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Big Day (Bird Race)

20 May 2000

by Randy Hoffman

Big Day Statistics:


On the Shea/Hoffman big day of May 20, 2000, we had excellent listening conditions all day.  A high pressure was directly over head and the maximum winds for the day were 4 mph.  The migration was almost nil. We did get a few chips at night and ran into a handful of passerine migrants during the day.  We missed Northern Parula and Black-throated Green Warbler. The day before and the day after we had them at Baxter's Hollow, where they nested.  We also lost several mudflats, because a six-inch rain fell two days before the count was conducted.  Greater Yellowlegs, Solitary Sandpiper, Ruddy Turnstone, Stilt Sandpiper, Short-billed Dowitcher and Red-necked Phalarope were observed two days before the count.  With extensive the mudflats of two days before the count and a little success with the warblers 218 species could have been possible. We believe this is the highest big day count from any state that does not have an ocean (10 to 15 species should be possible from an ocean visit).

ORDER: Gaviiformes
           FAMILY: Gaviidae - Loons
                Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata)
                Pacific Loon ** (Gavia pacifica)
               # Common Loon (Gavia immer)
      ORDER: Podicipediformes
           FAMILY: Podicipedidae - Grebes
                #Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)
                Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus)
                #Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena)
                #Eared Grebe * (Podiceps nigricollis)
                Western Grebe * (Aechmophorus occidentalis)
      ORDER: Pelecaniformes
           FAMILY: Pelecanidae - Pelicans
                #American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)
                Brown Pelican ^ (Pelecanus occidentalis)
           FAMILY: Phalacrocoracidae - Cormorants
                #Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)
           FAMILY: Anhingidae - Darters
                Anhinga ^ (Anhinga anhinga)
           FAMILY: Fregatidae - Frigatebirds
                Magnificent Frigatebird ^ (Fregata magnificens)
      ORDER: Ciconiiformes
           FAMILY: Ardeidae - Herons/Bitterns/Allies
                #American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus)
                #Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis)
                #Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)
                #Great Egret (Casmerodius albus)
                Snowy Egret (Egretta thula)
                Little Blue Heron * (Egretta caerulea)
                Tricolored Heron ** (Egretta tricolor)
                Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
                #Green Heron (Butorides striatus)
                #Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
                Yellow-crowned Night-Heron * (Nyctanassa violacea)
           FAMILY: Threskiornithidae - Ibises/Spoonbills
                Glossy Ibis ** (Plegadis falcinellus)
                White-faced Ibis ** (Plegadis chihi)
                Roseate Spoonbill ^ (Ajaia ajaja)
           FAMILY: Ciconiidae - Storks
                Wood Stork ^ (Mycteria americana)
           FAMILY: Cathartidae - New World Vultures
                Black Vulture ^ (Coragyps atratus)
                #Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)
      ORDER: Anseriformes
           FAMILY: Anatidae - Ducks/Geese/Swans
                Fulvous Whistling Duck ^ (Dendrocygna bicolor)
                Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons)
                Snow Goose (Chen caerulescens)
                Ross's Goose * (Chen rossii)
                #Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)
                Brant ** (Branta bernicla)
                #Mute Swan (Cygnus olor)
                #Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)
                #Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus)
                #Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)
                #Gadwall (Anas strepera)
                Eurasian Wigeon ** (Anas penelope)
                American Wigeon (Anas americana)
                American Black Duck (Anas rubripes)
                #Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)
                #Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors)
                Cinnamon Teal ** (Anas cyanoptera)
                #Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata)
                White-cheeked Pintail ^ (Anas bahamensis)
                Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)
                #Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca)
                #Canvasback (Aythya valisineria)
                #Redhead (Aythya americana)
                #Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris)
                #Greater Scaup (Aythya marila)
                #Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis)
                King Eider ** (Somateria spectabilis)
                Common Eider ^ (Somateria mollissima)
                Harlequin Duck * (Histrionicus histrionicus)
                Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata)
                White-winged Scoter (Melanitta fusca)
                Black Scoter (Melanitta nigra)
                Oldsquaw (Clangula hyemalis)
                Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)
                Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula)
                Barrow's Goldeneye ** (Bucephala islandica)
                #Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)
                Common Merganser (Mergus merganser)
                Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator)
                Masked Duck ^ (Nomonyx dominicus)
