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As amended: 08 October 1998

by Richard Palmer

This list of the endemic birds of Mexico was compiled from A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America by Steve N.G.Howell and Sophie Webb.  Known changes which have occurred since their book was published have been made.  This includes listing order, spelling and species names.

My definition of endemic was used, not Howell's: I defined "as birds which do not normally occur outside of Mexico", especially (but not entirely) during the breeding season.  In other words, if you want to see this species you would normally have to go to Mexico and no other country in the world.

This list includes several races which have not yet been accepted as full species by the American Ornithologists Union' (hereafter the AOU).  They are marked by an * before the species number.

My thanks to Bob Behrstock, Craig Faanes, Marty Michener, and Pat O'Donnell for catching errors and omissions on the previous version of the list and most of all for letting me know of them.

Further corrections are encouraged, send them to me at:

1. Rufous-bellied Chachalaca, Ortalis wagleri
2. West Mexican Chachalaca, Ortalis poliocephala
3. Bearded Wood-Partridge, Dendrortyx barbatus
4. Long-tailed Wood-Partridge, Dendrortyx macroura
5. Elegant Quail, Callipepla douglasii
6. Banded Quail, Philortyx fasciatus
7. Tuxtla Quail-Dove, Geotrygon carrikeri (Split off from Purplish-backed Quail-Dove)
*8. Socorro Parakeet, Aratinga brevipes
9. Thick-billed Parrot, Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha
10. Maroon-fronted Parrot, Rhynchopsitta terrisi
11. Mexican (Blue-rumped) Parrotlet, Forpus cyanopygius
12. Red-crowned Parrot, Amazona viridigenalis (Endemic status now questionable due to escaped cage birds and introduced
       populations in the U.S.A.)
13. Lilac-crowned Parrot, Amazona finschi
14. Balsas Screech-Owl, Otus seductus
*15. Cape Pygmy-Owl, Glaucidium hoskinsii
16. Tamaulipas Pygmy-Owl, Glaucidium sanchezi
17. Colima Pygmy-Owl, Glaucidium palmarum
18. Eared Poorwill, Nyctiphrynus mcleodii
19. Tawny-collared Nightjar, Caprimulgus salvini
20. White-naped Swift, Streptoprocne semicollaris
*21. Mexican Hermit, Phaethornis mexicanus
22. Long-tailed Sabrewing, Campylopterus excellens
23. Short-crested Coquette, Lophornis brachylopha
24. Golden-crowned Emerald, Chlorstilbon auriceps
25. Cozumel Emerald, Chlorstilbon forficatus
26. Dusky Hummingbird, Cynanthus sordidus
*27. Doubleday's Hummingbird, Cynanthus doubledayi
28. Mexican Woodnymph, Thalurania ridgwayi
29. Xantus's Hummingbird, Hylocharis xantusii (Formerly Basilinna xantusii)
30. Green-fronted Hummingbird, Amazilia viridifrons
*31. Cinnamon-sided Hummingbird, Amazilia wagneri
32. White-tailed Hummingbird, Eupherusa poliocerca
33. Blue-capped Hummingbird, Eupherusa cyanophrys
34. Mexican Sheartail, Doricha eliza (Formery Calothorax eliza)
35. Beautiful Hummingbird, Calothorax pulcher
36. Bumblebee Hummingbird, Atthis heloisa (Formery Selasphorus heloisa)
37. Citreoline Trogon, Trogon citreolus
38. Eared Trogon, Euptilotis neoxenus
39. Golden-cheeked Woodpecker, Melanerpes chrysogenys (Formerly Centurus chrysogenys)
40. Gray-breasted Woodpecker, Melanerpes hypopolius (Formerly Centurus hypopolius)
*41. Strickland's Woodpecker, Picoides stricklandi (Endemic status assumes Arizona Woodpecker is split off from Strickland's Woodpecker.)
