Escalera 25-28 June

Tepui Goldenthroat Polytmus milleri
1 Gran Sabana 26 June

Glittering-throated Emerald Polyerata fimbriata
1 by the ferry on the north bank of the Orinoco 22 June, 3 El Palmar 23 June, 5 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Copper-rumped Hummingbird Amazilia tobaci
3 Guarounous 30 June, 2 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Long-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus kingi
6 Henri Pittier 19 June and 5 20 June  At Rancho Grande they have a feeder which attracts Long-tailed Sylph.

Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx aurita
1 km 92 25 June and 1 km 112 28 June

Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris
1 Guarounous 30 June

White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis
1 km 87 26 June

Collared Trogon Trogon collaris
2 Choroní Rd, HP 19 June

Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus
1 Rio Grande 23 June and 2 24 June

Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata
Singles near wetlands

Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona
Singles HP and the Llanos, 1 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana
2 at a nest Ocumare Rd, HP 20 June

Green-tailed Jacamar Galbula galbula
2 Rio Grande 23 June, 1 north of San Isidro 26 June

Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda
10 HP 19 June and 2 20 June

Paradise Jacamar Galbula dea
2 Rio Grande 24 June, 14 seen in the lowlands north of San Isidro 25-28 June

Russet-throated Puffbird Hypnelus ruficollis
1 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Black Nunbird Monasa atra
2 km 92 25 June

Swallow-wing Chelidoptera tenebrosa
Fairly common in the lowlands at Rio Grande south to San Isidro

Black-spotted Barbet Capito niger
1 Rio Grande 24 June, 2 north of San Isidro 25 June, 4 26 June and 6 28 June

Groove-billed Toucanet Aulacorhynchus sulcatus
4+5 HP 19-20 June, 5 Oilbird cave, Caripe 30 June

Chestnut-tipped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus derbianus
3 km 111 27 June, 1 km 112 28 June

Green Aracari Pteroglossus viridis
2 Rio Grande 23 June, 5 north of San Isidro 25 June and 4 26 June

Black-necked Aracari Pteroglossus aracari
4 Rio Grande 24 June, fairly common north of San Isidro

Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus
2 km 92 25 June

Red-billed Toucan Ramphastos tucanus
Singles Rio Grande-San Isidro

Golden-spangled Piculet Picumnus exilis
1 Rio Grande 23 June and 3 24 June, 2 Escalera 28 June

Scaled Piculet Picumnus squamulatus
3 Choroní Rd, HP 19 June, 2 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Black-dotted Piculet Picumnus nigropunctatus
1 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus
Common Rio Grande-San Isidro

Red-crowned Woodpecker Melanerpes rubricapillus
Fairly common in the lowlands

Smoky-brown Woodpecker Veniliornis fumigatus
2 HP 19 June

Golden-collared Woodpecker Veniliornis cassini
2 Escalera 25 June

Red-rumped Woodpecker Veniliornis kirkii
2 km 127 Escalera 27 June

Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula
3 Rio Grande 24 June, 1 Escalera 25 June

Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus
4 HP 19 June, 1 Rio Grande 24 June, 1 Escalera 27 June

Spot-breasted Woodpecker Colaptes punctigula
2 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Scale-breasted Woodpecker Celeus grammicus
2 Rio Grande 24 June

Cream-coloured Woodpecker Celeus flavus
2 Guarounous 30 June, 1 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus
1 Llanos 21 June, 1 Guarounous 30 June, 1 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis
4 Escalera 26 June and 2 27 June

Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos
1 Rio Grande 24 June

Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa
3 Rancho Grande 19 June, 1 Escalera 27 June

Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus
1 Henri Pittier 19 June, 3 Escalera 25-28 June

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorhynchus spirurus
1 Rio Grande 24 June, 3 km 87 28 June

Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
1 Rancho Grande 20 June, 1 Oilbird cave 29 June

Barred Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes certhia
1 km 111 28 June

Straight-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus picus
2 Llanos 21 June

Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus pardalotus
1 km 112 Escalera 28 June

Buff-throated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatus
1 HP 20 June, 1 San Isidro 25 June

Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii
2 Escalera 26 June

Spot-crowned Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes affinis
1 HP 19 June

Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilirostris
1 Rancho Grande, HP 21 June

Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens
2 km 118 Escalera 28 June

Tepui Spinetail Cranioleuca demissa
2 km 132 Escalera 27 June

Crested Spinetail Cranioleuca subcristata
6 Rancho Grande 19 June, 2 Oilbird cave 30 June

Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomea
Fairly common in wetlands

Common Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons
3 Hato el Cedral 21 June

Guttulated Foliage-Gleaner Philydor guttatus
1 Choroní Rd, HP 19 June

Montane Foliage-Gleaner Anabacerthia striaticollis
15 HP 19 June mainly Choroní Rd and 2 Ocumare Rd 20 June

Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus
5 HP, mainly Choroní Rd 19/1 and 1 Ocumare Rd 20 June

Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans
4 Ocumare Rd, HP 19 June

Great Antshrike Taraba major
1 Rio Grande 23 June

Pygmy Antwren Myrmotherula brachyura
2 km 87 26 June

Brown-bellied Antwren Myrmotherula gutturalis
1 km 112 28 June

Slaty Antwren Myrmotherula schisticolor
1 on the trail behind Rancho Grande, HP 19 June

Todd¹s Antwren Herpsilochmus stictocephalus
1 km 87 25 June, 2 km 112 26 June, and 1 27 June

Ash-winged Antwren Terenura spodioptila
1 km 87 26 June

Grey Antbird Cercomacra cinerascens
1 Rio Grande 23 June

Black-throated Antbird Myrmeciza atrothorax
4 km 87 26 June

White-plumed Antbird Pithys albifrons
10 in a flock km 100 27 June

Rufous-throated Antbird Gymnopithys rufigula
2 with the White-plumed 27 June

Scale-backed Antbird Hylophylax poecilinota
1 km 87 28 July

Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis
1 on the trail behind Rancho Grande 19 June

Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza campanisona
1 on the longer trail behind Rancho Grande 20 June

Tepui Antpitta Myrmothera simplex
1 seen Escalera 26 June and 2 heard 27-28 June

Slender-footed Tyrannulet Zimmerius graciliceps
6 Rio Grande 23 June

Southern Beardless Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum
1 Oilbird cave 30 June

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus
2 north of San Isidro 26 June

Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
2 HP 19 June, 1 Oilbird cave 30 June, 20 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Small-billed Elaenia Elaenia parvirostris
2 lower Choroní Rd, HP 19 June, 1 HP 20 June

Plain-crested Elaenia Elaenia cristata
3 Gran Sabana 26 June

Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus
2 Rio Grande 23 June

Slaty-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon superciliaris
1 Oilbird cave 30 June

Black-fronted Tyrannulet Phylloscartes nigrifrons
3 km 133 Escalera 27 June

Venezuelan Bristle Tyrant Phylloscartes venezuelanus
2 near the pass on the Choroní Rd, HP 19 June

Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus galeatus
1 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
8 Llanos 21 June, 3 El Palmar 23 June, 5 Guarounous 30 June, 1 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens
5 Ocumare Rd, HP 19 June and 1 20 June

Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus
1 km 87 28 June

Euler¹s Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri
1 Llanos 21 June

Cinnamon Flycatcher Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea
5 HP 19 June and 2 20 June

Smoke-coloured Pewee Contopus fumigatus
1 Escalera 25 June and 3 27 June

Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus
2 near the pass on the Choroní Rd, HP 19 June

Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans
8 Rancho Grande 19-20 June, 1 Guarounous 30 June

Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus
1 in the Llanos north of San Fernando 20 June

Pied Water Tyrant Fluvicola pica
Fairly common near water

White-headed Marsh Tyrant Fluvicola leucocephala
Fairly common near water

Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus
2 Rio Grande 23 June, 1 km 87 25 June

Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea
3 km 100 Escalera on a big cliff.

Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus
25 Llanos 21 June and 2 22 June, 2 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus
1 heard Vuelta Larga 1 July

Greyish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex
1 Rio Grande 24 June

Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer
2 HP 19 June

Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Common except on Escalera

Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lictor
2 Guarounous 30 June

Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarhynchus pitangua
1 Ocumare Rd, HP 19 June, 1 Oilbird cave 30 June

Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis
2 Llanos 20 June, 5 Guarounous 30 June

Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
Common

Yellow-throated Flycatcher Conopias parva
5 Rio Grande 24 June, 1 north of San Isidro 25 June

White-bearded Flycatcher Phelpsia inornata
1 Hato el Cedral 21 June

Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus
Common HP 19-20 June, 2 km 87 28 June, 3 Caripe 30 June

Golden-crowned Flycatcher Myiodynastes chrysocephalus
1+4 HP 19-20 June

Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius
2 north of San Isidro 25 June and 1 26 June

Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius
Singles south of the Orinoco

Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Common

Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
Common

Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis
Fairly common in the Llanos

Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis
1 km 112 Escalera 28 June

Cinereous Becard Pachyramphus rufus
1 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus
1 Choroní Rd, HP 19 June

Pink-throated Becard Pachyramphus minor
3 Rancho Grande 24 June, 2 north of San Isidro 25 June

Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana
1 HP 19 June, 2 Rio Grande 23 June

Crimson-hooded Manakin Pipra aureola
1 Rancho Grande 1 July

Golden-breasted Fruiteater Pipreola aureopectus
5 at the pass on the Choroní Rd, HP 19 June

Handsome Fruiteater Pipreola formosa
1 female with the Golden-breasted 19 June and 1 male Ocumare Rd 20 June

Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans
Seen and heard Rio Grande 23-24 June, heard north of San Isidro 25 June

Rose-coloured Piha Lipaugus streptophorus
1 km 120 Escalera 28 June

Purple-breasted Cotinga Cotinga cotinga
1 km 87 26 June

Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana
2 north of San Isidro 25 June and 2 km 87 26 June

Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea
1 km 100 Escalera 25 June

Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata
1 Rio Grande 24 June

Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus
1 Caroni River near El Dorado 24 June

Capuchinbird Perissocephalus tricolor
2 heard km 87 26 June and 1 heard 28 June

White Bellbird Procnias alba
Fairly common middle Escalera.  About 10 seen but more heard

Bearded Bellbird Procnias averano
Singles middle Escalera.  A few seen and more heard.  White is the more common

Guianan Cock Of The Rock Rupicola rupicola
1 female seen flying across the road at km 111 28 June

Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus
2 in a big flock at km 112 Escalera 28 June

White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer
Singles to fairly common near water

Brown-chested Martin Phaeoprogne tapera
Fairly common

Grey-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
Common

Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca
Fairly common in moutainous areas

White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata
3 Caroni bridge 24 June, 1 km 92 25 June

Black-collared Swallow Atticora melanoleuca
50 Caroni bridge 24 June

Tawny-headed Swallow Alopochelidon fuscata
Singles Gran Sabana 25-26 June

Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
Singles

Black-capped Donacobius Donacoibus atricapillus
1 between San Fernado and Mantecal 21 June

Stripe-backed Wren Campylorhynchus nuchalis
2 Hato el Cedral 21 June, 5 Guarounous 30 June, 8 Vuelta Larga 1 July, 3 west of Piritu 2 July

Coraya Wren Thryothorus coraya
2 km 111 Escalera 27-28 June

Buff-breasted Wren Thryothorus leucotis
3 HP 20 June

House Wren Troglodytes aedon
Singles HP, Llanos and Sucre

Flutist Wren Microcerculus ustulatus
1 heard km 112 Escalera 28 June

Tropical Mockingbird Mimus gilvus
Common

Orange-billed Nightingale Thrush Catharus aurantiirostris
1 on the trail opposite the Oilbird cave 30 June

Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes
3 HP 19 June

Glossy-black Thrush Turdus serranus
5 near the pass on the Choroní Rd, HP 19 June, 1 at the Oilbird cave 30 June

Black-hooded Thrush Turdus olivater
1 Rancho Grande 20 June, 1 Escalera 25 June

Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas
10 daily Hp 19-20 June, 5 Oilbird cave 30 June

Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis
2 Escalera 28 June

Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus nudigenis
3 Ocumare Rd, HP 19 June and 4 20 June, 1 Llanos 22 June, 1 Oilbird cave 30 June

White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis
2 km 111 Escalera 28 June

Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea
2 between Maracay and San Fernando 20 June, 1 west of Piritu 2 July