                #Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis)
      ORDER: Falconiformes
           FAMILY: Accipitridae - Hawks/Kites/Eagles/Allies
                #Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)
                Swallow-tailed Kite ^ (Elanoides forficatus)
                White-tailed Kite ^ (Elanus leucurus)
                Mississippi Kite ** (Ictinia mississippiensis)
                #Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
                #Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus)
                Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus)
                Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperii)
                Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)
                Harris's Hawk ^ (Parabuteo unicinctus)
                #Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)
                #Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)
                Swainson's Hawk * (Buteo swainsoni)
                #Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)
                Ferruginous Hawk ** (Buteo regalis)
                Rough-legged Hawk (Buteo lagopus)
                Golden Eagle * (Aquila chrysaetos)
           FAMILY: Falconidae - Caracaras/Falcons
                #American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)
                Merlin (Falco columbarius)
                Gyrfalcon * (Falco rusticolus)
                #Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)
      ORDER: Galliformes
           FAMILY: Phasianidae - Partridges/Grouse/Turkeys/Quail
                #Gray Partridge (Perdix perdix)
                #Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)
                #Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)
                Spruce Grouse * (Dendragapus canadensis)
                Willow Ptarmigan ^ (Lagopus lagopus)
                #Sharp-tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus)
                #Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido)
                #Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)
           FAMILY: Odontophoridae - New World Quail
                #Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)
      ORDER: Gruiformes
           FAMILY: Rallidae - Rails/Gallinules/Coots
                #Yellow Rail * (Coturnicops noveboracensis)
                #King Rail * (Rallus elegans)
                #Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola)
                #Sora (Porzana carolina)
                Purple Gallinule ** (Porphyrula martinica)
                #Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
                #American Coot (Fulica americana)
           FAMILY: Gruidae - Cranes
                #Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis)
                Whooping Crane ^ (Grus americana)
      ORDER: Charadriiformes
           FAMILY: Charadriidae - Lapwings/Plovers
                #Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola)
                #American Golden Plover (Pluvialis dominica)
                Snowy Plover ^ (Charadrius alexandrinus)
                #Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus)
                Piping Plover * (Charadrius melodus)
                #Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)
           FAMILY: Recurvirostridae - Stilts/Avocets
                Black-necked Stilt ** (Himantopus mexicanus)
                American Avocet * (Recurvirostra americana)
           FAMILY: Scolopacidae - Sandpipers/Phalaropes/Allies
                Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)
                #Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)
                Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria)
                Willet (Catoptrophorus semipalmatus)
                #Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia)
                #Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda)
                Eskimo Curlew ^ (Numenius borealis)
                Whimbrel * (Numenius phaeopus)
                Long-billed Curlew ^ (Numenius americanus)
                #Hudsonian Godwit (Limosa haemastica)
                #Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa)
                Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres)
                Black Turnstone ^ (Arenaria melanocephala)
                #Red Knot (Calidris canutus)
                Sanderling (Calidris alba)
                #Semipalmated Sandpiper (Calidris pusilla)
                Western Sandpiper * (Calidris mauri)
                #Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla)
                #White-rumped Sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis)
                #Baird's Sandpiper (Calidris bairdii)
                #Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos)
                Purple Sandpiper * (Calidris maritima)
                #Dunlin (Calidris alpina)
                Curlew Sandpiper ** (Calidris ferruginea)
                Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus)
                Buff-breasted Sandpiper * (Tryngites subruficollis)
                Ruff * (Philomachus pugnax)
                Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus)
                Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus)
                #Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago)
                #American Woodcock (Scolopax minor)
                #Wilson's Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)
                Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus)
                Red Phalarope ** (Phalaropus fulicaria)
           FAMILY: Laridae - Skuas/Gulls/Terns/Skimmers
                Pomarine Jaeger ** (Stercorarius pomarinus)
                Parasitic Jaeger * (Stercorarius parasiticus)
                Long-tailed Jaeger ** (Stercorarius longicaudus)
