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9 - 24 November 1996

by Allen Chartier

This is a report of a trip we booked with Neblina Forest through Clockwork Travel.  The itinerary included some rarely visited sites in southern Ecuador (province of Loja) and areas of Podocarpus N.P.  All arrangements made directly with Clockwork Travel were fine, and went without a hitch.  I wish the same could be said for Neblina Forest, but we experienced many difficulties with them.  Internal communications seem to be a recurring problem (see a previous Ecuador trip report, poster unknown).  Because of the problems outlined below in the trip log, I would not recommend Neblina Forest for anyone considering a trip to areas of Ecuador other than the well-known Amazonian Lodges.

Trip Log

Day 1, Saturday, November 9, 1996

It was a long and, thankfully, rather uneventful day.  Arrived at Detroit Metro Airport at 5;30 a.m. for our 7:10 a.m. flight.  Surprisingly, the flight (on American Airlines) was not only on-time, but early!  We arrived in Miami at 10:00 a.m.  We tried to rent a car to kill a few hours before our 4:50 p.m. flight, but there were none available.  We were trapped!  We found a little courtyard with benches outside and slept for a couple of hours.  It was rather birdless, with only about 15 Turkey Vultures occasionally seen overhead.  Our American Airlines flight to Quito departed on time and arrived early, at 8:55 p.m.  We were met by Mercedes from Neblina Forest, who drove us to the Hotel Sebastian.  They gave us a suite!  We turned in around 11:00 p.m., much earlier than we expected.  We would hopefully acclimatize to Quito's elevation (9,340 feet) overnight.

Day 2, Sunday, November 10, 1996

We were up at 5:00 a.m. to meet our guide, Mitch Lysinger, at 6:00 a.m.  Our destination was Yanacocha, west of Quito, but apparently our preference to start later in order to stay late for night birds was not commumicated.  Fortunately, Mitch is a hard-core birder like us and was prepared to go as long as we wanted.  It only took about an hour to get to the beginning of the trail at the end of the road.  Luckily the trail was level, as we were walking at 3555 meters (11,600 feet).  We walked in about 2 miles, past the first "tunnel" to the start of the second one.  This area is noted for the variety of hummingbirds that can be seen but, as there seemed to be few flowers to feed on, there were only a few.  The most numerous species was the common Tyrian Metaltail.  THE hummingbird of the area, Black-breasted Puffleg, failed to show.  This species is essentially endemic to this small area of Ecuador.  Most of the other birds were shy too, and not at all interested in tapes.  Lunch was a disgusting piece of fatty, greasy fried chicken, and a creamy pie-like desert, all very messy and all without any eating utensils!

After lunch it got foggy, and we decided to go down to a nearby ranch for a last ditch effort to find the Black-breasted Puffleg.  No luck.  We drove around for a while trying to find the road up to the paramo where Imperial Snipe have been found, but our driver was unwilling to continue after a certain point, insisting that there was no more forest to be found on the road ahead.  Apparently Neils Krabbe is the only person who knows the way to this spot, although Mitch had been there with him once, it apparently involved opening a numer of gates, and even driving across an open pasture!  Mitch vowed to find a good way up there for future tours.  On our way back down, we did a little more roadside birding before heading back to Quito.  We got cleaned up and went to dinner at the hotel restaurant, then met Paul Greenfield, our leader for the next two weeks, and the acknowledged expert on Ecuadorian birds (he is nearly finished with the Field Guide to Birds of Ecuador with Robert Ridgely).  We also met the other three participants, two people from the south of France, and another gentleman from Washington, D.C.  We briefly went over the itinerary for the next two weeks, including some last minute hotel and itinerary changes, then went up to our room to re-pack for our flight tomorrow.

Day 3, Monday, November 11, 1996

We were up at 5:20 a.m. for breakfast and reorganization.  We met the group in the hotel lobby at 6:15 a.m. and got driven to the airport for our 7:15 a.m. flight to Cuenca.  Mercedes picked us up in her Mercedes!  By 8:15 a.m. we were on our way into Las Cajas Recreation Area.  We saw some good birds, but dipped on quite a few, including the localized endemic Violet-throated Metaltail.  It was sunny and windy, a combination that seriously depressed bird activity.  It would have been nice to have more than just a single morning at this spot.  We then went on south toward Loja, stopping at a spot near Ona, and another near San Lucas.  We actually heard the very rare Crescent-faced Antpitta, but it was calling from the far side of the ravine and we couldn't find any way to access the other side.  We spent about 20 minutes at the Military Police check point about 30 km. north of Loja, then continued on, arriving at the Hostal Aguilera after dark at about 7:15 p.m.  The day's species total of 35 was apparently the lowest Paul had ever experienced in Ecuador, ever.  He thought it could be the wind and sun, but also the lack of hummingbird activity seemed to indicate they could be nesting.  The room at the hotel was very small and cramped, and on the first floor adjacent to the street.  It stayed noisy quite late into the night.  We also discovered a problem with the changes that had been made in the itinerary.  We had booked a day of birding from Quito starting at 6 a.m. on November 23, but the new schedule had us flying from Guayaquil to Quito at 8 a.m. on the 23rd!  Luckily we were able to get our flight changed to 8 p.m. on the 22nd, but Neblina Forest certainly should have figured this one out.

Day 4, Tuesday, November 12, 1996

We had a 6 a.m. breakfast at the hotel.  Plans today include a drive to Zamora along the edge of Podocarpus National Park.  This should give us a transect of all elevations of the park, especially the middle elevations which are otherwise inaccessible.   The morning was windy at the higher elevations, which depressed bird activity again.  We had some rain at middle elevations and some rain in the afternoon at lower elevations.  The day wasn't nearly as productive as it could have been.  Still an almost complete lack of tanagers and hummingbirds, although it was a much better day, with 92 species tallied.  There were lots of orchids along the roadside, with at least 12 different types noted.  We stopped briefly at the cemetery before going into Zamora, but there were few birds there also.  We drove to the trailhead for the Bombuscara section of Podocarpus National Park and walked part of the trail.  After dark, we walked a fair stretch of the road in search of nightjars.  We checked in to the Hotel Torres Internacional.  If yesterday's rooms were small, this room was tiny!  There was hardly any room for our luggage.  It was also equally noisy long into the night.