Guianan Gnatcatcher Polioptila guianensis
2 north of San Isidro 25 June

Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
Singles on the Escalera and Gran Sabana

Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis
1 Llanos 21 June and 1 south of San Fernando 22 June

Yellow-browed Sparrow Ammodramus aurifrons
3 Hato el Cedral 21 June

Orange-fronted Yellow-Finch Sicalis colombiana
2 between Maracay and San Fernando 20 June

Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola
Common in the Llanos, 4 west of Piritu 2 July

Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
Common

Grey Seedeater Sporophila intermedia
1 Llanos 20 June and 5 21 June, 5 Guarounous 30 June

Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola
Singles in the southeast

Lesson's Seedeater Sporophila bouvronides
2 Llanos 21 June

Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis
Singles in the Llanos and HP, 5 north of the Oilbird cave 30 June

Ruddy-breasted Seedeater Sporophila minuta
Singles in the Llanos, 10 daily on the Gran Sabana 26-27 June, 1 Vuelta Larga 1 July

Lesser Seed Finch Oryzoborus angolensis
5 Rio Grande 23 June and 1 24 June, 2 north of San Isidro 25 June and 1 28 June

Ochre-breasted Brush Finch Atlapetes semirufa
10 HP 19 June, 3 Oilbird cave 30 June

Tepui Brush Finch Atlapetes personatus
10 Escalera 27 June

Gray Pileated-Finch Coryphospingus pileatus
1 between Maracay and San Fernando 20/1

Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis
Fairly common in the Llanos

Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis
10 north of San Isidro 25 June and 28 June

Slate-colored Grosbeak Pitylus grossus
1 north of San Isidro 26 June

Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
3 HP 19-20 June along the Ocumare Rd

Greyish Saltator Saltator coerulescens
Singles in suitable habitat

Orinocan Saltator Saltator orenocensis
1 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21 June

Streaked Saltator Saltator striatipectus
5 along the Ocumare Rd, HP 19 June

Ultramarine Grosbeak Cyanocompsa brissonii
2 south of Maracay 20 June

Black-faced Tanager Schistoclamys melanopis
3 Gran Sabana 26 June

Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana
5 Rio Grande 23 June, 2 north of San Isidro 25 June and 28 June

Common Bush Tanager Chlorospingus ophtalmicus
Common HP

Fulvous-headed Tanager Thlypopsis fulviceps
10 HP 19 June

Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis
2 Escalera 25 June and 1 26 June

Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata
1 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21 June

Olive-backed Tanager Mitrospingus oleagineus
Fairly common Escalera

Fulvous Shrike-Tanager Lanio fulvus
1 km 112 Escalera 28 June

Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus
1 km 87 north of San Isidro 26 June

Fulvous-crested Tanager Tachyphonus surinamus
1 north of San Isidro 25 June

White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus
1 south of Maracay 20 June

White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus
Fairly common in HP, singles elsewhere in semi-open habitat

Red-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus phoenicius
2 km 122 Escalera 25 June

White-winged Tanager Piranga leucoptera
5 Ocumare Rd, HP 19 June, 2 San Isidro 27 June, 3 Guarounous 30 June

Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo
Common in most places

Blue-grey Tanager Thraupis episcopus
Common

Glaucous Tanager Thraupis glaucocolpa
1 south of Maracay 20/1, 1 west of San Fernando 21 June, 20 Rio Grande 23 June, 10 north of San Isidro 28 June, 5 west of Piritu 2 July

Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Common

Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala
Common HP 19 June

Blue-winged Mountain Tanager Ansiognathus flavinucha
10 near the pass on the Choroní Rd, HP 19 June

Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea
5 Rio Grande 23 June

Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris
2 Ocumare Rd, HP 20 June

Golden-bellied Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta
2 Rio Grande 23 June, 5 north of San Isidro 26 June

White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta
1 north of San Isidro 27 June

Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster
2 HP 19 June

Golden-sided Euphonia Euphonia cayennensis
1 Rio Grande 24 June

Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea
1 near the pass in the Choroní Rd, HP 19 June

Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana
10 Rio Grande 23 June, 2 north of San Isidro 25 June

Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis
5 Escalera 25 June and 25 27 June