                Laughing Gull * (Larus atricilla)
                Franklin's Gull (Larus pipixcan)
                Little Gull * (Larus minutus)
                Black-headed Gull ** (Larus ridibundus)
                #Bonaparte's Gull (Larus philadelphia)
                Mew Gull * (Larus canus)
                #Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis)
                California Gull ** (Larus californicus)
                #Herring Gull (Larus argentatus)
                Thayer's Gull * (Larus thayeri)
                Iceland Gull * (Larus glaucoides)
                Lesser Black-backed Gull * (Larus fuscus)
                Glaucous-winged Gull ^ (Larus glaucescens)
                Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus)
                Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus)
                Sabine's Gull ** (Xema sabini)
                Black-legged Kittiwake ** (Rissa tridactyla)
                Ivory Gull ^ (Pagophila eburnea)
                # Caspian Tern (Sterna caspia)
                Royal Tern ^ (Sterna maxima)
                #Common Tern (Sterna hirundo)
                Arctic Tern ** (Sterna paradisaea)
                #Forster's Tern (Sterna forsteri)
                Least Tern ** (Sterna antillarum)
                Sooty Tern ^ (Sterna fuscata)
                White-winged Tern ^ (Chlidonias leucopterus)
                #Black Tern (Chlidonias niger)
           FAMILY: Alcidae - Auks/Murres/Puffins
                Dovekie ^ (Alle alle)
                Ancient Murrelet ^ (Synthliboramphus antiquus)
      ORDER: Columbiformes
           FAMILY: Columbidae - Pigeons/Doves
                #Rock Dove (Columba livia)
                Eurasian Collared-Dove ^ (Streptopelia decaocto)
                #Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)
                Passenger Pigeon (e) (Ectopistes migratorius)
                Common Ground-Dove ^ (Columbina passerina)
      ORDER: Psittaciformes
           FAMILY: Psittacidae - Parakeets/Macaws/Parrots
                Carolina Parakeet (e) (Conuropsis carolinesis)
      ORDER: Cuculiformes
           FAMILY: Cuculidae - Cuckoos/Roadrunners/Anis
                # Black-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus)
                #Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)
                Groove-billed Ani ^ (Crotophaga ani)
      ORDER: Strigiformes
           FAMILY: Tytonidae - Barn Owls
                Barn Owl ** (Tyto alba)
           FAMILY: Strigidae - Typical Owls
                #Eastern Screech-Owl (Otus asio)
                #Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)
                Snowy Owl (Nyctea scandiaca)
                Northern Hawk Owl ** (Surnia ulula)
                Burrowing Owl ** (Athene cunicularia)
                #Barred Owl (Strix varia)
                Great Gray Owl * (Strix nebulosa)
                #Long-eared Owl (Asio otus)
                #Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)
                Boreal Owl ** (Aegolius funereus)
                #Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus)
      ORDER: Caprimulgiformes
           FAMILY: Caprimulgidae - Goatsuckers
                #Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)
                Chuck-will's-widow ** (Caprimulgus carolinensis)
                #Whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferus)
      ORDER: Apodiformes
           FAMILY: Apodidae - Swifts
                #Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica)
           FAMILY: Trochilidae - Hummingbirds
                Green Violet-ear ^ (Colibri thalassinus)
                #Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)
                Anna's Hummingbird ^ (Calypte anna)
                Rufous Hummingbird ** (Selasphorus rufus)
      ORDER: Coraciiformes
           FAMILY: Alcedinidae - Kingfishers
                #Belted Kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon)
      ORDER: Piciformes
           FAMILY: Picidae - Woodpeckers/Allies
                Lewis's Woodpecker ^ (Melanerpes lewis)
                #Red-headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)
                #Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)
                #Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)
                #Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens)
                #Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus)
                Three-toed Woodpecker ** (Picoides tridactylus)
                Black-backed Woodpecker * (Picoides arcticus)
                #Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)
                #Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)
      ORDER: Passeriformes
           FAMILY: Tyrannidae - Tyrant Flycatchers
                Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus borealis)
                Western Wood-Pewee ^ (Contopus sordidulus)
                #Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens)
                #Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris)
                #Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens)
                #Alder Flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum)
                #Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii)
                #Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus)
                Dusky Flycatcher ^ (Empidonax oberholseri)
                #Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe)
                Say's Phoebe ^ (Sayornis saya)
                #Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)
                Western Kingbird * (Tyrannus verticalis)
                #Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)
                Scissor-tailed Flycatcher ** (Tyrannus forficatus)
                Fork-tailed Flycatcher ^ (Tyrannus savana)
           FAMILY: Laniidae - Shrikes