Day 5, Wednesday, November 13, 1996

After a 5 a.m. breakfast, we headed back to the Bombuscara area of Podocarpus NP.  We walked the trail several times, including past the visitor's center about 1.5 km from the parking area.  In spite of the poor weather, bright sunshine for most of the day, we found quite a few tanager flocks.  There were no orchids on this trail but, probably because of the sunshine, lots of butterflies.  Several of our bird sightings today seemed to confirm Paul's assessment that most birds were nesting.  We found a fledgling Coppery-chested Jacamar being fed by a parent, a fledgeling Scale-backed Antbird being fed by a parent, a family of Foothill Antwrens, and a female Amazonian Umbrellabird carrying food to a probable nest site.  The box lunch today was terrible.  Ham and cheese sandwiches overheated in the van!  By the time we were finished with the evening checklist session, we were both violently ill.  The vomiting and diarrhea continued with a vengeance all night long.

Day 6, Thursday, November 14, 1996

The group had a 5:30 a.m. breakfast and went out for one more morning on the Bombuscara trail.  We stayed in the room and tried to get it together for our drive back to Loja after lunch.  Apparenly one other person in the group had diarrhea last night too, but was feeling good enough to go on the walk.  After lunch, which we passed on, we felt pretty "stable" for the trip to Loja.  Our hopes of finding some of the mid-elevation species we missed on the way down were exceeded only by our hopes that we wouldn't have to ask Luis, the driver, to pull over too many times to accommodate our jittery digestive systems.  The afternoon was sunny and beautiful, and even more birdless than before.  Our species list for the afternoon was only six species!  We arrived back at the Hostal Aguilera in Loja early, around 3:15 p.m., but too late to head up to the Cajanuma area of Podocarpus N.P.  We could see that it was sunny up there also, and would probably be relatively birdless.  Allen was feeling a bit better and decided to go with Paul and one other participant to a nearby area for birding.  The two French people weren't feeling well, and didn't enjoy the rough, dusty ride, so they stayed in their room also.  The birding area was about 20 minutes northwest of Loja, at a shrine at the highest elevation along the road.  At least Allen managed one life bird for the day at this spot!  Our room this time was on the second floor, and was much roomier than the first day here.  Unfortunately, the noise situation hadn't changed.

Day 7, Friday, November 15, 1996

Allen tried a little bit of breakfast at 6 a.m. and went with the group.  Nancy stayed in the room one more day.  Allen had reached a balance by taking Imodium, but still wasn't better.  Nancy was taking longer to reach this balance.  It was clearly some type of amoebic disorder, or possibly salmonella.  (We ended up requiring treatment with antibiotics after we got home.)  We spent the day at the Cajanuma section of Podocarpus NP.  We hiked part of the road and some of the shorter trails.  The weather was good (cloudy) only until 10:00 a.m., after which it was almost birdless.  We took a long siesta at the house at the top of the road and had our lunch, another bad one with cold hot dogs and cold french fries.  Not exactly the best way for Allen to nurse himself back onto food!  Toward evening, we walked for about 30 minutes down the road to an area where we tried for nightbirds after dark.  We were pretty lucky and found several Swallow-tailed Nightjars, a Rufous-banded Owl, and heard a Cinnamon Screech-Owl.  We returned to the hotel around 8 p.m. for a late dinner.  The Friday night party outside our window was quite loud and quite late!

Day 8, Saturday, November 16, 1996

After our 6 a.m. breakfast, we decided to change our strategy to prevent being shut-out by the weather.  We went back to Cajanuma since it had been good first-thing yesterday.  Nancy, who was now able to come along, caught up with many of the birds we had found yesterday, as the birds were pretty similar.  Unlike yesterday, however, the skies cleared even earlier at 9 a.m.  Our plan, then, was to leave Cajanuma and head south along the "highway" through Vilcabamba and Valladolid.  It stayed sunny and mostly unproductive, except for a couple of good spots.  Lunch was terrible again.  We had requested chicken sandwiches, but the hotel refused saying they had everything planned for us.  What they had planned, apparently, was slow agonizing death.  Lunch was cold, mushy "hamburgers" with mayonnaise!  Mayonnaise in a hot car all day!  Certain death!  We survived by throwing most of it out and eating the fruit and bread.  The bird highlight of the day was definitely the cooperative Chestnut-crested Cotinga that sat in a bare snag near the road north of Valladolid while we scoped it to the saturation point!  This was, according to Paul, only the 4th or 5th record for Ecuador and, to his knowledge, we were the first tour group to see this species in Ecuador.  We pulled in to the road near the Cajanuma section of Podocarpus NP to look for Band-winged Nightjars.  We arrived at the hotel late again, and had a late dinner.  It was another long, dusty ride today.