Golden Tanager Tangara arthus
10 HP 19 June and 3 20 June

Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra
Fairly common Escalera

Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata
1 Escalera 25 June

Speckled Tanager Tangara guttata
Singles HP, Escalera and Oilbird cave

Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola
Singles HP, Escalera and Oilbird cave

Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana
4 Ocumare Rd, HP 19 June, 1 El Palmar 23 June

Rufous-cheeked Tanager Tangara rufigenis
1 near the pass on the Choroní Rd, HP 19 June

Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis
4 ChoronÍ Rd 19 June

Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta
3 Escalera 25 June and 1 26 June

Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis
10 HP 19 June, mainly Choroní Rd

Black-headed Tanager Tangara cyanoptera
2 km 122 Escalera 25 June and 2 27 June

Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata
6 north of San Isidro 25 June and 2 28 June

Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana
Singles Rio Grande and north of San Isidro

Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza
2 HP 19 June, fairly common Escalera

Short-billed Honeycreeper Cyanerpes nitidus
2 Rio Grande 23 June

Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus
3 Rio Grande 24 June, Fairly common Escalera

Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus
Fairly common Escalera

Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis
25 HP 19 June and 10 29 June

Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
Fairly common

Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi
5 HP 19 June, singles Escalera, 10 Oilbird cave 30 June

Slate-throated Redstart Myioborus miniatus
25 HP 19-20 June, singles Escalera

Two-banded Warbler Basileuterus bivittatus
2 km 112 Escalera 28 June

Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
1 HP 19 June, 10 Oilbird cave 30 June

Three-striped Warbler Basileuterus tristriatus
25 HP 19 June, including recently fledged.

Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum
1 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21 June

Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
3 Ocumare Rd, HP 19 June

Chivi Vireo Vireo chivi
1 HP 20 June

Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys
2 HP 19 June and 1 20 June

Tepui Greenlet Hylophilus sclateri
5 km 132-133 Escalera 27 June

Golden-fronted Greenlet Hylophilus aurantiifrons
1 between San Fernando and Mantecal 21 June

Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus
Common

Green Oropendola Psarocolius viridis
20 Rio Grande 24 June, 1 north of San Isidro 26 June

Russet-backed Oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons
50 HP 19 June

Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela
Common in wetlands

Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous
2 north of San Isidro 25 June

Yellow-backed Oriole Icterus chrysater
1 north of San Fernando 20 June

Yellow Oriole Icterus nigrogularis
Fairly common in wetlands and open habitat

Orange-crowned Oriole Icterus auricapillus
1 Rio Grande 23 June

Troupial Icterus icterus
1 north of San Fernando 20 June, 5 Llanos 21 June

Oriole Blackbird Gymnomystax mexicanus
Fairly common in the Llanos, 1 west of Piritu 2 July

Yellow-hooded Blackbird Agelaius icterocephalus
Common in the Llanos, 1 El Palmar 24 June, 10 Guarounous 30 June, 10 west of Piritu 2 July

Red-breasted Blackbird Leistes militaris
Singles in open grassland

Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna
Singles in open grassland

Tepui Mountain Grackle Macroagelaius imthurni
30 upper Escalera 27 June and 20 28 June

Carib Grackle Quiscalus lugubris
Common in the north and Llanos

Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
5 Llanos 21 June, 1 Guarounous 30 June

Giant Cowbird Scaphidura oryzivora
3 Rio Grande 23 June, 2 Guarounous 30 June

Cayenne Jay Cyanocorax cayanus
Singles around San Isidro

Inca Jay Cyanocorax yncas
20 HP 19 June, 20 Oilbird cave 30 June
 

PROBLEM BIRDS
 

Black Solitary Eagle Harpyhaliaetus solitarius
1 most probably this species over the Oilbird cave at Caripe 30 June.  According to the literature this species shouldn't be here.  However, no other options seems likely as it clearly looked bigger than Great Black-hawk.

Grey-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans
1 seen near the Rio Cauroni 24 June  This bird was near human habitation, and there were also people and dogs near the bird so it does not seem like a wild one.

Tepui Parrotlet Nannopsittaca panychlora
6 most probably this species Rio Grande 23 June  The birds did have yellow in the face.

Pale-tipped Tyrannulet Inezia subflava
1 Oilbird cave 30 June, that looked like this species with white outer tail feathers but altitude far too high according to the literature.