                Loggerhead Shrike * (Lanius ludovicianus)
                Northern Shrike (Lanius excubitor)
           FAMILY: Vireonidae - Vireos
                White-eyed Vireo * (Vireo griseus)
                Bell's Vireo (Vireo bellii)
                Gray Vireo ^ (Vireo vicinior)
                #Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons)
                #Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius)
                #Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus)
                #Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus)
                #Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)
           FAMILY: Corvidae - Jays/Crows
                Gray Jay (Perisoreus canadensis)
                #Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)
                Clark's Nutcracker ^ (Nucifraga columbiana)
                Black-billed Magpie ^ (Pica pica)
                #American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)
                #Common Raven (Corvus corax)
           FAMILY: Alaudidae - Larks
                #Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris)
           FAMILY: Hirundinidae - Swallows
                #Purple Martin (Progne subis)
                #Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)
                #Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx
                #Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia)
                #Cliff Swallow (Hirundo pyrrhonota)
                #Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
           FAMILY: Paridae - Chickadees/Titmice
                #Black-capped Chickadee (Parus atricapillus)
                Boreal Chickadee (Parus hudsonicus)
                #Tufted Titmouse (Parus bicolor)
           FAMILY: Sittidae - Nuthatches
                #Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis)
                #White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)
                Brown-headed Nuthatch ^ (Sitta pusilla)
           FAMILY: Certhiidae - Creepers
                #Brown Creeper (Certhia americana)
           FAMILY: Troglodytidae - Wrens
                Carolina Wren * (Thryothorus ludovicianus)
                Bewick's Wren ** (Thryomanes bewickii)
                #House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)
                #Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)
                #Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)
                #Marsh Wren (Cistothorus palustris)
           FAMILY: Regulidae - Kinglets
                #Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa)
                #Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula)
           FAMILY: Sylviidae - Old World Warblers/Gnatcatchers
                #Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)
           FAMILY: Turdidae - Thrushes
                #Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)
                Mountain Bluebird ** (Sialia currucoides)
                Townsend's Solitaire * (Myadestes townsendi)
                #Veery (Catharus fuscescens)
                #Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus)
                #Swainson's Thrush (Catharus ustulatus)
                #Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)
                #Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina)
                #American Robin (Turdus migratorius)
                Varied Thrush * (Ixoreus naevius)
           FAMILY: Mimidae - Mockingbirds/Thrashers
                #Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)
                Northern Mockingbird * (Mimus polyglottos)
                Sage Thrasher ^ (Oreoscoptes montanus)
                #Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)
                Curve-billed Thrasher ^ (Toxostoma curvirostre)
           FAMILY: Sturnidae - Starlings
                #European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
           FAMILY: Motacillidae - Wagtails/Pipits
                American Pipit (Anthus rubescens)
           FAMILY: Bombycillidae - Waxwings
                Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus)
                #Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)
           FAMILY: Ptilogonatidae - Silky-Flycatchers
                Phainopepla ^ (Phainopepla nitens)
           FAMILY: Parulidae - Wood-Warblers
                #Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora pinus)
                #Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera)
                #Tennessee Warbler (Vermivora peregrina)
                #Orange-crowned Warbler (Vermivora celata)
                #Nashville Warbler (Vermivora ruficapilla)
                Northern Parula (Parula americana)
                #Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia)
                #Chestnut-sided Warbler (Dendroica pensylvanica)
                #Magnolia Warbler (Dendroica magnolia)
                #Cape May Warbler (Dendroica tigrina)
                Black-throated Blue Warbler (Dendroica caerulescens)
                #Yellow-rumped Warbler (Dendroica coronata)
                Black-throated Gray Warbler ^ (Dendroica nigrescens)
                Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens)
                Townsend's Warbler ^ (Dendroica townsendi)
                Hermit Warbler ^ (Dendroica occidentalis)
                #Blackburnian Warbler (Dendroica fusca)
                Yellow-throated Warbler * (Dendroica dominica)
                #Pine Warbler (Dendroica pinus)
                Kirtland's Warbler ** (Dendroica kirtlandii)
                Prairie Warbler * (Dendroica discolor)
                #Palm Warbler (Dendroica palmarum)
                #Bay-breasted Warbler (Dendroica castanea)
                #Blackpoll Warbler (Dendroica striata)
                #Cerulean Warbler (Dendroica cerulea)