Day 9, Sunday, November 17, 1996

After our 6 a.m. breakfast we drove northwest of Loja, stopping at a dry ravine for a few birds.  We watched a Tayra in the top of a tree below us.  We stopped briefly at the airport in Catamayo, then headed south along some bumpy, dusty roads on the way to Macara.  Although it was sunny all day, again, it was a somewhat better birding day.  Most of the habitat was at lower elevation and drier, so less sensitive to the sun, but still many areas were totally quiet.  Not even a peep in response to the tapes.  Paul was quite frustrated, and surprised.  So little habitat remains for some of these species in Loja, it is doubly disappointing that when we do find a small scrap of habitat that it seems to be totally devoid of bird life.  We arrived at the Parador Turistico in Macara late again, at 8 p.m., and had dinner around 9 p.m.  Apparently, not many tourists come to this part of Ecuador, right on the Peruvian border, so this was the only "reasonable" accommodation anywhere around.  The rooms were adequate, and just clean enough, but certainly not "nice".  They were more run-down than actually dirty.  The two French people have apparently had enough, and are insisting on leaving tonight!  If a taxi was available, it would be a 10 hour drive to an airport!  A taxi isn't available, though, as it would take a few hours for one to get to Macara!  They are reluctantly staying the night, but want to quit the tour as soon as they can.  The real problem here, I think, is that Neblina Forest didn't do an adequate job of explaining what type of bird tour this was going to be.  In fact, we didn't realize that the trip would be this "rustic" and "exploratory".  The French people didn't seem to be serious birders, and Neblina Forest apparently was desperate to fill a tour.  Also, these people seemed unprepared for Andean road conditions and the low standards of some rural accommodations in Latin America.  Nancy and I were certainly not comfortable here, but we were also not surprised.  The amount of walking, as well as the long, dusty roads (caused by the drought), were also apparently unexpected by the French folks.

Day 10, Monday, November 18, 1996

After our 6 a.m. breakfast, we headed back along the road we had travelled in the dark and found a good side road (free of dust!) that had some good birds.  The sky was heavily overcast, so we were quite hopeful, but it all burned off by 9:30 a.m. and the expected clear blue sky reigned again!  Since the birding area was so close to town, we decided to have lunch back at the hotel, rather than have them make a box lunch for us (we expected the worst).  They had no idea what a box lunch was anyway, and Neblina Forest had apparently not communicated anything about this to them.  Lunch was pretty bad anyway, but there really wasn't much available in this small, poor town.  We watched the waiter run out to four different local shops attempting (successfully) to find a couple of tea bags for our group!  A request for marmelade took two days to fill!  We went back to the birding areas for the afternoon and found a few more birds.  The road we had been birding on had a number of bunkers that were still being maintained from the last war with Peru two years before,  apparently in anticipation of the next conflict.  We returned to the hotel and had dinner.  The highlight (!) of dinner was the chicken soup that had a chicken FOOT in it!  We each had one.  Nobody was slighted!  One good feature of this hotel was that it was very quiet at night, although this evening they decided to burn the rice fields, blowing choking smoke directly at the hotel!  It was another rough night.

Day 11, Tuesday, November 19, 1996

After our 6 a.m. breakfast, we left the hotel without taking showers, as there was no running water in the hotel!  We were prepared for a long drive to Machala, some along very rough dirt roads under construction.  The itinerary had changed at this point because, apparently the hotel in Pinas had gone out of business.  We stopped at a few roadside areas north of Macara, which were pretty good until 9:30 a.m. when the clouds burned off again.  Bird activity died.  By the time we got to Celica, the only bird we saw was the White-headed Brush-Finch, a specialty of the area.  We arrived at the Rizzo Hotel in Machala after dark.  It was a pretty nice place, with very clean rooms and surprisingly quiet considering it is in the middle of town.  We got to order dinner off the menu for the first time on the trip, and the food was quite good.  Unfortunately, we both had a relapse of the diarrhea this evening.  Imodium has lost some ground!  As conditions have improved, the French people have apparently decided to stay through the end of the trip.

Day 12, Wednesday, November 20, 1996

After our 6 a.m. breakfast, we headed for an area near Pinas at about 850 meters elevation.  Nancy and I decided to take it slow and see how our digestive systems would handle the hiking.  Luckily, we stabilized during the day and saw quite a few birds.  There was cloud the entire morning and most of the afternoon as well.  Bird highlights include the nice views of El Oro Parakeets, and the hummingbird we saw right near the beginning of the trail.  This hummingbird (there were 4 individuals), was definitely in the genus Heli odoxa, but Paul was pretty sure they could be an undescribed species!  The males all had very broad, bold buffy whiskers, similar to a bird that Juan Carlos Matheus had seen recently about 100 km north of this spot.  Martin Reid has reported to me a similar bird he saw in Panama, which he determined to be an immature male Green-crowned Brilliant (Heliodoxa jacula).  This plumage is apparently rarely seen and may not well represented in bird collections.  We'll have to wait for the verdict on this one.  On the way back to Machala, Allen discovered that his tourist card was missing.  Apparently one of the officers at one of the more than 15 Military Police check stations we passed through had neglected to return it.  We would try and check at the Pinas check point tomorrow morning, as the night shift couldn't locate it.

Day 13, Thursday, November 21, 1996

Our 5:45 a.m. breakfast turned into 6 a.m. because the guy forgot to bring the key to unlock the kitchen!  Our hopes for a 7:30 a.m. arrival at Pinas were shattered at 7 a.m. when we met a roadblock, preventing access from all directions due to a road race.  They said it would open again at 8 a.m., so we did some local scrub birding.  At 8 a.m. the road still wasn't open, so we found more scrub!  At 9 a.m., it still wasn't open, but did clear a few minutes later, which caused a horrendous traffic jam, unsupervised by the police who had been holding the roadblock!  Once free, the procession of vehicles drove on with so much passing that it looked like a one-way street, or just like the road race.  There was a long line-up at the Military Police check station.  They didn't have Allen's tourist card.  Paul thought it would only be a matter of filling out another one at the airport on departure.  Not as serious  a problem as it could be in another country, or in pre-democratic Ecuador!  We finally arrived at Pinas at 10:30 a.m. and started birding.  Of course it was already sunny, and it was a slow birding day.  We didn't see our mystery hummers again, nor did the El Oro Parakeets show up.  After lunch (a decent one, for a change), we went down into the lowlands, to Puerto Pitahaya for some waterbirds, and access to some mangrove habitat.  The highlight along this road was clearly the Pinnated Bittern seen just off the road, until it sank from view into the vegetation.  At dusk we tried (unsuccessfully) to see Scrub Nightjar near Arenillas, at an area where Paul had always had it.  Disappointing.  We returned to the hotel in Machala late, and had a late dinner.