*42. Bronze-winged Woodpecker, Piculus aeruginosus
43. Gray-crowned Woodpecker, Piculus auricularis
44. White-striped Woodcreeper, Lepidocolaptes leucogaster
45. Pileated Flycatcher, Xenotriccus mexicanus
46. Flammulated Flycatcher, Deltarhynchus flammulatus
47. Slaty Vireo, Vireo brevipennis
48. Cozumel Vireo, Vireo bairdi
49. Dwarf Vireo, Vireo nelsoni
50. Golden Vireo Vireo hypochryseus
51. Black-throated Magpie-Jay, Calocitta colliei
52. Tufted Jay, Cyanocorax dickeyi
53. San Blas Jay, Cyanocorax sanblasianus
54. Purplish-backed Jay, Cyanocorax beecheii
55. Dwarf Jay, Cyanolyca nana
56. White-throated Jay, Cyanolyca mirabilis
57. Sinaloa Crow, Corvus sinaloae
58. Gray-barred Wren, Campylorhynchus megalopterus
59. Giant Wren, Campylorhynchus chiapensis
60. Spotted Wren, Campylorhynchus gularis
61. Boucard's Wren, Campylorhynchus jocosus
62. Yucatan Wren, Campylorhynchus yucatanicus
63. Sumichrast's Wren, Hylorchilus sumichrasti
64. Nava's Wren, Hylorchilus navai
65. Sinaloa Wren, Thryothorus sinaloa
66. Happy Wren, Thryothorus felix
67. Socorro Wren, Thryomanes sissonii (Formerly Troglodytes sissonii)
*68. Cozumel Wren, Troglodytes beani
69. Clarion Wren, Troglodytes tanneri
70. Black-capped Gnatcatcher, Polioptila nigriceps
71. Russet Nightingale-Thrush, Catharus occidentalis
72. Rufous-backed Robin, Turdus rufopalliatus  (Also known as Rufous-backed Thrush)
*73. Grayson's Robin, Turdus graysoni (Also known as Grayson's Thrush)
74. Aztec Thrush, Ridgwayia pinicola (Formerly Zoothera pinicola)
75. Socorro Mockingbird, Mimodes graysoni
76. Cozumel Thrasher, Toxostoma guttatum
77. Gray Thrasher, Toxostoma cinereum
78. Ocellated Thrasher, Toxostoma ocellatum
*79. Vizcaino Thrasher, Toxostoma arenicola (accepted only by Clements at this point, based on Zink, Robert M., Rachelle C. Blackwell and Octavio Rojas-Soto.  1997.  Species Limits in the Le Conte's Thrasher. Condor Volume 99, Number 1,         Pages 132-138.)(Listed as Rosalia Thrasher in the AOU checklist.)(Range - Vizcaino desert of central Baja California.)
80. Blue Mockingbird, Melanotis caerulescens
81. Belding's Yellowthroat, Geothlypis beldingi
82. Altimira Yellowthroat, Geothlypis flavovelata
83. Black-polled Yellowthroat, Geothlypis speciosa
84. Hooded Yellowthroat, Geothlypis nelsoni
85. Red Warbler, Ergaticus ruber
86. Red-breasted Chat, Granatellus venustus
87. Red-headed Tanager, Piranga erythrocephala (Formerly Spermagra erythrocephala)
*88. Slate-blue Seedeater, Amaurospiza relicta
89. Rufous-capped Brush-Finch, Atlapetes pileatus
90. Green-striped Brush-Finch, Buarremon virenticeps (Formerly Atlapetes virenticeps)
91. Rusty-crowned Ground-Sparrow, Melozone kieneri
92. Collared Towhee, Pipilo ocai
93. White-throated Towhee, Pipilo albicollis
94. Black-chested Sparrow, Aimophila humeralis
95. Bridled Sparrow, Aimophila mystacalis
96. Cinnamon-tailed (Sumichrast's) Sparrow, Aimophila sumichrasti
97. Oaxaca Sparrow, Aimophila notosticta
98. Striped Sparrow, Oriturus superciliosus
99. Worthen's Sparrow, Spizella wortheni
100. Sierra Madre Sparrow, Xenospiza baileyi (Formerly Ammodramus baileyi)
*101. Guadalupe Junco, Junco insularis
*102. Baird's Junco, Junco bairdi
103. Crimson-collared Grosbeak, Rhodothraupis celaeno
104. Rose-bellied (Rosita's) Bunting, Passerina rositae
105. Orange-breasted Bunting, Passerina leclancherii

Dick Palmer
Green Valley, AZ