                #Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)
                #American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)
                #Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea)
                #Worm-eating Warbler * (Helmitheros vermivorus)
                Swainson's Warbler ^ (Limnothlypis swainsonii)
                #Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus)
                #Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis)
                #Louisiana Waterthrush (Seiurus motacilla)
                Kentucky Warbler (Oporornis formosus)
                #Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis)
                #Mourning Warbler (Oporornis philadelphia)
                #Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)
                Hooded Warbler (Wilsonia citrina)
                #Wilson's Warbler (Wilsonia pusilla)
                Yellow-breasted Chat (Icteria virens)
                #Canada Warbler (Wilsonia canadensis)
           FAMILY: Thraupidae - Tanagers
                Summer Tanager * (Piranga rubra)
                #Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea)
                Western Tanager ** (Piranga ludoviciana)
           FAMILY: Emberizidae - Emberizids
                Green-tailed Towhee ** (Pipilo chlorurus)
                Spotted Towhee ** (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)
                #Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)
                American Tree Sparrow (Spizella arborea)
                #Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)
                #Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)
                #Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)
                #Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus)
                #Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)
                Black-throated Sparrow ^ (Amphispiza bilineata)
                Lark Bunting ** (Calamospiza melanocorys)
                #Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)
                #Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)
                Baird's Sparrow ^ (Ammodramus bairdii)
                #Henslow's Sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii)
                #Le Conte's Sparrow (Ammodramus leconteii)
                Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow * (Ammodramus
                Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca)
                #Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)
                #Lincoln's Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii)
                #Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana)
                #White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)
                #Harris's Sparrow (Zonotrichia querula)
                #White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)
                Golden-crowned Sparrow ^ (Zonotrichia atricapilla)
                Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis)
                Lapland Longspur (Calcarius lapponicus)
                Smith's Longspur ^ (Calcarius pictus)
                Chestnut-collared Longspur ^ (Calcarius ornatus)
                Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis)
           FAMILY: Cardinalidae - Cardinals/Saltators/Allies
                #Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)
                #Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)
                Black-headed Grosbeak ** (Pheucticus melanocephalus)
                Blue Grosbeak ** (Guiraca caerulea)
                Lazuli Bunting ^ (Passerina amoena)
                #Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea)
                Painted Bunting ^ (Passerina ciris)
                Dickcissel (Spiza americana)
           FAMILY: Icteridae - Blackbirds
                #Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)
                #Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)
                #Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)
                #Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)
                #Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus
                Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus)
                #Brewer's Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus)
                #Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)
                #Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)
                Streak-backed Oriole ^ (Icterus pustulatus)
                #Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)
                #Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)
                Bullock's Oriole ^ (Icterus bullockii)
                Scott's Oriole ^ (Icterus parisorum)
           FAMILY: Fringillidae - Fringilline/Cardueline Finches
                Brambling ^ (Fringilla montifringilla)
                Gray-crowned Rosy Finch ^ (Leucosticte tephrocotis)
                Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator)
                #Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureus)
                #House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus)
                Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra)
                White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera)
                Common Redpoll (Carduelis flammea)
                Hoary Redpoll * (Carduelis hornemanni)
                #Pine Siskin (Carduelis pinus)
                #American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)
                Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus)
           FAMILY: Passeridae - Old World Sparrows
                Eurasian Tree Sparrow ** (Passer montanus)
                #House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)