Day 14, Friday, November 22, 1996

After our 6 a.m. breakfast, we checked out and started our long drive toward Guayaquil.  This time, though, we were mostly on paved roads.  It is only a 3 hour straight drive to Guayaquil, so we made several birding stops at patches of remnant forest.  We also stopped at Manglares Churute Ecological Preserve and saw a few Horned Screamers and a few other interesting species.  The highlight was the Comb Ducks flying in the distance at Manglares Churute.  We got to the Gran Hotel in Guayaquil around 4 p.m. and we re-packed our bags for our 8 p.m. flight while everyone else got checked in to their rooms.  We did a final checklist for the day, then had dinner at 5:30 p.m., the most normal dinner time of the trip.  Luis and Paul drove us to the airport and we took our on-time flight, arriving in Quito at 8:50.   We got our bags in about two minutes (!) and went out to the street to meet Javier.  He wasn't there!  Just as we were ready to give up and take a cab, at 9:15, Mercedes showed up and drove us to the Hotel Sebastian.  We arrived around 9:30 p.m. and turned in.

Day 15, Saturday, November 23, 1996

The breakfast we had requested to be delivered at 5:30 a.m. didn't arrive until 5:50, and was only a single order!  We shared these meagre pickings as we rushed to eat before meeting our guide, Jonas, at 6 a.m. in the lobby.  Jonas had been told we wanted to go to Papallacta, an area of high elevation paramo, and he even was wearing long underwear in preparation.  Unfortunately, we never had Papallacta in mind as a destination, and after reviewing our "want list" of birds, we headed down the new road toward Mindo.  On the way, we discovered that our specific request the night before for lots of water with the lunch resulted in the least water of any day of the tour!  In fact, there was only a single 6 ounce bottle of soda water for each of the four of us.  Since we were still having intestinal difficulties, we certainly couldn't risk drinking soda water!  We had to buy some water at our first destination, Bellavista Lodge near Tandayapa.  We enjoyed the hummingbird feeders at Bellavista, then headed on toward Mindo.

We stopped at the Carmello Hotel and asked permission to use the 4-wheel drive road up toward the Andean Cock-of-the-Rock lek, which provides good birding for most of its length.  We had to skip the Lyre-tailed Nightjars because Jonas hadn't brought the tape of them, as he had all the tapes for Papallacta instead!  Also, he didn't have the spotlight with him, so even if we lucked into one, views wouldn't have been the best.  If we ever come to Ecuador again, we will have to try and see them.  We got back to the Hotel Sebastian by 8 p.m. and we ordered a room service dinner.  We then unpacked all our bags to re-pack for tomorrow's flight.  Around 8:30 we got a call from the front desk saying that the driver was supposed to tell us that we didn't have a reservation for the night and had to move to a different hotel!  We told them we did have a reservation, and weren't going to move.  A few minutes later, we got a call from Mercedes, who told us that we had been bumped by another tour group and that she would be by to pick us up to move us to a better hotel closer to the airport.  We told her we weren't moving, and that we had just ordered room service and our bags were all unpacked.  She said she would check into it.  The only other call we got was from Javier confirming that Mercedes would be by at 7:45 the next morning to drive us to the airport.

Day 16, Sunday, November 24, 1996

This morning we slept in a little.  We went down for breakfast at 7:15 a.m. (no sign of the big tour group that was "bumping" us).  We packed our last stuff and checked out.  Mercedes drove us to the airport and we sailed through the check-in process in about 10 minutes.  Allen's missing tourist card was no problem at all, and he just filled out another and presented it to immigration.  We had an uneventful, and on-time, flight to Miami.  We tried to change to an earlier flight, but there are few options on American Airlines from Miami to Detroit.  When we got within 100 miles of Detroit, we were told that it was snowing lightly, and that our landing would be delayed 30 minutes while they sanded down the runway.  They extended our hold another 15 minutes, then we finally landed at 10:30, with about an inch of snow on the ground.  Welcome back to Michigan!


A completely annotated list is still being compiled, and will probably be available soon from ABA Sales as another of their Foreign Field Notes.

(Life birds in ALL CAPS) Splits suggested by P. Greenfield (or others) are noted.
1. Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui  heard only
2. PALE-BROWED TINAMOU Crypturellus transfasciatus  heard only
3. TAWNY-BREASTED TINAMOU Nothocercus julius -
4. Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps -
5. Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis -
6. Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus -
7. Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens -
8. Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi -
9. Great Egret Ardea alba -
10. Snowy Egret Egretta thula -
11. Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea -
12. Striated Heron Butorides striatus -
13. Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis -
14. PINNATED BITTERN Botaurus pinnatus -
15. White Ibis Eudocimus albus -
16. Horned Screamer Anhima cornuta -
17. Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor -
18. Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis -
19. Andean Teal Anas andium -
20. White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis -
21. Blue-winged Teal Anas discors -
22. COMB DUCK Sarkidiornis melanotos -
23. Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata -
24. ANDEAN DUCK Oxyura ferruginea -
25. Black Vulture Coragyps atratus -
26. Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura -
27. Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii -
28. Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus -
29. Plumbeous Kite Ictinea plumbea -
30. Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis -
31. Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis -
32. Black-chested Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus -
33. Puna Hawk Buteo poecilochrous -
34. Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus -
35. Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus -
36. Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris -
37. WHITE-RUMPED HAWK Buteo leucorrhous -
38. Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus -
39. Harris' Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus -
40. GRAY-BACKED HAWK Leucopternis occidentalis -
41. BARRED HAWK Leucopternis princeps -
42. Savannah Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis -
43. Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga -
44. BLACK-AND-CHESTNUT EAGLE Oroaetus isidori -
45. Osprey Pandion haliaetus -
46. Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans -
47. Carunculated Caracara Phalcoboenus carunculatus -
48. Crested Caracara Polyborus plancus -
49. Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus -
50. American Kestrel Falco sparverius -
51. BEARDED GUAN Penelope barbata -
52. RUFOUS-FRONTED WOOD-QUAIL Odontophorus erythrops  heard only
53. Limpkin Aramus guararauna -
54. White-throated Crake Laterallus albigularis -
55. Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus -
56. Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus -
57. Andean Coot Fulic ardesiaca -
58. Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana -
59. Spotted Sandpiper Tringa macularia -
60. Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus -
61. Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus -
62. Laughing Gull Larus atricilla -
63. Gray-hooded Gull Larus cirrocephalus -
64. Andean Gull Larus serranus -
65. Royal Tern Sterna maxima -
66. Band-tailed Pigeon Columba fasciata -
67. Pale-vented Pigeon Columba cayennensis -
68. Ruddy Pigeon Columba subvinacea -
69. Plumbeous Pigeon Columba plumbea -
70. Rock Dove Columba livia -
71. Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata -
72. Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina -
73. ECUADORIAN GROUND-DOVE Columbina buckleyi -
74. CROAKING GROUND-DOVE Columbina cruziana -
75. Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa -
76. OCHRE-BELLIED DOVE Leptotila ochraceiventris  heard only
77. White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi -
78. Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana  heard only
79. WHITE-THROATED QUAIL-DOVE Geotrygon frenata -
80. RED-MASKED PARAKEET Aratinga erythrogenys -
81. White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus  heard only
82. WHITE-NECKED PARAKEET Pyrrhura albipectus -
83. EL ORO PARAKEET Pyrrhurua orcesi -
84. Barred Parakeet Bolborhynchus lineola  heard only
85. PACIFIC PARROTLET Forpus coelestis -
86. GRAY-CHEEKED PARAKEET Brotogeris pyrrhopterus -
87. Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus -
88. RED-BILLED PARROT Pionus sordidus -
89. WHITE-HEADED PARROT Pionus seniloides -
90. Bronze-winged Parrot Pionus chalcopterus -
91. Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana -
92. Little Cuckoo Piaya minuta  heard only
93. Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani -
94. Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris -
95. Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia -
96. Barn Owl Tyto alba -
97. WEST PERUVIAN SCREECH-OWL Otus roboratus -
98. CINNAMON SCREECH-OWL Otus petersoni  heard only
99. PACIFIC PYGMY-OWL Glaucidium peruanum -
100. RUFOUS-BANDED OWL Strix albitarsus -
101. Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis -
102. Band-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus longirostris -
103. BLACKISH NIGHTJAR Caprimulgus nigrescens -
104. SWALL0W-TAILED NIGHTJAR Uropsalis segmentata -
105. White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris -
106. Chestnut-collared Swift Cypseloides rutilus -
107. WHITE-CHINNED SWIFT Cypseloides cryptus -
108. Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris occidentalis  possible split
109. Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura ocypetes  possible split
110. Green-fronted Lancebill Doryfera ludoviciae -
111. WHITE-WHISKERED HERMIT Phaethornis yaruqui -
112. Green Hermit Phaethornis guy -
113. Tawny-bellied Hermit Phaethornis syrmatophorus -
114. Long-tailed Hermit Phaethornis superciliosus  possible split
115. White-tipped Sicklebill Eutoxeres aquila -
116. BROWN VIOLET-EAR Colibri delphinae  heard only
117. Green Violet-ear Colibri thalassinus -
118. Sparkling Violet-ear Colibri coruscans -
119. Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti -
120. Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata -
121. EMERALD-BELLIED WOODNYMPH Thalurania hypochlora  possible split
122. Golden-tailed Sapphire Chrysuronia oenone  heard only
123. TUMBES HUMMINGBIRD Leucippus baeri -
124. Glittering-throated Hummingbird Amazilia fimbriata -
125. AMAZILIA HUMMINGBIRD Amazilia amazilia -
126. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl -
127. Speckled Hummingbird Adelomyia melanogenys -
128. ECUADORIAN PIEDTAIL Phlogophilus hemileucurus -
129. PURPLE-BIBBED WHITETIP Urosticte benjamini -
130. EMPRESS BRILLIANT Heliodoxa emperatrix -
131. Brilliant sp. Heliodoxa sp. (possibly H. jacula) -
132. Ecuadorian Hillstar Oreotrochilus chimborazo -
133. Giant Hummingbird Patagonia gigas -
134. Shining Sunbeam Agleactis cuprepennis -
135. MOUNTAIN VELVETBREAST Lafresnaya lafresnayi -
136. Great Sapphirewing Pterophanes cyanopterus -
137. BROWN INCA Coeligena wilsoni -
138. Collared Inca Coeligena torquata -
139. BUFF-WINGED STARFRONTLET Coeligena lutetiae -
140. RAINBOW STARFRONTLET Coeligena iris -
141. Buff-tailed Coronet Boissonneaua flavescens -
142. Gorgeted Sunangel Heliangelus strophianus -
143. FLAME-THROATED SUNANGEL Heliangelus micrastur  possible split
144. PURPLE-THROATED SUNANGEL Heliangelus viola -
145. GLOWING PUFFLEG Eriocnemis vestitus -
146. Sapphire-vented Puffleg Eriocnemis luciani -
147. Booted Racket-tail Ocreatus underwoodii -
148. Black-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia victoriae -
149. Green-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia nuna -
150. Purple-backed Thornbill Ramphomicron microrhynchum -
151. Tyrian Metaltail Metallura tyrianthina -
152. BLUE-MANTLED THORNBILL Chalcostigma stanleyi -
153. Long-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus kingi -
154. VIOLET-TAILED SYLPH Aglaiocercus coelestis -
155. Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris -
156. SHORT-TAILED WOODSTAR Myrmia micrura -
157. CRESTED QUETZAL Pharomachrus antisanus  heard only
158. GOLDEN-HEADED QUETZAL Pharomachrus auriceps -
159. Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus messurus  possible split
160. Masked Trogon Trogon personatus temperatus  possible split
161. Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata -
162. Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana -
163. Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum -
164. Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii -
165. Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota -
166. COPPERY-CHESTED JACAMAR Galbula pastazae -
167. TOUCAN BARBET Semnornis ramphastinus -
168. Emerald Toucanet Aulacorhynchus prasinus  heard only
169. Crimson-rumped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus haematopygus -
170. Pale-mandibled Aracari Pteroglossus erythropygius -
171. Plate-billed Mountain-Toucan Andigena laminirostris  heard only
172. GRAY-BREASTED MOUNTAIN-TOUCAN Andigena hypoglauca  heard only
173. CHOCO TOUCAN Ramphastos brevis -
174. Chestnut-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos swainsonii -
175. ECUADORIAN PICULET Picumnus sclateri -
176. Olivaceous Piculet Picumnus olivaceus -
177. Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Piculus rivoli -
178. Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus -
179. Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus -
180. Black-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes pucherani -
181. Smoky-brown Woodpecker Veniliornis fumigtus -
182. Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus -
183. Red-rumped Woodpecker Veniliornis kirkii -
184. SCARLET-BACKED WOODPECKER Veniliornis callonotus -
185. GUAYAQUIL WOODPECKER Campephilus guayaquilensis -
186. POWERFUL WOODPECKER Campephilus pollens -
187. Stout-billed Cinclodes Cinclodes excelsior -
188. Bar-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes fuscus -
189. Pacific Hornero Furnarius cinnamomeus  possible split
190. Andean Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura andicola -
191. AZARA'S SPINETAIL Synallaxis azarae elegantior  possible split
192. Slaty Spinetail Synallaxis brachyura -
193. DARK-BREASTED SPINETAIL Synallaxis albigularis -
194. WHITE-BROWED SPINETAIL Hellmayrea gularis -
195. ASH-BROWED SPINETAIL Cranioleuca curtata -
196. Red-faced Spinetail Cranioleuca erythrops -
197. EQUATORIAL GRAYTAIL Xenerpestes singularis  heard only
198. Pearled Treerunner Margarornis squamiger -
199. Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans -
200. Plain Xenops Xenops minutus -
201. MONTANE FOLIAGE-GLEANER Anabacerthia striaticollis -
202. SCALY-THROATED FOLIAGE-GLEANER Anabacerthia variegaticeps -
203. Streaked Tuftedcheek Pseudocolaptes boissoneautii -
204. PACIFIC TUFTEDCHEEK Pseudocolaptes johnsoni -
205. FLAMMULATED TREEHUNTER Thripadectes flammulatus -
206. BLACK-BILLED TREEHUNTER Thripadectes melanorhynchus -
207. RUFOUS-NECKED FOLIAGE-GLEANER Syndactyla ruficollis -
209. Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa -
210. Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorhynchus spirurus -
211. Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus  possible split
212. Olive-backed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus triangularis -
213. Spotted Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus erythropygius -
214. Montane Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger  possible split
215. Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii -
216. Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilirostris -
217. Great Antshrike Taraba major -
218. COLLARED ANTSHRIKE Sakesphorus bernardi -
219. CHAPMAN'S ANTSHRIKE Thamnophilus zarumae -
220. UNIFORM ANTSHRIKE Thamnophilus unicolor -
221. Western Slaty Antshrike Thamnophilus atrinucha  heard only
222. RUSSET ANTSHRIKE Thamnistes anabatinus -
223. FOOTHILL ANTWREN Myrmotherula spodionota -
224. Slaty Antwren Myrmotherula schisticolor -
225. Blackish Antbird Cercomacra nigrescens -
226. JET ANTBIRD Cercomacra nigricans -
227. Immaculate Antbird Myrmeciza immaculata -
228. Scale-backed Antbird Hylophlax poecilonota -
229. Undulated Antpitta Grallaria squamigera -
230. PLAIN-BACKED ANTPITTA Grallaria haplonota  heard only
231. Tawny Antpitta Grallaria quitensis  heard only
232. RUFOUS ANTPITTA Grallaria rufula  heard only
233. CHESTNUT-NAPED ANTPITTA Grallaria nuchalis -
234. Chestnut-crowned Antpitta Grallaria ruficapilla -
235. SCRUB ANTPITTA Grallaria watkinsi -
236. CRESCENT-FACED ANTPITTA Grallaricula lineifrons  heard only
237. ASH-COLORED TAPACULO Myornis senilis -
238. Blackish Tapaculo Scytalopus unicolor  possible split
239. EL ORO TAPACULO Scytalopus robbinsi  possible split
240. SPILLMAN'S TAPACULO Scytalopus spillmani  possible split
241. OCELLATED TAPACULO Acropternis orthonyx  heard only
242. ELEGANT CRESCENTCHEST Melanopareia elegans  heard only
243. Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster -
244. Sierran Elaenia Elaenia pallatangae -
245. White-crested Elaenia Elaenia albiceps -
246. MOTTLE-BACKED ELAENIA Elaenia gigas -
247. PACIFIC ELAENIA Myiopagis subplacens -
248. Mouse-colored Tyrannulet Phaeomyias murina  possible split
249. Southern Beardless Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum -
250. Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus -
251. Golden-faced Tyrannulet Zimmerius chrysops  possible split
252. Sooty-headed Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseiceps -
253. BLACK-CAPPED TYRANNULET Phyllomyias nigrocapillus -
254. RUFOUS-WINGED TYRANNULET Mecocerculus calopterus -
255. White-tailed Tyrannulet Mecocerculus poecilocercus -
256. WHITE-BANDED TYRANNULET Mecocerculus stictopterus -
257. White-throated Tyrannulet Mecocerculus leucophrys -
258. TAWNY-CROWNED PYGMY-TYRANT Euscarthmus meloryphus -
259. BLACK-CRESTED TIT-TYRANT Anairetes nigrocristatus -
260. Yellow Tyrannulet Campsiempis flaveola -
261. MARBLE-FACED BRISTLE-TYRANT Phylloscartes ophthalmicus -
262. SPECTACLED BRISTLE-TYRANT Phylloscartes orbitalis -
263. Slaty-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon superciliaris -
264. Streak-necked Flycatcher Mionectes striaticollis -
265. Olive-striped Flycatcher Mionectes olivaceus -
266. Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus pileatus -
267. BLACK-THROATED TODY-TYRANT Hemitriccus granadensis -
268. Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum -
269. RUFOUS-CROWNED TODY-TYRANT Poecilotriccus ruficeps -
270. Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens -
271. Yellow-margined Flycatcher Tolmomyias assimilis -
272. ORNATE FLYCATCHER Myiotriccus ornatus -
273. Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus  possible split
274. OLIVE-CHESTED FLYCATCHER Myiophobus cryptoxanthus -
275. Cinnamon Flycatcher Pyrrhomias cinnamomea -
276. Gray-breasted Flycatcher Lathotriccus griseipectus -
277. Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus -
278. Smoke-colored Pewee Contopus fumigatus -
279. Eastern Wood Pewee Contopus virens -
280. Western Wood Pewee Contopus sordidulus -
281. Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus borealis -
282. Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans -
283. Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus -
284. CROWNED CHAT-TYRANT Silvicultrix frontalis -
285. JELSKI'S CHAT-TYRANT Silvicultrix jelskii -
286. SLATY-BACKED CHAT-TYRANT Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris -
287. Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca rufopectoralis -
288. Smoky Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes fumigatus -
289. Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes striaticollis -
290. Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea -
291. BLACK-BILLED SHRIKE-TYRANT Agriornis montana -
292. Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola alpina -
293. Masked Water-Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta -
294. SOOTY-CROWNED FLYCATCHER Myiarchus phaeocephalus -
295. Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua -
296. Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis -
297. Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis -
298. BAIRD'S FLYCATCHER Myiodynastes bairdii -
299. Golden-crowned Flycatcher Myiodynastes chrysocephalus -
300. Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus -
301. Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius -
302. Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus -
303. YELLOW-CHEEKED BECARD Pachyramphus xanthogenys -
304. SLATY BECARD Pachyramphus spodiurus -
305. Cinnamon Becard Pachyramphus cinnamomeus -
306. ONE-COLORED BECARD Pachyramphus homochrous -
307. Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata -
308. White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus -
309. GOLDEN-WINGED MANAKIN Masius chrysopterus -
310. CLUB-WINGED MANAKIN Machaeropterus deliciosus -
311. WHITE-CROWNED MANAKIN Pipra pipra -
312. CHESTNUT-CRESTED COTINGA Ampelion rufaxilla -
313. BARRED FRUITEATER Pipreola arcuata -
314. GREEN-AND-BLACK FRUITEATER Pipreola riefferii -
315. Amazonian Umbrellabird Cephalopterus ornatus -
316. Andean Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola peruviana -
317. Turquoise Jay Cyanolyca turcosa -
318. WHITE-TAILED JAY Cyanocorax mystacalis -
319. Green Jay Cyanocorax yncas -
320. Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea -
321. Brown-bellied Swallow Notiochelidon murina -
322. Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca -
323. PALE--FOOTED SWALLOW Notiochelidon flavipes -
324. White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata -
325. Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis -
326. Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica -
327. FASCIATED WREN Campylorhynchus fasciatus -
328. Bay Wren Thryothorus nigricapillus -
329. Plain-tailed Wren Thryothorus euophrys -
330. Whiskered Wren Thryothorus mystacalis -
331. SPECKLE-BREASTED WREN Thryothorus sclateri -
332. GRAY-MANTLED WREN Odontorchilus branickii -
333. Southern House Wren Troglodytes musculus  possible split
334. Mountain Wren Troglodytes solstitialis -
335. Sedge (Grass) Wren Cistothorus platensis  possible split
336. Rufous Wren Cinnycerthia unirufa -
337. Gray-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucophrys -
338. Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea  possible split
339. Andean Solitaire Myadestes ralloides -
341. Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus -
342. Glossy-black Thrush Turdus serranus -
343. Great Thrush Turdus fuscater -
344. CHIGUANCO THRUSH Turdus chiguanco -
345. Chestnut-bellied Thrush Turdus fulviventris  heard only
346. Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis  heard only
347. Pale-vented Thrush Turdus obsoletus -
348. ECUADORIAN THRUSH Turdus maculirostris -
349. PLUMBEOUS-BACKED THRUSH Turdus reevei -
350. LONG-TAILED MOCKINGBIRD Mimus longicaudatus -
351. Paramo Pipit Anthus bogotensis -
352. Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis -
353. Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus -
354. Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys -
355. OLIVACEOUS GREENLET Hylophilus olivaceus  heard only
356. Lesser Greenlet Hylophilus decurtatus -
357. Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi -
358. Yellow (Mangrove) Warbler Dendroica petechia -
359. Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca -
360. Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis -
361. Slate-throated Whitestart Myioborus miniatus -
362. Spectacled Whitestart Myioborus melanocephalus -
363. Olive-crowned Yellowthroat Geothlypis semiflava -
364. Citrine Warbler Basileuterus luteoviridis -
365. Black-crested Warbler Basileuterus nigrocristatus -
366. GRAY-AND-GOLD WARBLER Basileuterus fraseri -
367. Russet-crowned Warbler Basileuterus coronatus -
368. THREE-BANDED WARBLER Basileuterus trifasciatus -
369. Masked Flower-Piercer Diglossopis cyanea -
370. Glossy Flower-Piercer Diglossa lafresnayi -
371. Black Flower-Piercer Diglossa humeralis -
372. White-sided Flower-Piercer Diglossa albilatera -
373. Giant Conebill Oreomanes fraseri  heard only
374. TIT-LIKE DACNIS Xenodacnis parina -
375. Cinereous Conebill Conirostrum cinereum -
376. Blue-backed Conebill Conirostrum sitticolor -
377. CAPPED CONEBILL Conirostrum albifrons -
378. Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana -
379. Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata -
380. Yellow-tufted Dacnis Dacnis egregia  possible split
381. Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza -
382. Bananaquit Coereba flaveola -
383. Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira -
384. RUFOUS-CHESTED TANAGER Thlypopsis ornata -
385. ORANGE-EARED TANAGER Chlorocrysa calliparaea -
386. Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis -
387. GREEN-AND-GOLD TANAGER Tangara schrankii -
388. Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis -
389. Golden Tanager Tangara arthus -
390. Saffron-crowned Tanager Tangara xanthocephala -
391. Flame-faced Tanager Tangara parzudakii -
392. Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis -
393. Blue-and-black Tanager Tangara vassorii -
394. GOLDEN-EARED TANAGER Tangara chrysotis -
395. METALLIC-GREEN TANAGER Tangara labradorides -
396. Golden-naped Tanager Tangara ruficervix -
397. RUFOUS-THROATED TANAGER Tangara rufigula -
398. Silver-throated Tanager Tangara icterocephala -
399. Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola -
400. Speckled Tanager Tangara guttata -
401. Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata -
402. Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris -
403. Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster -
404. ORANGE-CROWNED EUPHONIA Euphonia saturata -
405. YELLOW-COLLARED CHLOROPHONIA Chlorophonia flavirostris -
406. Common Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus ophthalmicus -
407. Ash-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus canigularis -
408. Dusky Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus semifuscus -
409. Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus flavigularis -
410. GRAY-HOODED BUSH-TANAGER Cnemoscopus rubrirostris -
411. Superciliaried Hemispingus Hemispingus superciliaris -
412. BLACK-HEADED HEMISPINGUS Hemispingus verticalis -
413. Golden-crowned Tanager Irisodornis rufivertex -
414. Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus somptuosus -
415. Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus lacrymosus -
416. Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus igniventris -
417. Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager Dubusia taeniata  heard only
418. Hooded Mountain-Tanager Buthraupis montana -
419. Black-chested Mountain-Tanager Buthraupis eximia -
420. Grass-green Tanager Chlorornis riefferii -
421. Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala -
422. Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum -
423. Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus -
424. White-winged Tanager Piranga leucoptera  heard only
425. Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava -
426. Summer Tanager Piranga rubra -
427. Bright-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus flammigerus  -new name
428. Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo -
429. OCHRE-BREASTED TANAGER Chlorothraupis stolzmanni -
430. White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus -
431. Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana -
432. PERUVIAN MEADOWLARK Sturnella bellicosa -
433. Scrub Blackbird Dives warszewiczi -
434. Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis -
435. Giant Cowbird Scaphidura oryzivora -
436. Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus -
437. WHITE-EDGED ORIOLE Icterus graceannae -
438. Yellow-tailed Oriole Icterus mesomelas -
439. SUBTROPICAL CACIQUE Cacicus microrhynchus -
440. Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela -
441. Mountain Cacique Cacicus chrysonotus  heard only
442. Russet-backed Oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons alfredi  possible split
443. STREAKED SALTATOR Saltator striaticollis  possible split
444. Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus -
445. Black-winged Saltator Saltator atripennis -
446. BLACK-COWLED SALTATOR Saltator nigriceps -
447. Southern Yellow-Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysogaster -
448. Lesser Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis -
449. Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina -
450. Dull-colored Grassquit Tiaris obscura -
451. Variable Seedeater Sporophila americana -
452. Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis -
453. PARROT-BILLED SEEDEATER Sporophila peruviana -
454. Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila cstaneiventris -
455. CHESTNUT-THROATED SEEDEATER Sporophila telasco -
456. COLLARED WARBLING-FINCH Poospiza hispaniolensis -
457. Rufous-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes rufinucha -
458. TRICOLORED BRUSH-FINCH Atlapetes tricolor -
459. WHITE-WINGED BRUSH-FINCH Atlapetes leucopterus -
460. WHITE-HEADED BRUSH-FINCH Atlapetes albiceps -
461. Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch Atlapetes brunneinucha -
462. Stripe-headed Brush-Finch Atlapetes torquatus -
463. Paramo Seedeater Catamenia homochroa -
464. Plain-colored Seedeater Catamenia inornata -
465. Plumbeous Sierra-Finch Phrygilus unicolor -
466. Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch Phrygilus plebejus -
467. BLACK-CAPPED SPARROW Arremon abeillei -
468. Black-striped Sparrow Arremonops conirostris -
469. TUMBES SPARROW Aimophila stolzmanni -
470. Yellow-browed Sparrow Ammodramus aurifrons -
471. Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis -
472. Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola -
473. CRIMSON FINCH Rhodospingus cruentus -
474. Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica -
475. SAFFRON SISKIN Carduelis siemeradzkii -
476. OLIVACEOUS SISKIN Carduelis olivacea -
477. Yellow-bellied Siskin Carduelis xanthogastra -
478. House Sparrow Passer domesticus -

Allen Chartier

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